Ethic and Morals. Deciding what is right?. Metaphysics. Rationalists: Objective Reality Knowledge is finding all properties of an object (Plato’s forms) One reality, we need to find it We are born with the ability to reason Empiricists: Subjective reality- senses tell us
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Deciding what is right?
Steps to our Moral Compass
Moral reasoning and social conventions must be justified with moral compass. Not one size fits all.
Me and You
create morality in context of our surrounding; furthermore, different groups of people ought have different moral standards for evaluating acts of right and wrong.
Universalism: (objective right)
morality is give to us and we need to live up to those rights and responsibilities. Groups of people need to live up to the moral code decided on by an outside entity (natural science, God, judge)
Thus morality becomes an objective, universal truth and each person must discover by being taught ethics
Virtue becomes acting on our best judgment and the right use of free will.
When we learn to form morality on the rules that are “general in application and universal in scope.”
“Always act in such a way that the maxim of your action can be willed as a universal law of humanity.”
Through reason we come up with maxims, or our rules
You have a personal duty to be good. There is one right. You are commanded to do this.
Morality must be based on the categorical imperative because morality is such that you are commanded by it, and is such that you cannot opt out of it or claim that it does not apply to you.
is all that matters
A wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government…
- Thomas Jefferson
To be moral, I ought to be kind to everyone
I am not kind to everyone
Therefore, I am not moral.