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Self-Concept. Dr. Aubrey H. Fine. Starlight Express. ...Only you have the power within you. Just believe in yourself, the sea will part before you. Stop the rain, turn the tide. If only you use the power within you, You needn’t beg the world to turn around and help you.

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self concept

Self-Concept

Dr. Aubrey H. Fine

slide4
...Only you have the power within you.
  • Just believe in yourself, the sea will part before you.
  • Stop the rain, turn the tide.
  • If only you use the power within you,
  • You needn’t beg the world to turn around and help you.
  • If you draw on what you have within you
  • Somewhere deep inside…
    • I AM THE STARLIGHT
      • Starlight Express
slide5

I CAN

I can handle it

I can handle it

I can handle it

I can handle it

I can handle it

I can handle it

slide6

I CAN

I can’t handle it

I can’t handle it

I can’t handle it

I can’t handle it

I can’t handle it

I can’t handle it

the greatest evil that can befall man is that he should come to think evil of himself

“The greatest evil that can befall man is that he should come to think evil of himself.”

– Goethe

the builder
The Builder

I saw them tearing a building down

A team of men in my hometown.

With a heave and a ho and a yes yes yell,

They swung a beam and a sidewall fell.

And I said to the foreman, “Are these men skilled?”

“Like the ones you’d use if you had to build?”

And he laughed and said, “Oh no, indeed…

The most common labor is all I need…

For I can destroy in a day or two

What takes a builder then years to do.”

So I thought to myself as I went on my way…

Am I one who is tearing down as I carelessly make my way around?

Or am I one who builds with care, in order to make the world a

Little better…because I was there?

characteristics of risk individuals
Characteristics of Risk Individuals
  • Weak perception of personal capabilities
  • Weak perception of personal significance
  • Weak perception of personal influence
inadequate intra personal skills self assessment
Inadequate Intra-Personal Skills (Self-Assessment)
  • Inadequate inter-personal skills (dialogue, communication)
  • Inadequate systemic skills (responsibility, adaptability, etc.)
  • Inadequate judgmental skills (applying learned knowledge, wisdom)
learned helplessness defined

Learned helplessness results when a person expects that important events or outcomes in his/her life are independent of his or her own responding. [In other words, when the things that matter to a person are felt to be beyond that person’s control, then she/he becomes a victim of learned helplessness.]

Learned Helplessness Defined

three broad effects of helplessness
Three Broad Effects of Helplessness
  • Reduces people’s motivation to control outcomes – becoming passive recipients.
  • Interferes with a person’s ability to learn that he/she can control outcomes.
  • May produce levels of depression.
locus of control

A child’s perception of who is responsible for one’s success of failure in a particular achievement area.

Locus of Control

internal vs external
Internal vs. External
  • Internal – those who feel they control their reinforcements.
  • External – those who perceive their outcomes to be independent of their responses.
cognitive attribution theories
Cognitive Attribution Theories
  • Assumes that people’s perceptions of the causes of their success and failures influence the quality of their future achievement.
failure avoiding

Failure Avoiding

Ascribe successful to external factors (e.g. luck)

Ascribe failure to inability

motivated to approach success
Motivated to Approach Success
  • Attribute success to ability
  • Attribute failure to lack of effort
attribution theory
Attribution Theory
  • Investigate person’s perceptions of causes
    • Factors
      • Informational causes
      • History of successes or failures
      • Reinforcement history
      • Feedback
  • The allocation of responsibility influences subsequent behaviors
factors contributing to negative motivation

Factors Contributing to Negative Motivation

  • School / Home environment
  • The Parent Teacher
  • The child
  • The classroom environment
  • Evaluation system
major perceived causes for achievement performance

Major Perceived Causes for Achievement Performance

Ability

Effort

Luck

Task Ease / Difficulty

understanding your explanatory style to your behavior

Understanding Your Explanatory Style to Your Behavior

  • Three dimensions to investigate
    • Permanence
    • Pervasiveness
    • Personalization
slide24

OPTISISM

VS.

PESSIMISM

slide28

Pessimism produces a level of inertia rather than activity in the face of setbacks. Pessimism just like optimism is self-fulfilling. Pessimists don’t persist in the face of challenges, and therefore fail more frequently.

slide30
Depression and a sense of helplessness occurs as a result of a lifelong series of habits and conscious thought.
ramifications of success and failure
Ramifications of Success and Failure

Success

Failure

  • Frustration - Perceived Incompetence
  • Avoidance - Negative Responses from Others
  • Aggression

“Demoralization Syndrome”

Success

Failure

  • Positive External Response
  • Increased Internal Motivation
  • Enhanced Perceived Competence
  • Risk Taking
slide32

ABILITY

PERFORMANCE

EFFORT

SELF-ESTEEM (PERSON)

the three magic ingredients of self esteem

The Three Magic Ingredients of Self-Esteem

  • Belonging
  • Feeling competent
  • Feeling worthwhile
the three major ingredients to successful relationships

The Three Major Ingredients to Successful Relationships

Dignity, Respect, Communication

- Democratic living is based on mutual respect.

the difficulty of being a risk taker
The Difficulty of Being A Risk Taker

The Empty Glass vs. the Full Glass

three critical beliefs
Three Critical Beliefs
  • I am a capable person who can change if I choose.
  • My life is significant. (I must realize I’m important).
  • I must discover that I have the power within.
helpful beliefs
HELPFUL BELIEFS
  • Beliefs That Help Children Lead More Effective and Healthy Lives
belief 2 failure is an event not a person
Belief 2: Failure is an event, not a person.

Mistakes are O.K., one can turn them into lessons

where a person s treasure lies the heart will be

“Where a person’s treasure lies, the heart will be.”

A person’s uniqueness is his/her treasure

what children need for empowerment

Dignity…Respect

    • Self-affirmation of dreams
  • Dreams and a commitment can change the world

What Children Need for Empowerment

guidelines in enhancing motivation in children

Guidelines in Enhancing Motivation in Children

Reduce social comparison

Increase involvement in learning

Focus on effort

Promote beliefs in competence

Increase chances for success

principles for enhancing self concept in children

Principles for Enhancing Self Concept in Children

Listen to and acknowledge children’s thoughts and feelings

Help children experience success

Give children reasonable control over their lives

Demonstrate to children that they’re lovable and capable

“Model” a health and positive self concept

increase chances for success

Increase Chances for Success

  • Provide skill training
  • Use peer tutoring
  • Use cooperative team learning
  • Use individualized instruction
  • Teach self control
  • Teach and promote positive self talk
the man in the glass
The Man in the Glass

When you get what you want in your struggle for self

And the world makes you king for a day,

Just go to the mirror and look at yourself

And see what that man has to say

For it isn’t your father or mother or wife

Whose judgment upon you must pass

The fellow whose verdict counts most in your life

Is the one staring back from the glass

You may be like Jack Horner and chisel a plum

And think you’re a wonderful guy.

But the man in the glass says you’re only a bum

If you can’t look him straight in the eye.

You may fool the whole world down the pathway of years

And get pats on the back as you pass.

But your final reward will be heartache and tears

If you’ve cheated the man in the glass.

He’s the fellow to please – never mind all the rest,

For he’s with you clear to the end.

And you’ve passed your most dangerous, difficult test

If the man in the glass is your friend.

~ Author Unknown