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Fun with Phrases. Introduction to Figurative Language By: Lauren LaPierre. Figurative Language. Figurative language or speech contains images. The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer.

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figurative language
Figurative Language
  • Figurative language or speech contains images. The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer.

http://42explore.com/figlang.htm

did you know
Did you know?
  • Figurative language is used in many things. It is used in music that we listen to and books that we read.
  • Let’s learn basic figurative language terms and how to identify them!
before you get started
Before You Get Started!
  • Read through the definition of each them
  • Read through the example of each term.
    • Read the example out loud or to yourself if needed.
  • Click on the button to go back to the index to choose a new term.

Index

index
Index
  • Alliteration
  • Assonance
  • Cliché
  • Consonance
  • Hyperbole
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Personification
  • Simile
  • Idiom
  • Metaphor

Practice

References

alliteration
Alliteration
  • Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of neighboring words.
  • Example

Rock ‘n’ roll to the rescue

Rock ‘n’ roll to the rescue

Rock ‘n’ roll to the rescue

“Rock ‘n’ Roll to the Rescue”~ The Beach Boys

Say it out loud. Can hear the repeating sounds?

Index

assonance
Assonance
  • Repetition of similar vowel sounds in the middle of neighboring words.
  • Example

Wooly bully, wooly bully

Wooly bully, wooly bully

Wooly bully, wooly bully

“Wooly Bully”~ Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs

Can you hear the repeating vowel sounds?

Try saying it out loud.

Index

Wooly

Bully

clich
Cliché
  • A word or phrase that has become overly familiar.
  • Example

For once in my life I’m scared to death..

“First Time”~Lifehouse

Index

consonance
Consonance
  • Repetition of consonant sounds within neighboring words.
  • Example

The Bone Yard Rap

Wes Magel

This is the rhythm

of the bone yard rap,

Knuckle bones click

And hand bones clap

Can you hear the repeating sounds?

Say it out loud.

Index

hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • Big exaggeration, usually with humor.
  • Example

But I would walk 500 miles

And I would walk 500 more

Just to be the man that

walked 1000 miles

To fall down at your door

I’m Gonna Be” ~ The Proclaimers

Would you walk 500 miles?

Index

idiom
Idiom
  • The language peculiar to a specific group of people.
  • Example

I just can’t get you out of my head

Boy your lovin’ is all I think about

I just can’t get you out of my head

Boy it’s more than I dare to think about

“Can’t Get You Out of My Head”~ Kylie Minogue

Index

metaphor
Metaphor
  • Comparing two things by suggesting a likeness between them.
  • Example

I loved you with a fire red..

“Apologize”~ One Republic

*In this lyric, love is being compared to a fire.

Index

onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
  • Words used to imitate the sound an object or action makes.
  • Example

Rockin’ Robin tweet, tweet, tweet

“Rockin’ Robin”~ Jackson 5

Index

personification
Personification
  • When something not human is given human characteristics.
  • Example

The pieces of my heart are missing you..

“When You’re Gone”~ Avril Lavigne

*The heart is given the human quality of missing someone.

Index

simile
Simile
  • Comparison of two things using “like” or “as”.
  • Example- “like”

Party like a rock

Party like a rock star…

“Party Like A Rock Star”~ Shop Boyz

  • Example- “as”

Free as a bird, it's the next best thing to be. Free as a bird. Home, home and dry, like a homing bird I'll fly as a bird on wings.

“Free as a Bird”~ The Beatles

* Freedom is being compared to the freedom of a

bird.

Index

let s practice
Let’s Practice!

Practice

  • Click on to start practicing.
  • Answer each question by clicking on an answer choice.
  • Click to skip practice and go to the quiz now!!
  • Important buttons:

Next Slide Previous Slide Review

Quiz

slide17
Identify AssonanceClick on the star next to the line that is an example of assonance.*More than one answer could be correct!!

Caliente!

Suave!

Yeah we’re gonna

Bop bop bop, bop to the top

Slip and slide and ride that rhythm

“Bop to the Top”~High School Musical

review
Review
  • Assonance is the repetition of similar vowel sounds within neighboring words.
identify alliteration
Identify Alliteration

Chickity china the Chinese chicken

You have a drumstick and your brain stops tickin’

Watchin’ x-files with the lights on

I hope the smokin’ man’s in this one

“One Week”~ BNL

review24
Review
  • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
identify clich
Identify Cliché

You drive me crazy

I just can’t sleep

I’m so excited, I’m in too deep

Ohh…crazy, but is feels alright

Baby thinkin’ of you keeps me up all night.

“You Drive Me Crazy”~ Britney Spears

review28
Review
  • A cliché is a over used phrase of expression.
identify consonance
Identify Consonance

I told the witch doctor you didn't love me trueI told the witch doctor you didn't love me niceAnd then the witch doctor, he game me this adviceHe said to ...Oooeee, ooo ah ah ting tangWalla walla, bing bang

“Witch Doctor”~David Seville

review32
Review
  • Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds within neighboring words.
identify hyperbole
Identify Hyperbole

I got me a car, its as big as a whale

And we’re headin’ on down

To the love shack

“Love Shack”~ B-52’s

review36
Review
  • Hyperbole is a big exaggeration, usually with humor.
identify the idiom
Identify the Idiom

You say we’ve got nothing in common

No common ground to start from

And we’re falling apart

“Breakfast at Tiffany’s”~ Deep Blue Something

review40
Review
  • An idiom is the language peculiar to a specific group of people.
identify the metaphor
Identify the Metaphor

Son, Papa was a rolling stone

Where ever he laid his hat was home

All he left us was alone

“Papa was a Rolling Stone”~ Temptations

review44
Review
  • A metaphor is comparing two things by suggesting a likeness between them.
identify onomatpoeia
Identify Onomatpoeia

Bang bang bang! On the door baby

Knock a little bit harder sugar!

Bang bang bang on the door baby!

I can’t hear you!

“Love Shack”~ B-52’s

review48
Review
  • Onomatopoeia is the use of words to imitate the sound an object or action makes.
identify personification
Identify Personification

I, I love the colorful clothes she wears

And the way the sunlight plays upon her hair

I hear the sound of a gentle word

On the wind that lifts her perfume through the air.

“Good Vibrations”~ Beach Boys

review52
Review
  • Personification is when something not human is given human characteristics.
identify simile
Identify Simile

All the school kids so sick of books

The like the punk and metal band

When the buzzer rings (oh whey oh)

They’re walking like an Egyptian

Walk Like an Egyptian~ The bangles

review56
Review
  • A simile is a comparison using “like” or “as”.
mix it up identify the figurative language used
*Mix it Up*Identify the figurative language used.

Loose lips might sink ships but loose gooses take trips

To San Francisco, double dutch disco

Tech TV hottie, do it for scotty

“Loose Lips”~ Kimya Dawson

Hyperbole & Consonance Alliteration & Consonance

Metaphor & Simile

review60
Review
  • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words
  • Consonance is the repetition of consonant sound within neighboring words.
  • Hyperbole is a big exaggeration, usually with humor
  • Metaphor is comparing two things by suggesting a likeness.
mix it up identify the figurative language used61
*Mix it Up*Identify the figurative language used

You’re a carousel, you’re a wishing well,

And you light me up when you ring my bell

You’re a mystery, you’re from outer space

You’re every minute of my everyday

“Everything”~ Michael Buble

Metaphor & Alliteration Metaphor & Personification

Simile & Onomatopoeia

review64
Review
  • Metaphor is a comparison between to things by suggesting a likeness.
  • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds and the beginning of neighboring words.
  • Personification is giving human characteristics to objects that are not human.
  • Simile is a comparison using “like” or “as”.
slide65
QUIZ!
  • Follow the directions on each slide.
  • Choose the answer you think is correct.
  • Keep track of number you answer correctly.
  • Good Luck!

*Important Button: Click this button to go to the next slide.

what is alliteration
What is Alliteration?

Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

Comparison using “like” or “as”.

Word or phrase that has become overly familiar.

what is assonance
What is Assonance?

Giving not human objects human characteristics.

Big exaggeration, usually funny.

Repetition of similar vowel sounds within neighboring words.

what is a clich
What is a Cliché?

A word or phrase that has become overly familiar.

Comparing two things by suggesting a likeness.

Repetition of vowel sounds in neighboring words.

what is consonance
What is Consonance?

Comparison using “like” or “as”.

Exaggeration that is usually funny.

Repetition of consonant sounds within neighboring words.

what is a hyperbole
What is a hyperbole?

Imitating a thing or action by using the sound it makes.

Exaggeration usually with humor.

Language peculiar to a specific group of people.

choose the idiom
Choose the idiom.

Wait a minute

It’s not the time or place

Wait a minute

Get my head in the game

“Get Your Head in the Game”~ High School Musical

choose the metaphor
Choose the metaphor.

We’re just two lost souls swimming in a fish bowl, year after year

Running over the same old ground

What have we found

The same old fears

Wish you were here

“Wish you Were Here”~ Pink Floyd

choose the example of onomatopoeia
Choose the example of Onomatopoeia.

Hear the sledges with the bells

Silver bells!

What a world of merriment their melody foretells!

How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle

In the icy air of night

“The Bells”~ Edgar Allen Poe

what is personification
What is Personification?

Repetition of vowel sounds in the middle of neighboring words.

Comparison of two objects suggesting a likeness.

Giving human characteristics to non human objects.

find the hyperbole
Find the hyperbole.

I’m holding your rope,

Got me ten feet off the ground

I’m hearin’ what you say but I just

Can’t make a sound

“Apologize”~ One Republic

choose the simile
Choose the simile.

And I’m going to miss you like a child misses their blanket

But I’ve got to get a move on with my life

It’s time to be a big girl now

And big girls don’t cry

“Big Girls Don’t Cry” ~ Fergie

choose the example of alliteration
Choose the example of Alliteration

My my just how much I’ve missed you

Yes, I’ve been broken hearted

Blue since the day we parted

Why did I ever let you go?

“Mamma Mia” ~ Abba

great job
GREAT JOB!
  • How many did you get correct?
  • 12 ~ You are awesome!
  • 8-11~ Wow! You are really learning!
  • 7 or less~ Let’s practice again!

Practice

Index

references
References
  • Kids Konnect: http://www.kidskonnect.com/
  • Lyrics.com: http://www.lyrics.com/
  • Metro Lyrics: http://www.metrolyrics.com/
  • Poets.org: http://www.poets.org/