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How a Bill Becomes a Law. It can be presented to the House of Representatives or to the Senate. Once approved in one of the two chambers, it passes to the other. Once approved in both chambers, it passes to a Conference Committee made up of members of both chambers.

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How a Bill Becomes a Law


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. How a Bill Becomes a Law It can be presented to the House of Representatives or to the Senate. Once approved in one of the two chambers, it passes to the other. Once approved in both chambers, it passes to a Conference Committee made up of members of both chambers. The version agreed upon there, goes again to both chambers; once approved, it goes to the President. The President can sign or veto. The President’s veto can be overridden by a 66% majority in both chambers.

    2. Senate House Analyzed in Committee & Subcommittee Analyzed in Committee & Subcommittee Report by the Committee Report by the Committee The Rules Committee decides how to debate it Debate on the floor Debate on the floor How a Bill Becomes a Law

    3. The Budget and Foreign Aid • January 20th marks the beginning of the legislative year. • In February, the administration presents its annual budget. • Details about foreign aid are made available on the internet: www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2006/60436.htm • The audiences start. • The Party with the majority chooses the witnesses. • The first round consists of people from the administration. • The second round consists of other experts.

    4. The Budget and Foreign Aid • In March, the Committees begin to work on the language. • Group members of the Colombia Steering Committee present text that they want to include. • In May, the Subcommittee in the House of Representatives works on the language that will go for debate on the floor. • In June, the Rules Committee of the House of Representatives establishes the conditions for the floor debate. • In June, the bill goes to the floor for debate and voting in the House of Representatives.

    5. The Budget and Foreign Aid • In June, the Subcommittee in the Senate works on the language that will go for debate on the floor. • In July, the bill goes for debate and voting on the floor of the Senate. • Normally, there isn’t that much debate in the Senate. • In September, both versions go to the Conference Committee. • A consensual version is developed. • The legislative cycle closes on September 30th. • Normally, they don’t finish on time.

    6. Republicans Frank Wolf (VA 10th ) Ranking Member Joseph Knollenberg (MI 9th) Mark Kirk (IL 10th) Ander Crenshaw (FL 4th) Dave Weldon (FL 15th) Democrats Nita Lowey (NY 18th) Chair Jesse Jackson (IL 2nd) Adam Schiff (CA 29th) Steve Israel (NY 2nd) Ben Chandler (KY 6th) Steven Rothman (NJ 9th) Barbara Lee (CA 9th) Betty McCollum (MN 4th) Members of the House of Representatives Appropriations Subcommittee for Foreign Operations

    7. Republicans Judd Gregg (NH) Ranking Member Mitch McConnell (KY) Chair Arlen Specter (PA) Robert Bennett (UT) Christopher Bond (MO) Sam Brownback (KS) Lamar Alexander (TN) Democrats Patrick Leahy (VT) Chair Daniel Inouye (HI) Tom Harkin (IA) Barbara Mikulski (MD) Richard Durbin (IL) Tim Johnson (SD) Mary Landrieu (LA) Jack Reed (RI) Members of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee for Foreign Operations