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II Samuel 19. II Samuel 19. Returning David as King. Joab steps in. (2 Sam 19:1 NKJV) And Joab was told, "Behold, the king is weeping and mourning for Absalom.". Victory turned into mourning.

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ii samuel 192

II Samuel 19

Returning David as King

joab steps in
Joab steps in
  • (2 Sam 19:1 NKJV) And Joab was told, "Behold, the king is weeping and mourning for Absalom."
victory turned into mourning
Victory turned into mourning
  • (2 Sam 19:2 NKJV) So the victory that day was turned into mourning for all the people. For the people heard it said that day, "The king is grieved for his son."
victors sneak away
Victors sneak away
  • (2 Sam 19:3 NKJV) And the people stole back into the city that day, as people who are ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
david weeps
David Weeps
  • (2 Sam 19:4 NKJV) But the king covered his face, and the king cried out with a loud voice, "O my son Absalom! O Absalom, my son, my son!"
the no win war
The No win war!
  • David continued to pay for his sins.
  • He did not correct Absalom.
  • He did not right other wrongs.
  • He was weakened as a man by his own faults.
  • He almost turned victory into defeat.
  • As Joab now tells him, He had turned against his own supporters.
you ve turned against your support
You’ve turned against your support
  • (2 Sam 19:5 NKJV) Then Joab came into the house to the king, and said, "Today you have disgraced all your servants who today have saved your life, the lives of your sons and daughters, the lives of your wives and the lives of your concubines,
think of your message
Think of Your Message
  • (2 Sam 19:6 NKJV) "in that you love your enemies and hate your friends. For you have declared today that you regard neither princes nor servants; for today I perceive that if Absalom had lived and all of us had died today, then it would have pleased you well.
do something now
Do Something Now!
  • (2 Sam 19:7 NKJV) "Now therefore, arise, go out and speak comfort to your servants. For I swear by the LORD, if you do not go out, not one will stay with you this night. And that will be worse for you than all the evil that has befallen you from your youth until now."
the people assemble
The People Assemble
  • (2 Sam 19:8 NKJV) Then the king arose and sat in the gate. And they told all the people, saying, "There is the king, sitting in the gate." So all the people came before the king. For everyone of Israel had fled to his tent.
what do we do now
What do we do Now?
  • (2 Sam 19:9 NKJV) Now all the people were in a dispute throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, "The king saved us from the hand of our enemies, he delivered us from the hand of the Philistines, and now he has fled from the land because of Absalom.
keil delitzsch
Keil-Delitzsch
  • As the rebellion was entirely crushed by Absalom's death, and the dispersion of his followers to their respective homes, there arose a movement among all the tribes in favour of David. “All the people were disputing (נָדֹון, casting reproaches at one another) in all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king has saved us out of the hand of our enemies, ...
keil delitzsch14
Keil-Delitzsch
  • , ... and now he is fled out of the land before Absalom. But Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle; and now why do ye keep still, to bring back the king?” This movement arose from the consciousness of having done an injustice to the king, in rising up in support of Absalom.
let s move forward
Let’s Move Forward
  • (2 Sam 19:10 NKJV) "But Absalom, whom we anointed over us, has died in battle. Now therefore, why do you say nothing about bringing back the king?"
let s move past guilt
Let’s Move Past Guilt
  • (2 Sam 19:10 NKJV) "But Absalom, whom we anointed over us, has died in battle. Now therefore, why do you say nothing about bringing back the king?"
  • “whom we anointed over us,” We participated in his act of rebellion, but now we must make things right and get on with life.
what happened to judah
What happened to Judah?
  • (2 Sam 19:11 NKJV) So King David sent to Zadok and Abiathar the priests, saying, "Speak to the elders of Judah, saying, 'Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house, since the words of all Israel have come to the king, to his very house?
the question continues
The Question Continues
  • (2 Sam 19:12 NKJV) 'You are my brethren, you are my bone and my flesh. Why then are you the last to bring back the king?'
amasa to replace joab
Amasa to replace Joab?
  • (2 Sam 19:13 NKJV) "And say to Amasa, 'Are you not my bone and my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if you are not commander of the army before me continually in place of Joab.'"
let s replace joab
Let’s Replace Joab!
  • “Captain ... in the room of Joab” - It is very plain that David felt the weight of Joab’s overbearing influence to be very oppressive. He was, at this time, very angry with Joab for killing Absalom; and so, thinking it of vital importance to win over Amasa and the army of Judah, he did not scruple to offer him Joab’s high post. Albert Barnes:
let s replace joab21
Let’s Replace Joab!
  • But it doesn’t happen!
  • Amasa takes too long to accomplish a mission. Joab takes advantage of Amasa and kills him instead of kissing.
amasa helps david
Amasa helps David
  • (2 Sam 19:14 NKJV) So he swayed the hearts of all the men of Judah, just as the heart of one man, so that they sent this word to the king: "Return, you and all your servants!"
david crosses the jordan
David crosses the Jordan
  • (2 Sam 19:15 NKJV) Then the king returned and came to the Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to escort the king across the Jordan.
shimei decides to ask forgiveness
Shimei decides to ask forgiveness
  • (2 Sam 19:16 NKJV) And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, who was from Bahurim, hastened and came down with the men of Judah to meet King David.
why the show of force
Why the show of force?
  • (2 Sam 19:17 NKJV) There were a thousand men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over the Jordan before the king.
jamieson faussett and brown
Jamieson, Faussett, and Brown
  • Shemei ... a thousand men of Benjamin with him — This display of [Shemei’s] followers was to show what force he could raise against or in support of the king
shimei s show of humility
Shimei’s show of humility
  • (2 Sam 19:18 NKJV) Then a ferryboat went across to carry over the king's household, and to do what he thought good. Now Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king when he had crossed the Jordan.
shimei asks for forgiveness
Shimei asks for forgiveness
  • (2 Sam 19:19 NKJV) Then he said to the king, "Do not let my lord impute iniquity to me, or remember what wrong your servant did on the day that my lord the king left Jerusalem, that the king should take it to heart.
he makes confession
He makes Confession
  • (2 Sam 19:20 NKJV) "For I, your servant, know that I have sinned. Therefore here I am, the first to come today of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king."
do you remember shimei
Do You Remember Shimei?
  • (2 Sam 16:13 NKJV) And as David and his men went along the road, Shimei went along the hillside opposite him and cursed as he went, threw stones at him and kicked up dust.
abishai was ready to kill him
Abishai was ready to kill him.
  • (2 Sam 19:21 NKJV) But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, "Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the Lord's anointed?"
this is a great day not a day of death
This is a Great Day—Not a day of Death
  • (2 Sam 19:22 NKJV) And David said, "What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah, that you should be adversaries to me today? Shall any man be put to death today in Israel? For do I not know that today I am king over Israel?"
an alternative translation
An Alternative Translation
  • (2 Sam 19:22 NIV) David replied, "What do you and I have in common, you sons of Zeruiah? This day you have become my adversaries! Should anyone be put to death in Israel today? Do I not know that today I am king over Israel?"
david forgives him
David Forgives him
  • (2 Sam 19:23 NKJV) Therefore the king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." And the king swore to him.
jamieson faussett and brown35
Jamieson, Faussett, and Brown:
  • Shemei : Expressing the deepest regret for his former outrageous conduct, he was pardoned on the spot; and although the son of Zeruiah urged the expediency of making this chief a public example, his officiousness was repulsed by David with magnanimity, and with the greater confidence that he felt himself now re-established in the kingdom
mephibosheth returns to david
Mephibosheth returns to David
  • (2 Sam 19:24 NKJV) Now Mephibosheth the son of Saul [Jonathan’s son actually] came down to meet the king. And he had not cared for his feet, nor trimmed his mustache, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he returned in peace.
jamieson faussett and brown37
Jamieson, Faussett, and Brown
  • The neglect of this attention to his beard was an undoubted proof of the depth of Mephibosheth’s grief. The king seems to have received him upbraidingly, and not to have been altogether sure either of his guilt or innocence. It is impossible to commend the cavalier treatment, any more than to approve the partial award, of David in this case.
david questions mephibosheth
David Questions Mephibosheth
  • (2 Sam 19:25 NKJV) So it was, when he had come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said to him, "Why did you not go with me, Mephibosheth?"
mephibosheth s explanation
Mephibosheth’s Explanation
  • (2 Sam 19:26 NKJV) And he answered, "My lord, O king, my servant deceived me. For your servant said, 'I will saddle a donkey for myself, that I may ride on it and go to the king,' because your servant is lame.
i ll let you judge my case
I’ll let you judge my case.
  • (2 Sam 19:27 NKJV) "And he has slandered your servant to my lord the king, but my lord the king is like the angel of God. Therefore do what is good in your eyes.
you didn t have to spare my life
You didn’t have to spare my life.
  • (2 Sam 19:28 NKJV) "For all my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king. Yet you set your servant among those who eat at your own table. Therefore what right have I still to cry out anymore to the king?"
david s solution just divide it
David’s Solution – Just Divide it!
  • (2 Sam 19:29 NKJV) So the king said to him, "Why do you speak anymore of your matters? I have said, 'You and Ziba divide the land.'"
albert barnes
Albert Barnes:
  • Unable to get to the bottom of the story, and perhaps unwilling to make an enemy of Ziba, David compromised the matter by dividing the land, thus partially revoking his hasty sentence 2Sa_16:4. We still see the impatient temper of David. -
david s judgment against mephibosheth
David’s Judgment against Mephibosheth
  • (2 Sam 16:4 NKJV) So the king said to Ziba, "Here, all that belongs to Mephibosheth is yours." And Ziba said, "I humbly bow before you, that I may find favor in your sight, my lord, O king!"
he can have as it was
He can have – As it was!
  • (2 Sam 19:30 NKJV) Then Mephibosheth said to the king, "Rather, let him take it all, inasmuch as my lord the king has come back in peace to his own house."
a noble man
A Noble Man
  • (2 Sam 19:31 NKJV) And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim and went across the Jordan with the king, to escort him across the Jordan.
he was an old man
He was an old man
  • (2 Sam 19:32 NKJV) Now Barzillai was a very aged man, eighty years old. And he had provided the king with supplies while he stayed at Mahanaim, for he was a very rich man.
come with us
“Come with us!”
  • (2 Sam 19:33 NKJV) And the king said to Barzillai, "Come across with me, and I will provide for you while you are with me in Jerusalem."
how long have i to live
How long have I to live?
  • (2 Sam 19:34 NKJV) But Barzillai said to the king, "How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king to Jerusalem?
i m getting old
I’m getting old!
  • (2 Sam 19:35 NKJV) "I am today eighty years old. Can I discern between the good and bad? Can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? Can I hear any longer the voice of singing men and singing women? Why then should your servant be a further burden to my lord the king?
i ll go part way
I’ll go part way
  • (2 Sam 19:36 NKJV) "Your servant will go a little way across the Jordan with the king. And why should the king repay me with such a reward?
i just want to go home
I just want to go home
  • (2 Sam 19:37 NKJV) "Please let your servant turn back again, that I may die in my own city, near the grave of my father and mother. But here is your servant Chimham; let him cross over with my lord the king, and do for him what seems good to you."
whatever you wish
Whatever You Wish!
  • (2 Sam 19:38 NKJV) And the king answered, "Chimham shall cross over with me, and I will do for him what seems good to you. Now whatever you request of me, I will do for you."
barzillai goes home
Barzillai goes home!
  • (2 Sam 19:39 NKJV) Then all the people went over the Jordan. And when the king had crossed over, the king kissed Barzillai and blessed him, and he returned to his own place.
david returns
David Returns
  • (2 Sam 19:40 NKJV) Now the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him. And all the people of Judah escorted the king, and also half the people of Israel.
why have these things happened
Why have these things happened?
  • (2 Sam 19:41 NKJV) Just then all the men of Israel came to the king, and said to the king, "Why have our brethren, the men of Judah, stolen you away and brought the king, his household, and all David's men with him across the Jordan?"
keil delitzsch57
Keil-Delitzsch
  • “All David's men” were all his faithful adherents who had fled with him from Jerusalem
  • [There had been a war! Now it’s time to put the pieces back together.] -- hp
your complaint is unjustified
Your complaint is unjustified!
  • (2 Sam 19:42 NKJV) So all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, "Because the king is a close relative of ours. Why then are you angry over this matter? Have we ever eaten at the king's expense? Or has he given us any gift?"
not a joyful ending
Not a joyful ending
  • (2 Sam 19:43 NKJV) And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, "We have ten shares in the king; therefore we also have more right to David than you. Why then do you despise us; were we not the first to advise bringing back our king?" Yet the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.
a war is over or is it61
A War is over, or is it?
  • It has been a war between David and his son Absalom for the kingdom.
a war is over or is it62
A War is over, or is it?
  • It has been a war between David and his son Absalom for the kingdom.
  • After wars are over, there can be a lot of hurt feelings and misgivings.
a war is over or is it63
A War is over, or is it?
  • It has been a war between David and his son Absalom for the kingdom.
  • After wars are over, there can be a lot of hurt feelings and misgivings.
  • There is a healing that needs to take place.
a war is over or is it64
A War is over, or is it?
  • It has been a war between David and his son Absalom for the kingdom.
  • After wars are over, there can be a lot of hurt feelings and misgivings.
  • There is a healing that needs to take place.
  • Sometimes such matters are not handled in the most understanding way.
a war is over or is it65
A War is over, or is it?
  • It has been a war between David and his son Absalom for the kingdom.
  • After wars are over, there can be a lot of hurt feelings and misgivings.
  • There is a healing that needs to take place.
  • Sometimes such matters are not handled in the most understanding way.
  • Sometimes we forget important details.