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The Religious Use of Drugs. Chapter 5: Lehmann et al Drugs by Francis Huxley Ritual Enemas by Furst & Coe On the Peyote Road by Mike Kiyaani. The Religious Use of Drugs. In the West Non-Western Societies Bates Definition: “almost all materials taken for other than nutritional reasons”

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the religious use of drugs

The Religious Use of Drugs

Chapter 5: Lehmann et al

Drugsby Francis Huxley

Ritual Enemasby Furst & Coe

On the Peyote Roadby Mike Kiyaani

the religious use of drugs2
The Religious Use of Drugs
  • In the West
  • Non-Western Societies
  • Bates Definition: “almost all materials taken for other than nutritional reasons”
    • Every culture has an inventory
    • Western uses
    • Shamans
    • Situational variation of effects
religious use of drugs
Religious Use of Drugs
  • Substance + environment + context/setting
  • Tea, Mate, LSD
  • Mescal, Peyote, Marijuana & Hashish
  • Shamanistic power
    • Shamanistic treatment
drugs

Drugs

By Francis Huxley

drugs6
Drugs
  • Homo Medicans
  • Artificial Paradises
  • Drug Problem
  • Various Types of Ethnic Plants
    • Mexico
    • Brazil
    • Andean Region
the religious use of drugs7
The Religious Use of Drugs
  • Man as a discontented animal
  • Human Nature
  • Unsatisfied or unbalanced state of mind
  • Drugs effects = shamanistic methods
    • Tobacco
    • Giddiness
    • Drug problem
    • Purpose of a ritual setting
    • Dogmatic plan within the imagination
    • Events: Social psychological physical Spiritual
    • S.E. Asia shamans use of opium
a pact with the devil
Addict as possessed

Lost his/her soul

Drugs for meditation

Jena Cocteau – Opium

Black Magic

Freud

Central Reasons

“A Pact with the Devil”
separating mind from body
Separating Mind from Body
  • Kogi of Colombia
    • Male impotency
    • Gain immortality
  • In the Andes
    • Coca use
    • Unpleasant withdrawals
attacking the self
Attacking the Self
  • Hallucinogenic
  • Plant Types: Banisteria, Amanita, & Datura
    • Reactions
    • Banisteria
      • South America
    • Amanita
      • Viking
      • Shamanic & drug experiences
      • “Bad trip”
drug of the aztec
Drug of the Aztec
  • Peyote’s Power
  • A sacrament to the Native American Church
  • Used by
    • Aztecs
    • Tarahumara
    • Huichol
      • Adopted by Plain Indians
the search for power
The Search for Power
  • West Drug Problem
  • Drugs for search of power
  • Drug as god
    • Opium
    • Tobacco
    • Wine & beer
    • “Gift of Nature & a Morality of its Own”
ritual enemas

Ritual Enemas

By Michael Coe

ritual enemas14
Ritual Enemas
  • Types of drugs
    • Hallucinogenic mushrooms
    • Morning glories
    • Intoxicating enemas
    • S. American rubber-tree sap
during the conquest
During the Conquest
  • Spanish were shocked with Indigenous alcoholic beverages and hallucinogenic plants. (viewed as demons)
  • Pulque was used as an enema
  • Aztec priests used peyote for rituals
  • Seeds of white-flowered morning glory (LSD)
  • Aztecs called mushrooms teonanacatl (God’s flesh)
    • Used for divination and healing even now in Oaxaca
the maya
The Maya
  • Maya use of intoxicating plants
  • Bonanpak mural paintings showing fierce battles
  • Various names for mushrooms
  • Ritual use of intoxicating enemas
    • Old world focus was to clear bowels/healing
    • Enemas:
      • speed intoxication process
      • Reduce side effects (like an I.V.)
      • Still practiced today in the Sierra Madre Occidental (W. Mexico).
peyote way on the peyote road

Peyote Way & On the Peyote Road

By Mike Kiyaani & Thomas J Csordas

the peyote way
The Peyote Way
  • The Peyote Religion
    • Peyote & Origin
    • 250,000 American Indians
    • Peyote as a sacrament- inspiration for personal dignity, respect for nature and others
    • Roadman
    • 1940- 1966 illegal
    • 1994 officially legal
    • Use protected for its importance in
      • Healing
      • Spirituality
      • identity
the peyote rite
The Peyote Rite
  • Peyote Rite
    • 5 people officiate the rite
    • Eat Peyote
      • Fresh whole plant
      • Dried top of plant
      • Infusion of peyote
    • Myth
      • Uses
        • Illnesses (vomit effect)
        • Knowledge (supernatural experience)
teachings of peyote
Teachings of Peyote
  • Heightens individual’s sensibility
  • Confession to God
  • Mental telepathy
  • Revelation, vision
  • Physiological Effects
    • Cure illnesses, reduces fatigue, increases sensitivity to relevant stimuli.
    • Exclusiveness/ secluded
    • Should it be only for the Indians and NOT the “White People”?