George Homans (1910-1989). Alex Jordahl and James Liu. Background. On August 11,1910,George Caspar Homans was born in Boston to a wealthy Brahmin-style family. Eldest of four children, followed by two sisters and a younger brother. Grandparents were part of the upper class.
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Alex Jordahl and James Liu
Throughout George’s accomplishments as a naval officer, a newspaper man, and finally, a scholar, Robert was always there as a source of support and inspiration.
1939-1941 became an instructor of sociology.
1941-1945 served his country as a naval officer
(e.g. the membership to “final club” in Harvard depends on a mixture of equalities – personal as well as chose related to class, religion and ethnic background.)
If workers feel that they are paid unfairly they may form a union, bargain collectively with the employer or strike. But at the same time, they will weigh the potential benefits against the cost. When multiple value are involved, the rational calculation of benefits and costs becomes very difficult. SELECT PHOBIA
a, The shorter the interval of time between the behavior and the reward, the more likely the person will repeat it.
b, the more often a particular action of a person is rewarded, the more likely the person is to perform that same action.
Quantity means the frequency of the reward during given period of time; Value refer to the degree of the reinforcement which vary from one person to another
These first three proposition assign value to our actions as individuals seek to collect favorable outcomes.
A=pV, A means the likelihood of doing certain action, V means the value of the result, p means the probability of getting the result.
If someone is choosing one within two course of actions. The value of result of the first action is 3 unit to the person, and there is 1/3 chance to get this result. While the value of the second action is 2, but the chance to get it is 2/3. Since A1=3 multiple 1/3 which is smaller than A2=2 multiple 2/3, most people may tend to chose to emit the second action
I think this formula is displayed quite straight forward in the courtship. We seldom try to pursue the person who is out of our league even though they are “perfect” because the chance of success is often quite slim.
-Realism because of his strong ontological views, studying conceptions of reality.
-Nominalism because he believes in experiments. Have to be able to experience things with your senses in order to do an experiment.
-Materialism because of his deductive-nomological approach that states that a general law can cover all similar situations and allows for outcomes to be deduced.