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Question-Answer Relationships. By Janet Stos. Purpose.

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Presentation Transcript
  • The purpose of teaching the QAR strategy is to show students that questions and answers have a variety of sources, and that learning about questions and their answers will help them, as readers become better at understanding and answering questions.

2004 Iowa Department of Education

  • Teaching students about QAR gives them the language for talking about the strategies they use to answer questions. It also helps students to develop an awareness of their own cognitive processes when answering questions.

2004 Iowa Department of Education

question answer relationships4
Question-Answer Relationships

What is it?

By Janet Stos

QAR (Raphael, 1982,1986) is a strategy that is “designed to demystify the questioning process, providing the teachers and students with a common

vocabulary to discuss different types of questions and sources of information for answering these questions…”


Reference: Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: If not me then who?
  • By Rachel Billmeyer, Ph.D
  • Mary Lee Barton, M.Ed.
  • 2nd Edition, publisher, McREL
question answer relationship

Four categories of questions

are studied during strategy

use and practice.

two are text based qars
TWO are text-basedQARs

“RIGHT THERE” questions ask

students to respond at the literal level;

the words used to answer the questions

can be found “right there” in the

same sentence of the text.

Right There questions may begin with words such as:
  • Who is…
  • Where is…
  • List…
  • How many…
  • What is…
  • When is…
think and search

These questions require students to “think” about how the information or ideas in the text relate to one another,

and to “search” through the entire

passage to find the

information that applies.

Think and Search questions may begin with words like:


What caused…





Find two examples…

two are knowledge based qars
TWO are knowledge-basedQARs
  • Students must use their prior knowledge to answer “Author and You/Me” questions.
  • Their answer will include information

that is beyond what is

found in the text. They must

read the text to

understand what the

question is asking.

Author and You/Me questions may begin with statements like:

What motive is there…

Is it valid that…

What beliefs justify…

In your opinion what inconsistencies…

Judge the effects of….

Example: Author and You/Me
  • The topic of the reading was cloning.

In what instances, if ever, do

you think cloning should

be used?

on my own 2 nd knowledge based question
ON MY OWN (2nd knowledge based question)
  • These questions can be answered with information from the students’

background knowledge and

DO NOT require reading

from the text.

on my own

Create a children’s story where

the discovery of a strange new

creature leads the characters on an

amazing adventure.


The Woggily Thonk

(A Cautionary Tale)

Once upon a time there was a woggily thonk. The woggily thonk loved to squonk. One day the squonk decided to squonk murrily over the herp.

  • What squonked?
  • How would you describe the thonk?
  • Where did it squonk?
  • How did it squonk?
QAR explicitly shows the relationship between questions and answers.
  • QAR categorizes different types and levels of questions which helps students analyze, comprehend and respond to text concepts
  • QAR helps refute the common misconception that the text

has all the answers.

Show them


Help them


Let them (provide practice)

How do I increase the likelihood that my students will independently use the strategies that I teach?
  • Answer: Students need to be explicitly taught the answers to these 4 questions…..
How do I get students to determine the question-answer relationships?

Answer: Help them create a clear picture of the difference between IN THE BOOK and IN MY HEAD QARs then……

Help them create a clear picture of the 4 levels of question answer relationships found within in each source: IN THE BOOK: Right There, Think & Search and IN MY HEAD: Author & Me, and On My Own.
qar poster
*QAR Poster

*Click on BACK button after viewing QAR poster to continue with the PowerPoint presentation

understanding and applying qar
Understanding and Applying QAR

Directions: Answer each question as thoroughly as you can.

1.What is QAR?

2. How do you use QAR?

3.When do you use QAR?

4. Why do you use QAR?

what is qar
What is QAR?
  • A reading strategy that gives teachers and students a common vocabulary for discussing text.
  • A reading strategy that includes IN THE BOOK and IN MY HEAD levels of questions.
  • A reading strategy that teaches four types of questions and their relationships to the answers.
  • Right There, Think and Search, Author and You, On My Own.
  • A reading strategy that can be easily implemented across the curriculum!
how do you use qar
How Do you Use QAR?
  • Begin by teaching the students the
  • necessary vocabulary: Right There, etc.
  • Model the 4 types of Questions (show them)
  • Guide students (help them) by having them identify different types of questions and then answer them correctly.
  • Have students (let them) write and label the different types of questions followed by the correct answers.
when do you use qar
When Do you Use QAR?
  • In any situation where students interact with non-fiction as well as fiction text and….
  • To help students understand that information from both text and knowledge based experiences is important to consider
why use qar
Why Use QAR?
  • QAR is a research based reading strategy that benefits every type, every level of learner!
  • QAR helps students comprehend more of what they have read and learn that all the answers MAY NOT come from the text!
  • QAR easily and authentically embeds itself into every content area!