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Whales of the World. Whale Information. Whales belong to the order cetacea, Which includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. Whales are divided into two suborders: baleen and toothed whales. Baleen whales have a comb-like fringe, called a baleen,

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whale information
Whale Information

Whales belong to the order cetacea,

Which includes whales, dolphins and porpoises.

Whales are divided into two suborders:

baleen and toothed whales.

Baleen whales have a comb-like fringe, called a baleen,

on the upper jaw, which is used to filter plankton,

as well as small fish and crustaceans.

They are the largest species of whale.

Toothed whales have teeth and prey on fish, squid,

other whales and marine mammals.

They sense their surrounding environment

through echolocation.

whale information1
Whale Information

Like all mammals, whales breathe air into lungs, are warm-blooded, feed their young milk and have some (although very little) hair.

Their bodies resemble the streamlined form of a fish, while the forelimbs or flippers are paddle-shaped.

The tail fins, or flukes, enable whales to propel themselves through the water.

Most species of whale have a fin on their backs known as a dorsal fin.

whale information2
Whale Information

Beneath the skin lies a layer of fat called blubber. It serves as an energy reservoir and also as insulation.

Whales breathe through blowholes, located on the top of the head so the animal can remain submerged.

Baleen whales have two blowholes,

while toothed whales have one.

more whale information
More Whale Information
  • Many whales, especially baleen whales, tend to migrate long distances from their cold-water feeding grounds to warm-water breeding grounds each year. They travel alone or in groups, or pods, on their annual migrations. Toothed whales often hunt in groups, migrate together and share young-rearing duties.
  • Most whales are quite active in the water. They jump high, or breach, out of the water and land back in the water. They also thrust their tails out of the water and slap the water’s surface, which is believed to be a warning of danger nearby. Whales also communicate with each other using lyrical sounds. These sounds are extremely loud depending on the species and can be heard for many miles.
  • Because of their environment (and unlike many animals) and because they need to breathe air by coming to the water’s surface, whales are conscious breathers, meaning they decide when to breathe. All mammals sleep, including whales, but they cannot afford to fall into an unconscious state for too long, since they need to be conscious to break the surface in order to breathe
killer whale facts
Killer Whale Facts
  • You can tell an adult male from an adult female by the shape of their dorsal fin.
  • A male's fin is very tall (up to 6 feet tall) and triangular shaped. 
  • A female is shorter (3 feet) and curves back toward the dorsal fin
orca whale links
Orca Whale Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/killer-whale.html
  • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/whales/species/Orca.shtml
  • http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Animals/CreatureFeature/Orca
sperm whale facts
Sperm Whale Facts
  • Blowhole - the hole on the top of the head through which the whale breathes air.
  • Box-like head - the sperm whale's head is shaped like a box .
  • Conical teeth - the sperm whale has huge, conical teeth in the lower jaw (they fit into sockets in the upper jaw).
  • Dark grey to black skin - the thick skin covers a thick layer of blubber (fat) .
  • Ear - hearing organs located behind the eyes.
  • Eye - sight organs located on the head.
  • Fluke - one half of the wide tail.
  • Pectoral Fin - the pair of small, wide, flat forelimbs that are used for swimming.
  • Median notch - the indentation between the two flukes.
  • Hump - the sperm whale has a small hump on its back .
sperm whale links
Sperm Whale Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/sperm-whale.html
  • http://ak.aoos.org/op/eo/index.php?act=mammal_map&stage=2&name=&map=N&info=sperm_whale.php
  • http://www.teara.govt.nz/EarthSeaAndSky/SeaLife/Whales/6/ENZ-Resources/Standard/4/en
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LY59j_0WtU&feature=related
gray whale facts
Gray Whale Facts
  • GENERAL DESCRIPTION
  • The gray whale is a baleen whale (it is a filter feeder). Whalers used to call them "devilfish" because of their fierce defense they put up when hunted. They have a layer of blubber up to 10 inches (25 cm) thick. There are hairy bristles (vibrassae) on the gray whale's snout and the front of the head. These are used as tactile sensors, like cat's whiskers.
gray whale facts1
Gray Whale Facts

SWIMMING, DIVING, AND BREACHING

  • Gray whales are very agile swimmers. Gray whales can dive for up to 30 minutes and go 500 feet (155 m) deep. They can swim in even relatively shallow water without running aground. They also breach, jumping partially out of the water and falling back at an angle, splashing and making a loud noise. This may help clean off some of the encrustations of parasites (barnacles and whale lice) or in communicating with other gray whales. Spyhopping is another gray whale activity in which the whale pokes its head up to 10 feet (3 m) out of the water, turning around slowly, to take a look around.
gray whale facts2
Gray Whale Facts

SPOUTING-BREATHING

Gray whales breathe air at the surface of the water through 2 blowholes located near the top of the head. At rest, gray whales spout (breathe) 2-3 times per minute. Between deep dives they take deep breaths for about 3-5 minutes.

The spout of the gray whale is a noisy stream that rises 10-13 feet (3-4 m) above the water. It can be heard half a mile away.

gray whale links
Gray Whale Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/gray-whale.html
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMFznXz-Uh4
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RNOHi3eQr5Y
blue whale facts
Blue Whale Facts

Blue Whales are the world's largest living animal!

They have long and streamlined bodies with the

head making up a fourth of its body length.

The head region is broad and U-shaped.

Blue Whales do not have teeth.

Instead they have 270-395 plates of baleen on

either side of their jaws. Baleen look like long thin

teeth placed very close to one another. It is used

to catch small animals swimming in the water.

Once the animal is caught in the baleen the whale

eats it.

blue whale facts1
Blue Whale Facts

Color: Blue Whales are blue-gray in color with white patches covering their body. The undersides of the flippers are lighter in color, and sometimes white, while the underside of the tail is dark. In Antarctica, the North Pacific and the North Atlantic smaller organisms called diatoms attach themselves to Blue Whale's undersides. These organisms give the whales belly a yellowish-green tint.

blue whale facts2
Blue Whale Facts

Length and Weight: The average length of a Blue Whale is 75-80 feet and these long marine mammals can weigh up to 200,000 pounds. Whales in the southern hemisphere are generally larger than those in the northern hemisphere. One whale captured in the southern hemisphere measured 110 feet long. Females are usually larger than males of the same age.

blue whale facts3
Blue Whale Facts

Fins: A small triangular shaped dorsal fin is located on the whales back. This fin measures only one foot in height. The shape and size of the dorsal fin can be very different for each whale. The whale's flippers are short and the tail is broad and triangular in shape.

blue whale links
Blue Whale Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/blue-whale.
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YtC-VagE4Y
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmpPxML5zd8
fin whale facts

Fin Whale Facts

The fin whale is the second largest living creature on earth.

This whale is sometimes called the "greyhound of the sea" because of its fast swimming speed. It can swim up to 23 mph.

fin whale facts1

Fin Whale Facts

The fin whale has an asymmetrical head.

The bottom lip is dark on the left sid and white

on the right side.

Fin whales grow to be about 59 to 72 feet long and weigh about 30 to 80 tons.

The females are slightly larger than the males,

as with all baleen whales.

fin whale facts2

Fin Whale Facts

Fin whales are carnivores that filter-feed plankton and small fish from the water.

They have very fine grey-black baleen that traps very small particles of food.

Each side of the upper jaw has 350-400 baleen plates.

fin whale link
Fin Whale Link
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fDSilXugwBI
humpback whale facts
Humpback Whale Facts
  • The humpback whale is a baleen whale that sings amazing songs.
  • The humpback has a bulky head with bumpy protuberances (tubercles), each with a bristle.
  • Humpbacks are acrobats of the ocean, breaching and slapping the water. They live in pods and have 2 blowholes. The name humpback describes the motion it makes as it arches its back out of the water in preparation for a dive.
humpback whale facts1
Humpback Whale Facts
  • SIZEHumpback whales grow to be about 52 feet long, weighing 30-50 tons.
  • The females are slightly larger than males, as with all baleen whales.
humpback whale facts2
Humpback Whale Facts
  • Humpbacks come in 4 different colors, ranging from white to gray to black to mottled.
  • There are distinctive patches of white on underside of the flukes (tail). These markings are unique to each individual whale.
  • The humpback's skin is frequently scarred and may have patches covered with barnacles.
humpback whale facts3
Humpback Whale Facts
  • Humpback whales have 14-35 throat grooves that run from the chin to the navel. These grooves allow their throat to expand during the huge intake of water during filter feeding. They have small, round bumps on the front of the head (called knobs or tubercles), edging the jaws.
humpback whale facts4
Humpback Whale Facts
  • Humpbacks have huge, mottled white flippers with rough edges that are up to one-third of its body length; these are the largest flippers of any whale.
  • The flippers may have barnacles growing on them.
humpback whale facts5
Humpback Whale Facts
  • An average-sized humpback whale will eat 4,400-5,500 pounds of plankton, krill and small, schooling fish each day during the feeding season in cold waters (about 120 days). They eat twice a day.
  • The humpback whale has about 330 pairs of dark gray baleen plates with coarse gray bristles hanging from the jaws. They are about 25 inches long and 13.5 inches wide.
humpback whale facts6
Humpback Whale Facts

Humpback whales can dive for up to 30 minutes, but usually last only up to 15 minutes. Humpbacks can dive to a depth of 500-700 feet/

humpback whale facts7
Humpback Whale Facts
  • BREACHING

Humpbacks are very acrobatic, often breaching

high out of the water and then slapping the

water as they come back down. Sometimes

they twirl around while breaching. Breaching

may be purely for play or may be used to

loosen skin parasites or have some social meaning.

humpback whale facts8
Humpback Whale Facts
  • SPYHOPPING

Spyhopping is another

humpback activity in

which the whale pokes

its head out of the water

for up to 30 seconds to

take a look around.

humpback whale facts9
Humpback Whale Facts
  • LOBTAILINGHumpbacks also stick their tail out of the water into the air, swing it around, and then slap it on the water's surface; this is called lobtailing. It makes a very loud sound. The meaning or purpose of lobtailing is unknown, but may be done as a warning to the rest of the pod. Humpbacks lobtail more when the seas are rough and stormy. Slapping a fin against the surface of the water is another unexplained humpback activity.
humpback whale facts10
Humpback Whale Facts
  • Humpback whales breathe air at the surface of the water through 2 blowholes located near the top of the head. They spout (breathe) about 1-2 times per minute at rest, and 4-8 times per minutes after a deep dive. Their blow is a double stream of spray that rises 10-13 feet above the surface of the water.
humpback whale facts11
Humpback Whale Facts
  • VOCALIZATIONHumpback whales are the noisiest when it comes to songs. They have long, varied, complex, eerie, and beautiful songs that include recognizable sequences of squeaks, grunts, and other sounds. Only males have been recorded singing. They sing the complex songs only in warm waters. In cold waters, they make rougher sounds, scrapes and groans, perhaps used for locating large masses of krill (the tiny crustaceans that they eat).
humpback whale links

Humpback Whale Links

http://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/nceas-web/kids/mmp/humpback_fun.htm

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/humpback-whale.html?nav=A-Z

humpback whale links1

Humpback Whale Links

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4aCArkFMqeE&feature=related

right whale facts
Right Whale Facts
  • The right whales are baleen whales with bow-shaped lower jaw and a head that is up to one-quarter of the body length.
  • The head is hairier than most whales; up to 300 hairs are found on the tip of the lower jaw and 100 are on the upper jaw.
  • There are also a series of horny growths behind the blowhole, on the chin, above the eyes, on the lower lip, and on the rostrum (the beak-like upper jaw).
right whale facts1
Right Whale Facts
  • Right whales are rich in blubber and have 2 blowholes. The eyes are very small and lips are large.
  • The right whale's skin is usually black to dark gray with white and/or brown patches. Calves are blue to gray colored.
  • Right whales have no dorsal fin and no throat grooves. They have large flippers.
right whale links
Right Whale Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/right-whale.html?nav=A-Z
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RocVvPOYrnc&feature=related
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVX84qRrCSA
pilot whale facts
Pilot Whale Facts
  • The pilot whale has a distinct rounded head with a very slight beak and an up-curved mouth line. In males, the rounded head may protrude up to 4 inches over the lower jaw. Its body is long and stocky, narrowing along the tailstock
pilot whale facts1
Pilot Whale Facts
  • Generally all black to coal gray, the pilot whale has a white or light gray anchor-shaped patch on its ventral (bottom) surface. The short-finned pilot whale has a faint gray saddle patch behind the dorsal (top) fin.
pilot whale facts2
Pilot Whale Facts
  • Males are much larger than females. Adult males measure up to 20 feet and weigh up to 3 tons. Adult females measure up to 16 feet and weigh up to one and a half tons.
pilot whale facts3
Pilot Whale Facts
  • Feeding:The pilot whale feeds primarily on squid, although it's known to eat octopus, cuttlefish, herring and other small fish when squid is unavailable.
  • It has only 40 to 48 teeth, compared to 120 in many other dolphin species. Its teeth are used only for catching/grasping.
  • An adult pilot whale may eat up to 30 pounds per day.
pilot whale links
Pilot Whale Links
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpEsjhIG3d4&feature=related
narwhal facts
Narwhal Facts
  • THE TOOTHAll narwhals have two teeth in their upper jaw. After the first year of a male narwhal's life, its left tooth grows outward, spirally. This long, single tooth projects from its upper jaw and can grow to be 7-10 feet long. Tusks are usually twisted in a counterclockwise direction and have a hollow interior. The tusk's function is uncertain, perhaps used as a jousting weapon in dominance rivalry, in obtaining food, and/or for channeling and amplifying sonar pulses (which they emit). The tusk is not used in hunting. Long ago, narwhal sightings reinforced (or started) the unicorn legends.
narwhal facts1
Narwhal Facts
  • Narwhals can grow to be about 16 feet long (not counting the tooth), and weigh about 1.8 tons
  • Females are slightly smaller, averaging about 13 feet long, and weighing 1 ton.
  • At birth, narwhals are about 5 feet long and 175 pounds.
narwhal facts2
Narwhal Facts
  • SKIN AND SHAPETheir skin, is bluish-gray with white blotches (young narwhals are brown).
  • Narwhals have a cylindrical body (with no dorsal fin) and a round head with a small mouth on their blunt snout.
  • This compact body shape plus a thick layer of blubber retains heat in the icy Arctic waters in which they live.
narwhal links
Narwhal Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/narwhal.html?nav=A-Z
  • http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/animals/mammals-animals/dolphins-and-porpoises/narwhals.html
bottlenose facts
Bottlenose Facts
  • The Atlantic bottlenose dolphins are small cetaceans that have a long, beaklike snout, a falcate (sickle-shaped) dorsal fin, and sharp teeth.
  • They are Odontoceti (toothed whales) and have one blowhole.
  • These dolphins live in small groups called pods.
bottlenose facts1
Bottlenose Facts
  • SIZEThe bottlenose dolphin grows to be at most 12 feet long, sometimes weighing more than 1,400 pounds. Most are smaller than this.
  • SHAPE AND FINSBottlenose Dolphins have stream-lined bodies and a rounded head with a distinctive beak. They have a tall, falcate (sickle-shaped) dorsal fin and broad, slightly pointed flippers.
bottlenose facts2
Bottlenose Facts
  • DIET AND TEETHBottlenose dolphins are hunters that fish mostly at the surface of the water, eating mostly fish and squid . They have many pairs of sharp, pointed teeth distributed in both the upper and lower jaws.
  • PREDATORS OF DOLPHINSSome sharks (including tiger sharks, dusky sharks and bull sharks) and orcas will prey upon dolphins. Dolphins are also often trapped in people's fishing nets.
bottlenose facts3
Bottlenose Facts
  • SPOUTING - BREATHINGDolphins breathe air at the surface of the water through a single blowhole located near the top of the head. They need to breathe about every 2 minutes, but can hold their breath for several minutes. Their blow is a single, explosive cloud. SPEEDDolphins are very fast swimmers.
bottlenose facts4
Bottlenose Facts
  • The dolphin's tail is so powerful it can push the dolphin straight up out of the water.
  • Dolphins often push themselves out of the water (jump). The reason they do this is to take a breath of air. That way the dolphin does not need to slow down in the water.
bottlenose links
Bottlenose Links
  • http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Animals/CreatureFeature/Bottlenose-dolphin
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bottlenose-dolphin.html
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ptXCHwdzB_g&feature=related
beluga whales
Beluga Whales
  • The beluga whale is a small, toothed whale that is white as an adult.
  • The beluga's body is stout and has a small, blunt head with a small beak, tiny eyes, thick layers of blubber, and a rounded melon.
  • They have one blowhole.
  • Beluga means "white one" in Russian.
beluga whale1
Beluga Whale
  • Beluga whales grow to be about 15 feet long on average, weighing up to about 3,300 pounds. Males are slightly larger than females.
  • Belugas are toothed whales with 34 teeth. The teeth are not designed for chewing, but for grabbing and tearing prey. They swallow their prey whole, eating a varied diet of fish, squid , and worms. They are both bottom and oceanic feeders (in shallow water). Belugas sometimes hunt schools of fish cooperatively in small groups. An adult beluga will eat or 50 pounds of food a day, or more.
beluga whale links
Beluga Whale Links
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/beluga-whale.html
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JuBGnfaDLX8&feature=related