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Video Conferencing Certification OARNet Dr. Bob Dixon Megan Crabb, Arif Khan, John Langkals, Gabe Moulton Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio January 8-9, 2002 Presentation Rules: Interruptions are REQUIRED ! Why are the slides big and bold and boring?

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slide1

Video Conferencing Certification

OARNet

Dr. Bob Dixon

Megan Crabb, Arif Khan, John Langkals, Gabe Moulton

Ohio State University

Columbus, Ohio

January 8-9, 2002

slide2

Presentation Rules:

Interruptions are REQUIRED !

Why are the slides big and bold and boring?

And why are some of the slides “different”?

slide3

Course Syllabus

Tuesday - Bob talks.

Megan, Arif, John, Gabe kabitz.

You interrupt.

Tuesday evening -

Bob, Megan, Arif, John, Gabe

help you “Make it so!”.

Wednesday -

Megan, Arif, John, Gabe talk.

Bob kabitzes.

You interrupt.

the internet2 commons
The Internet2 Commons
  • A large-scale, Distributed Collaborative Environment for the Research and Education Community
  • A vision:
    • for enabling one-to-one, one-to-group, and group-to-group collaboration
    • in support of personal communications, meetings, conferences, and teaching and learning
    • for Internet2 members (primary and sponsored) and their international counterparts
the internet2 commons5
The Internet2 Commons
  • Levels of Participation
    • Non-Internet2 Organizations
    • Internet2 Member Organizations
    • Internet2 Member Sponsored Organizations
  • Requirements for Participation
    • Member organization to fill out Web-based form
    • If organization has gatekeeper, fill out ViDeNet form
    • Follow relevant standards
    • Provide any performance-critical network upgrades
    • Designate a site coordinator
the internet2 commons6
The Internet2 Commons
  • Initial Commons Management Team
    • Team Leader: Ted Hanss, Internet2
    • Operations: Bob Dixon, Ohio State University
    • Research and Development: Tyler Johnson, University of North Carolina
    • Outreach: Mary Trauner, Georgia Institute of Technology
    • International Coordination: Egon Verharen, SURFnet
    • DV-Videoconferencing Subcommittee Chair: Larry Amiot, Northwestern University
slide7

About this course…..

This course cannot cover all you need to know

In 2 days.

But it covers MOST things.

By completing this course satisfactorily, you will be a

certified OARNet site coordinator.

But you are still responsible for learning the remaining

topics on your own.

slide8

Site Coordinator Requirements

Officially defined on Internet2 web site.

Have personal hardware client

Have adequate assigned time for duties

Have required knowledge and experience

Be or work with the VideNet Zone Administrator

Support ALL campus users

Provide campus training and advice

Certify all local users and equipment

Participate in email list (s)

Maintain user directory

Schedule multipoint conferences

Keep records

Contact the NOC for support

slide9

Video Conferencing

Video Broadcasting

vs

Video Conferencing

Like a telephone call

Two - Way

Call up or Answer

Video Broadcasting

Like watching Television

One - Way

Tune In or enter URL

Streaming

Webcasting

slide10

Internet Unicast Video Broadcasting

Minnesota

New York

Internet

Colorado

Ohio

slide11

Internet Multicast Video Broadcasting

Minnesota

New York

Internet

Colorado

Ohio

slide12

Minnesota

New York

Internet

Colorado

Ohio

Internet Point-to-Point

Videoconferencing

slide13

Minnesota

New York

Colorado

Ohio

Internet Multipoint

Videoconferencing

Internet

MCU

slide14

Use in special room; rare

Use anywhere; ubiquitous

Uses ISDN telephone lines

Uses Internet

High installation cost

Low installation cost

High usage cost

No usage cost

Scheduled in advance

Impromptu

Do-it-yourself

Professional operator

Centralized control

Decentralized control

Two Types of Video Conferencing

Traditional Internet

Usage at plateau

Usage growing rapidly

H.320 standard H.323 standard

slide15

Requirements for Good Quality

Desktop Internet Videoconferencing

1. Fast PC. 300 MHz minimum. 450 MHz best.

2. Good quality video conferencing equipment.

Forget “web cameras”.

Forget software like Netmeeting.

3. GOOD Internet connection.

Most large university networks are good.

Forget 56K modem dial-in.

Cable modems and DSL are possible.

slide16

Video Conferencing Products

1. Software-based

Generally slow and non-standard; not very satisfactory.

Examples: Microsoft NetMeeting, White Pine CUSeeMe.

2. Hardware-based, plug into PC USB Port.

Newest approach; will become ubiquitous

Examples: Polycom ViaVideo, VCON ViGo.

3. Hardware-based, PCI-bus cards install inside PC.

Added features and controls, beyond USB systems.

Examples: Zydacron Z340, VCON Escort 25.

4. Hardware-based, standalone, no PC involved.

Easiest to use, best quality.

Examples: Polycom Viewstation 128, VCON Falcon

slide17

Recommended Equipment for

Video Conferencing

Desktop and Laptop:

Polycom ViaVideo - cost $400

Also requires PC

Classroom and conference room:

Polycom Viewstation - model 128 - Cost $4000

Also requires TV monitor or projector

slide18

Where to buy Video Conferencing Equipment

Scott Dalton

SKC Communication Products

8320 Hedge Lane Terrace

Shawnee Mission, KS 66227

800-882-7779

scott.dalton@skccom.com

slide19

H.323 Video Components

Local H.320

Video Room

VIU

Gatekeeper

Gateway

Existing PC

Codec Card

Internet

Multipoint

Control Unit

Remote H.320

Video Rooms

ISDN Telephone

Lines

slide20

Multipoint Control Unit (MCU)

1. Allows more than two people to be in a video conference.

2. May be physically located anywhere on Earth.

3. Functions as an Internet server for video conferencing.

4. Every person’s audio is always heard by all others.

5. Video from the person who talks loudest is seen by all.

6. Various brands have various capacities and features.

7. Multiple MCUs may be cascaded together

for larger video conferences. Or used separately

for more simultaneous video conferences.

slide21

Hardware

vs

Software

Multipoint Control Units:

Hardware (Dedicated, Real-Time Operating System)

Generally work well.

RADVision (and aliases Madge and CISCO)

Lucent

Accord

Software (Windows NT Operating System in a PC)

Usually do not work well.

White Pine

PictureTel

slide22

Important Administrative Topics

Continuous presence

Video switching algorithms

Testing endpoints in advance

slide23

MCU Control Functions

Defining a conference

speed

number of users

multiple windows

Operating a conference

dial out

dial in

Monitoring a conference

Monitoring an MCU

Cascading MCUs

slide24

Recommended MCUs

RADVision MCU-323

9 ports at 384K.

$18K

Small and simple; includes gatekeeper.

RADVision ViaIP

50 ports at 384K

$150K

Powerful and reliable; ECS gatekeeper

Accord/Polycom NGK

48 ports at 384K

$450K

Many advanced features; no gatekeeper

slide25

Commons MCU Test Facility

All three recommended MCUs are available

for testing and discussion.

Both remote and on-site testing.

Useful for evaluations and your own purchases.

slide26

Live Demonstration of all three MCUs

Web interface

Telnet interface

PC Interface

slide27

What is a Gateway

  • A gateway connects an end point using one network and/or protocol to an end point using a different network and/or protocol.
  • Examples:
    • ISDN to IP or ATM (H.320 to H.323 or H.321)
    • ISDN or IP to MPEG (H.32X to MPEG)
slide28

Gateway (GW)

1. Joins H.320 ISDN video calls with H.323 Internet

video calls.

2. Calls may be initiated from either side.

3. May be physically located anywhere on Earth.

4. Various brands have various capacities and features.

5. Multiple gateways may be used for more simultaneous

calls.

slide29

Gateway (GW)

Specific example: RADVision L2W-323

1. Up to 4 simultaneous video calls; 384K each.

2. Built-in telnet server. Provides optional remote

control and monitoring.

3. Customizable voice response.

4. PC remote configuration software. Provides parameter

settings and software updates.

5. Cost about $5K plus $1500/2BRI and $800/2V.35

slide30

Examples of Gateways

  • Build-It-Yourself Gateway
  • Gateway In A Box
  • Gateway Feature of the MCU
slide31

Build-It-Yourself Gateway

audio

MPEG

codec

I2 or IP

H.323

ATM

MPEG

H.323

codec

(could be ISDN H.320, etc.)

video

slide32

Build-It-Yourself Gateway

  • Pros
    • Cost savings for low usage, uses codecs that may be already available.
    • Can be on a router or patch bay so codecs can be easily repurposed for classroom use when not performing gateway functions.
    • Useful for non-H.32X networks such as MPEG
slide33

Build-It-Yourself Gateway

  • Cons
    • Needs operator for outgoing calls.
    • No far-end camera control translation, hangup, etc.
    • No T.120 translation, must use alternative, such as web conference to collaborate.
slide34

PSTN

ISDN

ATM

IP

Gateway In A Box

H.324

H.320

Gateway

H.323

H.321

slide35

Gateway In A Box

  • Pros
    • Protocol interworking of control and media streams between an H.Series end point with another H.Series end point or voice band end point.
    • Incoming and outgoing call support using Gatekeeper to translate phone number.
    • Far end camera control may be supported.
    • T.120 supported if end points support, else use web.
    • GK and GW are often in the same box for easy management.
slide36

Gateway In A Box

  • Cons
    • Limited products available supporting translation to non-H.32X networks, such as MPEG or analog.
    • Non-H.32X often requires a custom chassis configuration, as used on Wisconsin’s K-12 Motion-JPEG network to gateway to H.32X.
slide37

PSTN

ISDN

ATM

IP

Gateway Featureof the MCU with transcoding

H.324

H.320

MCU

H.323

H.321

slide38

Gateway Featureof the MCU with transcoding

  • Pros
    • Operator or automated support for incoming and outgoing calls.
    • Simplified management of multipoint conference with end points using different H.32X codecs.
    • T.120 supported if end points support, or else use web conferencing.
slide39

Gateway Featureof the MCU with transcoding

  • Cons
    • May need to replace legacy MCU
    • Or upgrade existing MCU to support gateway and/or transcoding functions.
slide40

OARNet Gateway Services

H.323 Internet

H.320 ISDN

H.321 ATM

slide41

Video Interface Unit (VIU)

1. Connects an existing H.320 video conferencing room

to the Internet, as an H.323 station.

2. Must be located in or near the video conferencing room.

3. Multiple VIUs can be used with multiple room systems.

slide42

Video Interface Unit (VIU)

Specific example: RADVision VIU-323

1. Built-in telnet server. Provides optional remote control

and monitoring.

2. PC configuration software. Provides parameter settings

and software updates.

3. Maximum speed 384K.

4. May be a unique product, available nowhere else.

5. Cost about $3.7K

slide43

Gatekeeper (GK)

1. Controls all MCUs, gateways, VIUs and clients in its

“zone”. A zone is any collection of H.323 devices

you choose to work closely together. The devices may

be physically located anywhere on Earth.

2. All H.323 devices must “register” with a gatekeeper,

before they can do very much.

3. There can be only one active gatekeeper in a zone.

4. May be physically located anywhere on Earth.

5. May be physically located in an MCU, a gateway, a router,

or a PC. But it is independent of them.

6. Multiple gatekeepers may be “neighbors” of each other,

in different zones.

slide44

Gatekeeper (GK)

(continued)

7. Provides calling with “telephone numbers”

and nicknames, instead of IP addresses.

A gatekeeper is analogous to a domain name server,

in this sense.

8. Provides optional control of what each user can do:

bandwidth and speed limits

access to gateways, VIUs and MCUs

9. Note that calls DO NOT go THROUGH a Gatekeeper.

slide45

Gatekeeper (GK)

Specific example: RADVision embedded gatekeeper

1. Runs in a RADVision MCU or gateway.

2. PC configuration software. Provides parameter

setting, remote monitoring and user definition and

control.

3. Built-in telnet server. Provides optional monitoring

and remote control.

4. 100 simultaneous registrants and 30 simultaneous calls.

5. Free !

h 323 gk
H.323 GK
  • Necessary for operation - but not mandatory in H.323
  • Required functions:
    • Address translation and/or redirection
    • Call admission/authorization
  • Some (coarse) bandwidth management
    • Centralized point for resource reservation
basic operation
Basic Operation
  • Endpoints register with gatekeeper to provide mapping between physical address and alias/E.164 address
  • Endpoint asks gatekeeper for permission to place call to another endpoint
  • Endpoint signals call with other endpoint
  • Endpoints exchange media
  • Endpoints disconnect, notify gatekeeper
gatekeeper functionality
Gatekeeper Functionality
  • 'Services Definition' describes the various services (multipoint conferences, h.320 gateways, call forwarding, etc.) that are available on the network.
  • 'Zone Definition' provides a mechanism for describing users on the network in the local zone.
  • 'Neighbor Gatekeepers' provides a way to define other distant gatekeepers (for example, at other campuses), so that users can make 'long distance' calls.
  • 'Network Topology' provides a way to describe topology on the local zone. For example, a local zone may include several high bandwidth LANs interconnected with lower speed T1 circuits.
  • 'Network Control' provides functions for setting global network parameters, such as overall network bandwidth dedicated to H.323 conferencing.
network control functions
Network Control Functions:
  • Can anyone teleconference or only users that have established accounts?
  • Does the network use DHCP, forcing authentication by alias?
  • What is the maximum bandwidth allowed for each user?
  • What is the maximum total bandwidth on the network?
gk services
GK Services
  • Services that are defined in the gatekeeper match those defined on the individual devices (e.g. MCU) and define the set of all services potentially available on the network. Services are defined by dialing prefix. The prefix also provides a 'hook' to the services' host device.
  • E.G. Dialing prefix 72* allows a user to hook into a particular MCU service.
direct v routed operation
Direct v Routed Operation
  • The gatekeeper may allow calls to be placed directly between endpoints or it may route the call signaling through itself to perform functions such as follow-me/find-me, forward on busy, etc.
neighbor gatekeepers table
Neighbor Gatekeepers Table
  • Means of determining location of an endpoint which is registered in a different zone
  • The neighbor GK table makes GK’s aware of each other
  • Each GK has a configurable “zone prefix” (i.e. area code)
  • I2 Commons users dial “out of zone” by dialing: 0 + neighbor GK zone prefix + terminal’s ext.
neighbor arrangements
Neighbor arrangements
  • Full Mesh: every GK must be aware of every other GK (not scalable)
  • Hierarchical: each GK must only know about the GK immediately above and below it. Multiple LRQ forwards are necessary.
the i2 commons vide gk plan
The I2 Commons (ViDe) GK Plan
  • A special “Master” GK that knows about all the other ViDe GK’s (this one can have a 1000 neighbors, wow!)
  • Master GK has no endpoints, only neighbors
  • Zone administrators need only (must only) neighbor with the Master.
    • Only neighboring with the Master eliminates possibility of endpoint name conflicts in LRQ.
  • Eliminates the “full mesh” mess.
i2 commons out of zone dialing long distance calls
I2 Commons Out of Zone Dialing (Long Distance Calls)
  • Z: ViDeNet Master Gatekeeper Exit Zone Prefix (0) This value is assigned by ViDe and will be the digit ‘0.’
  • N: Zone Prefix. This is the “area code” that identifies each zone.
  • D: Delimiter. This value is assigned by ViDe and signifies the end of the N string. This allows for N to be of variable length and supports future expansion of ViDeNet. The delimiter will be the digit ‘9.’
  • X: Extension. This is the H.323 E.164 extension of the endpoint and is assigned by the zone administrator.
  • E.G. UWM calls IU by dialing: 0 55018406909 5678
slide59

Current H.323 Dialing Plan

Join ViDeNet - www.vide.net

Free

The collective effort to standardize dialing plans

and gatekeeper neighboring.

slide60

Univ Calif. Santa Barbara

Students and Professor

Santa Barbara, CF

Ohio State Univ

MCU

Columbus, OH

Purdue Univ

Students and Professor

West Lafayette, IN

Univ Southern Calif.

Students and Professor

Los Angeles, CF

Application: College Course

Argonne National Lab

Technical Control

Chicago, IL

Univ of Illinois

Students and Professor

Champaign/Urbana, IL

application telemedicine
Application: Telemedicine

Consultation

2-Way, Real-Time

Interaction

Operating Room

Instruction

slide62

Ohio State Univ

Professor Lecturer

Columbus, OH

Application: Guest Lecturer

in College Course

Lafayette College

Students and Professor

Easton, PA

slide63

Application: Press Conference

with remote VIP

State Govt Building

Press and VIPs

Columbus, OH

Research Laboratory

Visiting VIP

Germany

slide64

Barbershop Quartet Geography

Alaska

(Lead)

North Dakota

(Baritone)

New York

(Tenor)

Internet

Georgia

(Conductor

and

Audience)

Texas

(Bass)

slide65

How can I test my equipment

or just try this out?

Connect your H.323 client to the “Free Love”

MCU at Ohio State University.

To do so, set your gatekeeper address to

128.146.199.52.

Set your speed to 384K.

Dial 70*1234 .

slide66

Satellite-based Internet Connectivity

Small (2x3 feet) portable dish

$4K installed + $1.5K/month max.

2 Mbits down, 512 Kbits up, guaranteed.

Today: 30 tribal and minority colleges

2002: expand to 90

2002: Appalachia

Africa

mobile

slide67

Useful References

1. Educause Quarterly tutorial article

www. educause.edu/pub/eq/eqm00/eqm004.html

2. The Video Conferencing Cookbook, and other

materials at

http://vide.utk.edu

3. The Megaconference

http://www.mega-net.net/megaconference