11th Grade U.S. History Mr. Weber Chemistry Bungalow #1 Monday, October 20, 2008
Activator • What do you think of U.S. intervention in Iraq? • What does it mean to be a “World Power?” • How is foreign policy connected to economics? • How involved do you think the U.S. should be in other countries? Explain. Very. Somewhat. Not at all.
Agenda Activator, Agenda, and Objective (10 minutes) Unit 3: U.S. Rise to World Power Imperialism notes (15 minutes). Imperialism slide show (20 minutes). Becoming a World Power pair work (30-45 minutes) Exit Ticket (5-10 minutes)
Objective • All students will: • Understand the reasons why the U.S. became an imperial power at the turn of the 20th Century. • 11.4.1 – Students list the purpose, cause, and effects of the Open Door Policy. • 11.4.2 – Students describe the Spanish American War and the U.S. expansion in the South Pacific. • 11.4.3 – Students discuss America’s role in the Panama Revolution and the building of the Panama Canal.
Introductions 1. We are ending Unit 2 which covered the growth of cities and industrialization after the Civil War (1870-1910). 2. We are beginning Unit 3 in which we will understand and critique “The United States’ rise to power in the 20th century.” This unit is about foreign policy, the U.S. involvement in Cuba, Panama, Hawaii, and the Philippians, the Big Stick diplomacy of Theodore Roosevelt, and U.S. leadership in the world. 3. You will be making a children’s book. This is your chance to rewrite history placing emphasis on the things you would want your younger sibling or your own child to learn.
Why did the U.S. Get Involved Over Seas? Economic growth (1870-1900): due to industrialization, rise of factories, transportation revolution, technology, and growth of cities. Also created need for Imperialism by European powers: created competition over markets and trade. Advanced military technology: created a strong army and navy. Nationalism: provided an ideological justification. Religion: missionaries trying to save souls by converting them were on the front lines of the imperial project.
What is Imperialism Again? Under imperialism, stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations – economically, politically, culturally, or militarily. Usually the imperialist country will create “colonies” which are areas under their control that pay them taxes. Colonialism is a form of imperialism.
Arguments for U.S. Expansion Wanted control of Pacific Ocean. Increased trade with Asia made it strategically important. Promoting economic growth. The need to “secure” new markets abroad. Protecting American security. Navy – USS Maine. Preserving the “American spirit.” The argument was that U.S. was an adventurous and expanding peoples.
Business Interests U.S. Foreign Investment 1869 to 1908
Strategic Military Interests: Alfred T. Mahan: The Influence of Sea Power on History
Spanish-American War 1898: “Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain” U.S. went to War against Spain in Cuba. This was the first step onto the world stage in terms of the imperial/military project. War started when the USS Maine exploded in the Havana Harbor.
The Treaty of Paris 1898 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the Island of Guam. The U.S. paid Spain $20 million for the Philippines. The U.S. becomes an imperial power.
Philippines William H. Taft becomes first Governor Emilio Aguinaldo
China: Open Door Policy Sectary John Hay. Gave all nations equal access to trade with China. Guaranteed that China would not be taken over by any one power.
Theodore Roosevelt: Speak Softly but Carry a Big Stick Big Stick Diplomacy (below). Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine establishing U.S. intervention and international police power (right).
Moral Diplomacy The U.S. should be the conscience of the world. Spread democracy. Promote peace.
Recap The Causes of Imperialism Main Idea:The United States became one of many nations interested in expanding control around the world in order to increase their wealth. America’s First Steps Toward World Power Main Idea: America developed trade with the previously closed-off Japan, purchased Alaska, and established trade, highways, and other investments in Latin America.
Chapter 17: Becoming a World Power 1890-1915 • Pick a partner that is someone you do not sit next to and have not worked with in this class. • Pick one of the sections below and write it in your notebook: • 1. Pressures to Expand pp.582-588. • 2. Spanish American War pp.589-596. • 3. New Foreign Policy pp.598-603. • 4. Debating America’s New Role pp.604-611.
Key Terms • Imperialism • Nationalism • Economic Interests • Spanish American War • USS Maine • Theodore Roosevelt • Treaty of Paris • Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Samoa (Pacific) • Open Door Policy • Panama Canal • Big Stick Diplomacy • Dollar Diplomacy • Moral Diplomacy • Anti-Imperialists
Pair Work (30-45 minutes) Read your section and write down the important points. Be prepared to teach your section as everyone needs all 4 sections for their children’s books. Write down questions that are unanswered. Write down places where you suspect the textbook may not be giving you the full story or where you would maybe say it a different way. 1. pp.582-588; 2. pp.589-596; 3. pp.598-603; 4. pp.604-611.
Exit Ticket • The multiple choice exam for Unit 2 is on Wednesday. • The study guide provided will be an excellent help in reviewing. • Write down two specific things you will do to study (flashcards, having a friend quiz you, etc.). • Write the following in your planners: • Finish study guide TONIGHT • Unit 2 exam on Wednesday.