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FDNY Helicopter Project FDNY Helicopter Project United States Military Academy Fire Department City of New York Combating Terrorism Leadership Program

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Fdny helicopter project l.jpg

FDNY Helicopter Project

FDNY Helicopter Project

United States Military Academy

Fire Department City of New York

Combating Terrorism Leadership Program


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The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the need for the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security


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Project Staff: the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Battalion Chief Thomas Danz

  • Battalion Chief Daniel Martinetion

  • Captain Jeffrey Race

  • Captain Scott Holliday

  • Captain Michael McLaughlin

    Mentor: Chief Joseph W. Pfeifer


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Fire Based Aviation Programs the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Los Angeles County FD, California

  • Los Angeles City FD, California

  • Chicago FD, Illinois

  • Miami-Dade Fire Rescue, Florida


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World Trade Center the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Belle Harbor

Port Mobil

High Rise Operations

Brush Fires

Coastal Storms / Flooding

Ship Emergencies

Medical Evacuation

Historical Examples for the Use of Fire Service Aviation


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Threat of Terrorism the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security


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9/11 Commission the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

“If there is a fire on the 30th floor in a high-rise building that cannot be extinguished and exits are totally blocked, how do you rescue the people?”

Question from the 9/11 Commission to Nicholas Scoppetta, Fire Commissioner


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FDNY Uses for a Helicopter the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Fire Suppression

  • Search & Rescue

  • Resource Deployment

  • Command and Control

  • Reconnaissance

  • Medical Evacuation


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Fire Suppression the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Technology is available and is continuing to develop which will allow airborne master stream devices to be used in high-rise fire suppression


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Search & Rescue the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Insertion of specialized search teams

  • Removal of victims and rescuers from hazardous environments


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Resource Deployment the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Personnel

  • Equipment


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Command & Control the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

The ability to gather and use information to make informed decisions effecting the outcome of the incident.

To effectively deploy and utilize resources to accomplish strategic goals and objectives.


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Command & Control the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

“One of the most critical things in a major operation like this is to have information. We didn’t have a lot of information coming in. We didn’t receive any reports of what was seen from the [NYPD] helicopters.”

Pfeifer, Joseph, videotaped testimony, The 9/11 Commission Report, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, May 18, 2004

“People watching on TV certainly had more knowledge of what was happening a hundred floors above us than we did in the lobby….[W]ithout critical information coming in…it’s very difficult to make informed, critical decisions[.]”

Hayden, Peter, videotaped testimony, The 9/11 Commission Report, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, May 18, 2004


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Reconnaissance the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Overall scene picture

  • Access and egress routes

  • Exposure conditions

  • Real-time video links

  • Pre-plans

Belle Harbor Crash 2001From NYPD Aviation


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Medical Evacuation the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Specialty Referral Transport

  • Mass Casualty Evacuation


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Selection of Helicopter Types the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security


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Decision Criteria the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Fire SuppressionThe ability to apply water both horizontally and vertically.

  • Search & RescueAllow removal of victims and personnel from inaccessible locations.

  • Resource DeploymentThe lifting capability of the aircraft and the amount of personnel it can move.

  • Command and ControlAbility to provide video feed to the IC and allow aerial surveillance by FDNY officers.

  • Medical EvacuationAbility to move victims from the scene to definitive care and specialty referral centers.


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SIKORSKY S-70A FIREHAWK the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security


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Criteria Analysis the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

TOTAL 6 9 15 22

Rate on a scale of 0 to 4 with 0 being the least useful and 4 being the most useful.

Highest Number is the preferred aircraft


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Regional Resource the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Sikorsky Firehawk – resource capable of large scale movement of manpower, equipment, and extinguishing agent.

  • Manpower – specialists, command, IMT, USAR

  • Equipment – 4.5 ton lift capacity of medical supplies, haz mat or USAR caches

  • ExtinguishingAgent – 1000 gallons of water and 30 gallons of foam concentrate for application in hazardous or remote locations (suspension bridges, tank farms, hi-rise)


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Regional Resource the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • An FDNY resource capable of implementing its core mission within the City as well as expanded capabilities in the entire Northeast region


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FDNY the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Regional Resource


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Regional Resource the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Homeland Security

  • FEMA/USAR

  • Mutual Aid


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Cost Recovery the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Possible for the following operations:

Homeland Security

FEMA/USAR

Mutual Aid Agreements

Medevac

Hazmat

Port of NY/NJ – ships, barges

Gateway National Park (brush operations)


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Funding the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • FD Budget

  • DHS Grant

  • Discretionary Grant – various sources

  • Private Funding – Corporate, non-profit, etc.


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Recommendations the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

  • Investigate Potential Regional Partnerships.

  • Research Funding Sources Outside the FDNY Budget.

  • Prepare a Cost Analysis of Establishing a FDNY Aviation Unit.


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Thank You for Your Attention the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

QUESTIONS?


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Procurement the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Rent (+) limited up front expenditures

(- ) very restricted use, capabilities

Lease (+) moderate up front expenditures

(+) less risk exposure

(- ) inflexible (limited capabilities)

(- ) could prove more costly over long term

Purchase (- ) substantial initial investment

(- ) most risk exposure

(+) custom created to our menu of missions

(+) creates stability in program (procedures, training, R&D)


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Maintenance the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security

Direct Operating Cost (DOC) Indirect Operating Cost (IOC)

DOC – the cost incurred from being in the air (fuel, lubricants)

IOC – flexible cost options

Pay as you go – we assume all repair cost as necessary

TAP – Total Assurance Plan

Pay flat rate based on estimated annual hours. Transfers most risk to supplier

Can be more costly over life of helicopter

PAP - Partial Assurance Plan

Any variation on coverage


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Helicopter Comparisons the Fire Department of the City of New York to acquire a helicopter as a regional resource for homeland security