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review 2. American Demography & Immigration. Nascent Immigration The Slave Trade South Southwest Old Immigration New Immigration Newest Immigration Current Immigration.

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american demography immigration
American Demography & Immigration
  • Nascent Immigration
  • The Slave Trade South Southwest
  • Old Immigration
  • New Immigration
  • Newest Immigration
  • Current Immigration
some basic concepts4
Some Basic Concepts

4 Key Questions

  • What is the nature of inter-group relations in multiethnic societies?
  • How are the various ethnic groups ranked and what are consequences of that ranking system?
  • How does the dominant group maintain its place and how do subordinate groups attempt to change that?
  • What are the long-range outcomes of ethnic inter-relations?
some basic concepts5
Some Basic Concepts

Ethnic Groups

  • Unique cultural Traits
  • Sense of Community
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Ascribed Membership
  • Territoriality
some basic concepts6
Some Basic Concepts
  • As a Biological Notion
  • As a Social Construct
  • In the Ideology of Racism


ethnic stratification
Ethnic Stratification

Dominant Groups

Political, Economic, and Cultural Dominance

Middleman Minorities

Minority Groups

Differential Treatment

Social Definition

Differential Power

Categorical Nature

Sociological and Numerical Meanings

ethnic stratification8
Ethnic Stratification
  • Conquest
  • Annexation
  • Voluntary Immigration
  • Involuntary Immigration

Forms of Contact

prejudice and discrimination
Prejudice and Discrimination
  • Prejudice Stereotypes Social Distance
  • DiscriminationIndividual Institutional Structural
assimilation and pluralism
Assimilation and Pluralism
  • Manner of Entrance
  • Time of Entrance
  • Demographic Factors
  • Cultural Similarity
  • Visibility

Factors Affecting Assimilation

assimilation and pluralism11
Assimilation and Pluralism


  • Cultural Assimilation
  • Structural Assimilation
  • Biological Assimilation
  • Psychological Assimilation
assimilation and pluralism12
Assimilation and Pluralism

Types of Pluralism

  • Equalitarian PluralismAmerican Case Non-American Cases
  • Inequalitarian PluralismCompetitive Race Relations Internal Colonialism Annihilation or Expulsion
assimilation and pluralism13

Assimilation and Pluralism

Typology of Multiethnic Societies

Colonial Societies

Corporate Pluralistic Societies

Assimilationist Societies

See Figure 4.1 and Table 4.2

historical context
Historical Context
  • Manner of Entry and Racial Status
  • Development
  • Mexican-Americans conquest/annexation voluntary immigration-economic push-pull
  • Puerto Ricans voluntary immigration- - economic push-pull and relative political ease
  • Cubans involuntary immigration-early political push voluntary immigration-economic push-pull
demographics today
Demographics Today
  • Population-young, rapidly growing, continuing migration and high birth rate
  • Geography
  • Mexican-Americans-Southwest and dispersed
  • Puerto Ricans-New York +
  • Cubans-Miami, Florida +
  • Others-the same major metropolitan areas
socioeconomic status
Socioeconomic Status
  • Income and Wealth
  • Occupation
  • Education
  • Special Cuban Case-institutional completeness
  • Outlook
political power
Political Power
  • Mexican-Americans increasingly influential
  • Puerto Ricans limited extent
  • Cubans dominant force
  • Outlook
demography today
Demography Today
  • Population-13% of America
  • Diversity-involuntary and voluntary immigrants
  • Geographical Patterns-urban
  • Economic Status

Occupation-5.2 unemployment vs 10.8

Education-89 vs 80 and 30 vs 17

  • Class or Race?
  • Societal Power

Political Power-mixed and very local

Economic Power-less than political

prejudice and discrimination21
Prejudice and Discrimination
  • Formation of Ghettos-own preference or discrimination?
  • Residential Segregation-dominative vs aversive?
  • Changes in Racial Attitudes-surveys
  • Stereotypes and Social Distance-racial liberalism
  • Attitudes and Actions-ambivalence in action
  • Contrasting Views

of Socioeconomic Gap-own shortcomings or discrimination?

of Problems and Solutions-mopping up or deeply rooted?

assimilation or pluralism
Assimilation or Pluralism
  • Assimilation


Structural-secondary only

Assimilation Model-very slow, unstable family?

Assimilation and Visibility

  • Inequalitarian Pluralistic Model

-internal colonial model

immigration and settlement
Immigration and Settlement
  • First Wave



  • Second Wave




Asian Indians


  • Demographics Today
in the class system
In the Class System
  • Socioeconomic Status




  • Ethnic and Class Factors in Upward Mobility
  • Political Power
prejudice and discrimination26
Prejudice and Discrimination
  • The ‘Yellow Peril’
  • Japanese Internment
  • In the Modern Era
  • vs other Minorities
  • As Model Minority
historical context28
Historical Context
  • as immigrants
  • as a conquered indigenous population
  • displacement and depopulation
  • American policy: economic-land cultural-assimilation political-control
  • Indian policy: tribal survival (maintenance of relations and distinct cultural orders) political autonomy
native american demographics
Native American Demographics
  • Population Growth Reservation Indians Urban Indians
  • Socioeconomic Status Economic Education Health
the evolution of the english french schism
The Evolution of the English-French Schism
  • The English Conquest
  • Confederation
  • The New French-Canadian Nationalism
  • The Quiet Revolution
  • The Rise of Parti Quebecois
  • Sovereignty-Association
  • Language
  • French-Canadian Ethnic Identity
canada s third force
Canada’s Third Force

Visible Minorities


Aboriginal Peoples

stability and change
Stability and Change
  • Melting Pot vs Mosaic
  • Canadian Pluralism
  • Multiculturalism
  • Looking Beyond
shifting patterns of immigration
Shifting Patterns of Immigration
  • Uneven Development
  • Political Conflict
  • Changes in Western Europe
the resurgence of ethnic nationalism
The Resurgence of Ethnic Nationalism
  • Civic vs Ethnic Nationalism
  • Breakup of Yugoslovia

Corporate Pluralism under Tito

Dissolution of Yugoslav Federation

Contemporary Conflict

Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia

The End of Ethnic Harmony

Kosovo and the Expansion of the Yugoslav Conflict

  • Exploitation of Ethnicity
the endurance of ethnic conflict
The Endurance of Ethnic Conflict
  • Stimulants of Ethnic Conflict

Inequalities in Power and Wealth

Cultural Differences

Physical Distinctions

Status Inequality

  • Containment of Ethnic Conflict