Early Mesoamerican Villages. Formative, Pre-Classic Periods Farming Formative Households. Formative/Pre-Classic Chronology. Early Formative (Pre-Classic) Period 1500/1800-900 BC Middle Formative (Pre-Classic) Period 900-300 BC Late Formative (Pre-Classic) Period 300 BC - AD 300.
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Formative, Pre-Classic Periods
Toasting amaranth, Cuzco, Peru. & Woman dancer carrying a bundle of amaranth on her back during the carnival dance festival Pisac, Cuzco, Peru
Western Mexico archaeological sites. The orange circles show archaeogical sites. The larger green circles highlight the most important sites.
For example, this model depicts a funerary ritual. A deceased individual lies in state while other figures stand guard and play musical instruments. Above, a high-ranking individual looks on while clasping a drinking cup in his hand.
This imagery compares to models of volador rituals that featured a "flying" dance in which several performers descended upon ropes from atop a central pole that symbolized the axis mundi.
In this model, the central tree may also symbolize the axis mundi.Ceremonies
Ceramic statuette of a human female from mound 32, Paso de la Amada.