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Archived Information Overcome the Digital Divide Craig B. Luigart Chief Information Officer [email protected] June 27, 2001 We Begin Time Line ANCIENT WRITING 30,000 BC 3,000 BC 100 AD 700 AD Cave Painting Hieroglyphics Parchment Illuminated Manuscript PRINTING PRESS AND BEYOND

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archived information overcome the digital divide

Archived InformationOvercome the Digital Divide

Craig B. Luigart

Chief Information Officer

[email protected]

June 27, 2001

we begin time line
We Begin Time Line


30,000 BC

3,000 BC

100 AD

700 AD




Illuminated Manuscript






SmallPrinting Press

Black & White Photos of Titanic on Front Covers of Newspapers

Gutenberg’s Printing Press

Color BookCovers

Overcome the Digital Divide

we begin again time line
We Begin Again Time Line

Last 20 Years





Random House Electronic Thesaurus

Sony’s Kludgy Data Discman

Books on CD-ROM

Rocket eBook and the Softbook






Readeron a Laptop

Tablet PC

eBook Titles and ePeriodical Sales Top One Billion $!

eBook Sales Outperforming Paperback Book Sales

Overcome the Digital Divide

post gutenberg age
Post Gutenberg Age
  • E-books
    • 20 years - 90% of what we read will be electronic
    • Price Differential - Hardcopy of Encyclopedia Britannica for $2000 or the on-line set for about $100
    • iBooks Pilot in Virginia
  • Sony’s Playstation II
    • 66 m polygons/sec
  • Experiential Learning
    • 20,000 simulated surgeries upon arrival to medical school
    • Virtual testing of chemical combinations

Overcome the Digital Divide

new government new technology defines economy and society
Industrial Age

Steam Engine


Information Age


Internet Technologies

New Government New Technology Defines Economy and Society

Overcome the Digital Divide

new government
New Government


  • Horizontal Linkage of the Government
  • Acquisitions Impacted by Section 508
  • E-Grants Driven by the Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA)
  • E-Rate Program - Effort to ‘Bridge’ the Digital Divide

Redefines Common Business Procedures

  • Better Serve its Customers
  • Effort to Become Customer-centric

Overcome the Digital Divide

the digital divide
The Digital Divide
  • Digital Divide Comparable to Head Start Program 40 Years Ago
    • Head Start - created for students who were inadequately prepared for school, as a result of environment or lack of educational experience
    • Digital Divide - represents the gap between those students exposed to information technology and those students who have not had the benefit of “growing up digital”
  • Steps to Close Digital Divide
    • Access to Technology
    • Teacher Training
    • Accessibility for the Disabled

Overcome the Digital Divide

access to technology
Access to Technology
  • Henrico County Public Schools Pilot ProgramCommonwealth of Virginia
    • Brings the district closer to having access to wirelessly networked mobile computing – enabling learning to reach far beyond the classroom
    • Redefines role of technology in education – changing teaching methods and learning strategies for the classroom
    • Ahead of the curve – shifting much of its curriculum to digital media
    • Kids on laptops
    • Commercial Partnership

Overcome the Digital Divide

access to technology through broadband
Access to TechnologyThrough Broadband
  • Definition:

The term "broadband" refers to any type of transmission technique that carries several data channels over a common wire. DSL services, for example, combine separate voice and data channels over a single telephone line.

Overcome the Digital Divide

digital subscriber line dsl
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
  • Provides high-speed networking over ordinary phone lines using digital modem technology.
  • Integrates voice and data functionality,bringing the "always on“ featureof the telephone to the computernetwork.
  • Theoretically supports data ratesof 8,448 Kbps (8.448 Mbps), althoughtypical rates vary from 1,544 Kbps to512 Kbps and sometimes aslow as 90 Kbps.

Overcome the Digital Divide

dish network and starband sm
DISH Network® and StarBandsm

DISH Network Signal

StarBand Internet Signal

Overcome the Digital Divide


Overcome the Digital Divide

teacher training
Teacher Training
  • Learning institutions are encouraged to provide continuous and relevant training and support for educators and administrators at all levels
  • Findings of the Web-based Education Commissions revealed that not enough is being done to assure that today’s educators have the skills and knowledge for effective Web-based teaching

Overcome the Digital Divide

accessibility for the disabled
Accessibility for the Disabled
  • Technology can level the playing field and increase the independence of people with disabilities
  • Cost is a problem – computers with adaptive technology can cost $20,000
  • Statistics reveal that access to the Internet and computer use by the disabled could be improved – technology helps “level the playing field”

Overcome the Digital Divide

leave no child behind
Leave No Child Behind
  • Current educational initiatives focusing on education and technology
    • Expanding Flexibility, Reducing Bureaucracy
      • Title I Flexibility
      • Increased funds to schools for technology
    • Improving Teacher Quality
      • All students taught by quality teachers
      • Funding what works

Overcome the Digital Divide

closing thoughts
Closing Thoughts
  • Technology is not a panacea
  • Technology is powerful tool
  • Student centered, continuous learning

Technology should help ensure that no child is left behind

Overcome the Digital Divide