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Stormwater Management. Low Impact Design (LID). What is Low Impact Design?. Strategies to allow for natural infiltration of the rainfall as much as possible Modeled after nature Man-made Functional landscape. What are the purposes of Low Impact Design (LID).

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stormwater management

Stormwater Management

Low Impact Design (LID)

what is low impact design
What is Low Impact Design?
  • Strategies to allow for natural infiltration of the rainfall as much as possible
  • Modeled after nature
  • Man-made
  • Functional landscape
what are the purposes of low impact design lid
What are the purposes of Low Impact Design (LID)
  • Infiltrate, filter, store, evaporate, and detain runoff close to it’s source
  • Decrease the impervious surfaces – lowers the runoff and increase infiltration
  • Increase natural vegetation – lowers runoff and increase infiltration
  • Bioretention areas are landscaping features adapted to provide on-site treatment of stormwater runoff
1 rain garden
1.Rain Garden
  • A type of bioretention
  • Absorbs stormwater, reduce runoff
  • Allows for the contamination to settle instead of polluting water
  • Uses native wetland plants
  • Allows for infiltration and transpiration
2 bioretention basins
2. Bioretention Basins
  • Landscaped depressions used to slow and treat stormwater
  • Water enters the basin and then moves through the system where it is treated by a number of physical, chemical and biological processes.
  • The slowed, cleaned water is allowed to infiltrate into native soils or sent to nearby stormwater drains
parts of a bioretention basin
Parts of a bioretention basin
  • 1. Grass buffer strip- slows the water down and reduces runoff
  • 2. Vegetation- Help remove water through process of transpiration
  • 3. Shallow ponding area – stores water and allows for evaporation
  • 4. Mulch- aids in pollutant filtration and reduces soil erosion
  • 5. Sand bed-allows for drainage and helps to flush out pollutants
  • 6. Underdrain system- removal of excess treated water to storm drain system or receiving waters
porous and permeable pavements
Porous and Permeable Pavements
  • Permeable roadway or parking areas allow water to flow through, replenishing soil areas directly beneath
  • Help reduce runoff rates, encourage infiltration and help filter pollutants without taking up valuable space in urban areas.
other ways to decrease impervious surfaces
Other ways to decrease Impervious surfaces
  • No sidewalks
  • No curbs
  • Narrower streets
  • All decrease the amount of runoff, and therefore decrease pollution into water
amended soils
Amended soils
  • Increase the spacing between soil particles by adding air so that the soil can infiltrate and hold more moisture
open drainage areas
Open Drainage Areas
  • A place for water to go when it runs off of an impervious surface
  • If the drainage ditch is big enough, ,most water will infiltrate instead of pooling and evaporating
rain barrels and cisterns
Rain Barrels and Cisterns
  • Collect and store rain and runoff
  • This water can later be used for such things as watering your plants, garden or cleaning your car
green roof and roof top gardens
Green roof and roof top gardens
  • A permeable vegetative surface on an impervious roof area.
  • Moss, grass, herbs, wildflowers, and native plants

Decreases runoff and allows for transpiration

downspout planters
Downspout planters

Downspout planters are connected to the roof downspout to let water flow in and are designed to slow water down from entering the sewer system.