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CONTENTS

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    2. CONTENTS INDUSTRY OVERVIEW General Perspectives Highlights from the IAER Industry Report Industry Survey Industry Research CHALLENGES OBSERVATIONS

    3. KEY DRIVERS Increasing volumes Expanding pervasiveness of electronics Shorter lifespan of electronics technologies Large inventory of obsolete electronics Concerns Landfill Hazardous materials Challenges Logistics Costs

    4. ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - TYPES Commercial computers, office, financial Industrial Telecom, Manufacturing, Medical Automotive Defense & Aerospace Consumer PCs, video, audio, wireless, personal, games

    5. ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - CONTENT REUSABLE: Units (e.g., PCs, Printers, Monitors) Components (e.g., Drives, Memory, Processors) RECYCLABLE MATERIALS Metals (precious, base) Glass (CRT) Plastics

    6. INDUSTRY SEGMENTS Asset Management inventory, disposition planning, resale Broker auction, resale, export Re-Use: for resale at product level Resale/As-Is Repair/Refurbish /Upgrade/enhance De-Manufacturing disassembly & separation of parts and materials Recovery of Parts & Subassemblies Test/Classify/Re-use/Sale Materials Recovery & Recycling (plastics, metals, glass) separate, prepare for recycling Materials Processing/Refining (glass, metal, plastics) shred, grind, pelletize, refine

    8. ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA

    9. HIGHLIGHTS from IAER SURVEY Electronics recycling companies in the USA: over 400 Employees: over 7000 Annual Revenue: over $US 700 million Annual Volumes processed: over 1.5 billion pounds (750K tons) including more than 40 million units of computer equipment electronics recycling process yielded approximately 900 million pounds of recyclable materials

    10. ELECTRONICS PRODUCTS OWNED by AMERICAN CONSUMERS

    11. LIFE SPANS OF CONSUMER ELECTRONICS

    12. CONSUMER ELECTRONICS OUTLOOK

    13. COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OUTLOOK

    14. ITEMS COLLECTED in MUNICIPAL PROGRAMS

    15. Material Composition of Consumer Electronics in Municipal Waste Stream

    16. COST ELEMENTS of RECYCLING

    17. HIGHLIGHTS from IAER RESEARCHOutlook to 2010 Consumer electronics: About 3 billion units will be scrapped or an average of about 400 million units/year Computer Equipment (from all sectors): about one billion units will become potential scrap or an average of more than 100 million units/year Electronics Recycling Industry to grow its capacity by a factor of 4 or 5

    18. CHALLENGESfacing YOUR electronics recycling operations(from IAER Industry Survey) Cost of operations Markets for outputs Sources of equipment Prices for materials & parts Capacity Other

    19. CHALLENGESfacing the electronics recycling INDUSTRY(from IAER Industry Survey) Legislation/regulations Consumer/residential electronics Plastics recycling Logistics/transportation Product take-back programs Recycling technology Other

    20. OBSERVATIONS Electronics Recycling Industry has been driven by commercial sector Consumer electronics have not been a factor in the market due to costs, value & logistics Computer equipment comprises most of volumes currently recycled Electronics recycling costs money - but also recovers value in products, parts & materials Industry still emerging - fragmented, small Cos, limited process technology & capital