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How a Bill Becomes a Law. It can be presented to the House of Representatives or to the Senate. Once approved in one of the two chambers, it passes to the other. Once approved in both chambers, it passes to a Conference Committee made up of members of both chambers.

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how a bill becomes a law

How a Bill Becomes a Law

It can be presented to the House of Representatives or to the Senate.

Once approved in one of the two chambers, it passes to the other.

Once approved in both chambers, it passes to a Conference Committee made up of members of both chambers.

The version agreed upon there, goes again to both chambers; once approved, it goes to the President.

The President can sign or veto.

The President’s veto can be overridden by a 66% majority in both chambers.

how a bill becomes a law2

Senate

House

Analyzed in Committee

& Subcommittee

Analyzed in Committee

& Subcommittee

Report by the Committee

Report by the Committee

The Rules Committee

decides how to debate it

Debate on the floor

Debate on the floor

How a Bill Becomes a Law
the budget and foreign aid
The Budget and Foreign Aid
  • January 20th marks the beginning of the legislative year.
  • In February, the administration presents its annual budget.
    • Details about foreign aid are made available on the internet: www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2006/60436.htm
  • The audiences start.
    • The Party with the majority chooses the witnesses.
    • The first round consists of people from the administration.
    • The second round consists of other experts.
the budget and foreign aid4
The Budget and Foreign Aid
  • In March, the Committees begin to work on the language.
    • Group members of the Colombia Steering Committee present text that they want to include.
  • In May, the Subcommittee in the House of Representatives works on the language that will go for debate on the floor.
  • In June, the Rules Committee of the House of Representatives establishes the conditions for the floor debate.
  • In June, the bill goes to the floor for debate and voting in the House of Representatives.
the budget and foreign aid5
The Budget and Foreign Aid
  • In June, the Subcommittee in the Senate works on the language that will go for debate on the floor.
  • In July, the bill goes for debate and voting on the floor of the Senate.
    • Normally, there isn’t that much debate in the Senate.
  • In September, both versions go to the Conference Committee.
    • A consensual version is developed.
  • The legislative cycle closes on September 30th.
    • Normally, they don’t finish on time.
members of the house of representatives appropriations subcommittee for foreign operations
Republicans

Frank Wolf (VA 10th ) Ranking Member

Joseph Knollenberg (MI 9th)

Mark Kirk (IL 10th)

Ander Crenshaw (FL 4th)

Dave Weldon (FL 15th)

Democrats

Nita Lowey (NY 18th) Chair

Jesse Jackson (IL 2nd)

Adam Schiff (CA 29th)

Steve Israel (NY 2nd)

Ben Chandler (KY 6th)

Steven Rothman (NJ 9th)

Barbara Lee (CA 9th)

Betty McCollum (MN 4th)

Members of the House of Representatives Appropriations Subcommittee for Foreign Operations
members of the senate appropriations subcommittee for foreign operations
Republicans

Judd Gregg (NH) Ranking Member

Mitch McConnell (KY) Chair

Arlen Specter (PA)

Robert Bennett (UT)

Christopher Bond (MO)

Sam Brownback (KS)

Lamar Alexander (TN)

Democrats

Patrick Leahy (VT) Chair

Daniel Inouye (HI)

Tom Harkin (IA)

Barbara Mikulski (MD)

Richard Durbin (IL)

Tim Johnson (SD)

Mary Landrieu (LA)

Jack Reed (RI)

Members of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee for Foreign Operations