roman history and geography n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ROMAN HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ROMAN HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

ROMAN HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on

ROMAN HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ROMAN HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY' - jackson-kirk


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
The ANCIENT ROMAN EMPIREstarted to expand from 900BC and had declined by 500AD. The declination was due to political instability and attacks from the borders. In 400-500AD, the Roman empire broke into Western (Hispania, Gaul and Italy) and Eastern Empire (Byzantine in general). (How old is the USA?)
back to the beginning
BACK TO THE BEGINNING…

Originally many groups of people inhabited the land of Italy—a boot-shaped peninsula in Southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea. According to legend there was a Trojan prince named Aeneas who was a son of Venus! He left Troy with his father, son, and a band of Trojans as the kingdom of Troy lay in flames, having been defeated by the Greeks. Paris, a Trojan prince had run off with Helen, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, and neighboring Greek kings had helped Menelaus defeat the Trojans and regain his bride. The story of Troy’s defeat is told in Homer’s great Greek heroic epics The Iliad and The Odyssey.

HOW THE TROJAN WAR BEGAN

Eris, the goddess of discord, was angry at not having

been invited to a wedding party and threw an apple

among the guests there. The apple was inscribed “to the

fairest,” and as she had thrown it toward Juno, Minerva, and

Venus, Jupiter ordered Paris to decide its rightful owner.

Venus promised him the love of the most beautiful

woman in the world—Helen, wife of Menelaus--and

his choice ultimately sealed the fate of his native Troy!

slide4

Aeneas had been told by his mother Venus to leave Troy to establish a great new home. He settled in Italy and generations later a descendant named Rhea Silvia had twins by the god of war, Mars. Her uncle Amulius had seized her father’s throne and forced her to become a Vestal virgin to protect his sovereignty. When her uncle discovered the twins, he had her killed and had the babies put out to die, but a servant spared them, and the infants—Romulus and Remus—were found and nurtured by a she-wolf.

They grew up and recovered the throne and started to build the city which came to be known as Rome. Rome is positioned on the western coast of the boot of Italy.

Romulus and Remus are said to have founded the city on April 21, 753 BC(DCCLIII). In the process of its founding, the twins had an argument and Romulus killed his brother

Remus.

italy the boot shaped peninsular country which became the center of the roman empire
ITALYTHE BOOT-SHAPED PENINSULAR COUNTRY WHICH BECAME THE CENTER OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

ITALY IS SITUATED

STRATEGICALLY IN THE

MEDITERRANEAN SEA

SICILY IS THE LARGE ISLAND

OFF THE SOUTHWEST TOE

OF ITALY’S BOOT

greece
GREECE

A HIGHLY ADVANCED CIVILIZATION--PARTICULARLY IN THE ARTS AND SCIENCES—CONQUERED BY THE ROMANS. THE ROMANS LEARNED A GREAT DEAL FROM THE GREEKS. MANY GREEK SLAVES WERE EMPLOYED BY THE ROMANS AS TEACHERS. EDUCATED ROMANS LEARNED GREEK AS WELL AS LATIN. THE ROMANS EMULATED MANY GREEK MODELS. THE ROMAN POET VERGIL MODELED HIS HEROIC EPIC TELLING THE STORY OF AENEAS (“THE AENEID”) ON HOMERIC EPICS LIKE “THE ODYSSEY”!

THE ROMANS ALSO LIKE TO DERIDE THE GREEKS, HOWEVER, AND CALLED THEM “BARBARIANS”!

GREECE--

TO THE

EAST

OF ITALY

mediterranean sea
MEDITERRANEAN SEA

THE LATIN ROOTS OF ITS NAME CONVEYS

THAT IT WAS FELT TO BE THE CENTER,

OR IN THE MIDDLE OF THE EARTH!

roma rome
ROMA--ROME

CAPITAL CITY

OF THE WHOLE ANCIENT ROMAN EMPIRE

AND PRESENT-DAY CAPITAL OF MODERN ITALY!

THE

ROMAN EMPIRE

BETWEEN

117 AND 125 AD

italy
ITALY

IN THE

EUROPEAN UNION

TODAY

highlights of rome and italy the tiber river
HIGHLIGHTS OF ROME AND ITALYTHE TIBER RIVER

THE TIBER RIVER

RUNS THROUGH

THE CITY OF ROME

AND OUT TO THE

SEA CLOSE TO

ROME’S PORT CITY

OF OSTIA

roman cities the forum
ROMAN CITIES: THE FORUM

ROMAN ENGINEERS WERE MASTERS OF BUILDING ROADS AND CITIES. EVERY CITY HAD A LARGE RECTANGULAR SPACE—A FORUM--OR MARKETPLACE--AS ITS CENTER. THE CAPITAL CITY OF THE EMPIRE WAS SO HUGE, THAT IT HAD MANY “FORA”. IN ENGLISH TODAY THE WORD HAS ALSO COME TO MEAN A PLACE FOR DISCUSSION—NOT SO SURPRISING, SINCE ROMANS CAME TO THE MARKETPLACE FOR MANY TYPES OF BUSINESS, AS WELL AS TO GET THE LATEST NEWS!

forums today
FORUMSTODAY

CHELTENHAM ADULT SCHOOL

the palatine hill
THE PALATINE HILL

ROME WAS BUILT ON SEVEN HILLS. ONE OF THE

MOST FAMOUS HILLS IS THE PALATINE, WHERE

THE EMPEROR AND MANY WEALTHY ROMAN

CITIZENS LIVED.

THE EMPEROR’S PALACE

OVERLOOKED THE

CIRCUS MAXIMUS

julius caesar
JULIUS CAESAR

(100 BC- 44BC)

--OFTEN CALLED “THE GREATEST ROMAN OF THEM ALL”!

JULIUS CAESAR CONTRIBUTED GREATLY TO THE SIZE,

GLORY, AND WEALTH OF ROME. HE REFORMED THE

CALENDAR, MADE IMPROVEMENTS IN CITY PLANNING,

EXPANDED THE TERRITORIES CONQUERED BY ROME, WROTE ABOUT

HIS MILITARY EXPLOITS, AND BECAME SO POPULAR

THAT HIS CONTEMPORARIES

ASSASSINATED HIM LEST HE MAKE HIMSELF KING.

THE ROMANS HAD OVERTHROWN A MONARCH IN 508 BC AND

INSTITUTED A NEW FORM OF GOVERNMENT CALLED A REPUBLIC,

IN WHICH NO ONE PERSON RULED AS KING. TWO CONSULS

WERE ELECTED EACH YEAR ANEW. CREATORS OF THE NEW

AMERICAN REPUBLIC SOME 2200 YEARS LATER, LOOKED BACK TO

THE ROMAN REPUBLIC AS A PARTIAL MODEL. JULIUS CAESAR’S

CONTEMPORARIES FEARED HIS GREAT POPULARITY AND POWER,

BUT ROME HAD GROWN SO LARGE, THE REPUBLIC WAS NO

LONGER ABLE TO FUNCTION PROPERLY.

caesar s assassination
CAESAR’S ASSASSINATION

ON THE IDES (15TH) OF MARCH IN 44 BC –A FAMOUS DATE IN HISTORY—

CAESAR’S FELLOW SENATORS ASSASSINATED HIM. HE IS THOUGHT TO

HAVE SAID “ET TU, BRUTE” –”AND YOU TOO, BRUTUS?” TO HIS CLOSE

FRIEND BRUTUS AT THE TIME. HE HAD ONLY HIS STYLUS TO

DEFEND HIMSELF!

MARTIUS

XV.

XLIV BC

octavian augustus
OCTAVIAN AUGUSTUS

AFTER CAESAR’S MURDER A CIVIL WAR ENSUED.

THE VICTOR WAS CAESAR’S ADOPTED GREAT-NEPHEW

AND HEIR—OCTAVIANAUGUSTUS. AUGUSTUS

BECAME THE FIRST EMPEROR OF ROME IN 27 BC.

HIS REIGN BROUGHT MANY YEARS OF

PEACE (THE PAX ROMANA) WITHIN THE EMPIRE AND

IT IS SAID THAT HE FOUND ROME IN BRICK ,

AND LEFT IT IN MARBLE!

HERE HE IS

IN MARBLE!

63 BC-14 AD

the eruption of mt vesuvius 79 ad lxxix ad
THE ERUPTION OF MT. VESUVIUS79 AD (LXXIX AD)

THIS HISTORICAL EVENT WAS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT FOR

HISTORIANS. WHEN MT. VESUVIUS ERUPTED SUDDENLY

IN THE AREA OF THE BAY OF NAPLES IN 79 AD, THE TOWNS OF

POMPEII AND HERCULANEUM WERE DESTOYED—

COMPLETELY BURIED BY VARIOUS FORMS OF VOLCANIC MATERIAL.

IN THE 19TH CENTURY ARCHAEOLOGISTS BEGAN TO REDISCOVER

AND RECONSTRUCT WHAT LIFE WAS LIKE ON A DAILY BASIS IN

THE ANCIENT ROMAN EMPIRE. WE OWE MUCH OF WHAT WE

KNOW TODAY ABOUT ROMAN LIFE TO THAT DISASTER.

slide20

REMAINS OF YESTERYEAR

POMPEII AND VESUVIUS TODAY

VESUVIUS AND

THE BAY OF NAPLES

slide22

MANY PEOPLE IN THE AREA NEAR THE CROWDED

CITY OF NAPLES COULD BE AT GREAT RISK IF

MT VESUVIUS ERUPTS AGAIN—AND THAT COULD BE SOON!

SEE A LINK ON MY TEACHER WEBPAGE TO A

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC ARTICLE FOR MORE

ON THE SUBJECT!

CIAO! ARRIVEDERCI, ROMA!