american anthropology n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
American Anthropology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
American Anthropology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

American Anthropology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 113 Views
  • Uploaded on

American Anthropology. The Beginning of Anthropology in American and Core concepts . Develop a timeline for emergence of American anthropology Recognize the influence of European scholars on American anthropology

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'American Anthropology' - jack


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
american anthropology

American Anthropology

The Beginning of Anthropology in American and Core concepts

learning objectives

Develop a timeline for emergence of American anthropology

Recognize the influence of European scholars on American anthropology

Distinguish between early ideas of cultural and biological variation and current understanding of such processes. (Note: represents a course theme)

Describe the scientific method and how it is used to develop theories of cultural change and diversity.

Learning Objectives
unlinear evolutionism

‘Armchair’ Anthropologists

      • [Note: As emphasis on scientific methodology grew, both methods and ‘theories’ were challenged]
Unlinear Evolutionism
unlinear evolutionism1

Result of ‘Armchair’ Anthropology = _________

    • __________________________________________
    • Cultures evolve in a ____________towards an end ________________________________
    • Cultural traits have a __________________
Unlinear Evolutionism
unlinear evolutionism2

Louis Henjry Morgan

      • Example: Polynesians of the Solomon Islands
Unlinear Evolutionism
unlinear evolutionism3

E. B. Tylor

        • Checkpoint: What does ‘living fossils’ mean?
Unlinear Evolutionism
historical particularism

Four-Field Approach

    • Emphasized different __________
    • Focused on demonstrating that _________ ____________________________
Historical Particularism
historical particularism1

Historical Particularism

    • Emphasized that _______________________________
    • Cultures should be ____________________________
    • Methods of cultural analysis = ____________
    • Rejected _______________________
Historical Particularism
historical particularism2

Franz Boas -- Father of American Anthropology

      • Cultures _______________________________
        • _____________________________________
      • Emphasized _______________
        • Checkpoint: How is diffusion defined in cultural anthropology?
        • ______________________________________
        • Example: Subsistence practice
Historical Particularism
functionalism
Functionalism
  • Emphasizes the ________________________________
  • Challenged both __________________________
  • Important scholars:
    • Malinowski (Father of Ethnography)
    • Radcliffe-Brown
functionalism1
Functionalism
  • Malinowski, a Functionalist because of:
    • _______________________________
      • ____________________________________
      • _____________________________________
    • _________________
      • Cultural customs are____________________________
structural functionalism
Structural Functionalism
  • Radcliffe-Brown
    • Role that _______________________________________
    • Theoretical category of _______________________
      • Culture & cultural practices ________________, which is maintained by the _____________________________
      • Viewed _________________________________________
functionalism2
Functionalism
  • Functionalism – Still Present in Anthropology
    • Despite challenges to the general theme, a form of functionalism is still a very active perspective in anthropology
    • “…there are social & cultural systems and that their elements…are functionally related so that they covary,” (Kottak, 2013, p.65)
configurationalism

Culture viewed ______________________________

    • Pulled from both ___________________________________
    • ________________ is not automatic
      • ___________________________________________
    • Considered to be part of ________________ anthropology
  • Scholars: Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead
Configurationalism
interpretive anthropology

Geertz

    • _______________________________
    • ____________________________________
    • Known for his 1973 Balinese cockfighting essay
Interpretive Anthropology
structuralism

Levi-Strauss

    • Idea of structuralism evolved over time
    • ______________________, giving shape to seemingly disparate cultures and creations
      • Main universal structure = ___________________________
      • Used ___________________to emphasis his point
        • Underlying ________________________
Structuralism
scientific method

___________________

  • ___________________
  • ___________________
  • ___________________
Scientific method
scientific method1

What is a hypothesis?

  • ___________________
    • ___________________

.

Scientific method
scientific method2
Scientific method
  • Hypotheses are subject to _______________
    • Must be _________
    • _________________ _________________
scientific method3

What is a theory?

  • ___________________
  • Can you think of an example of a theory?

.

Scientific method
scientific method4

Induction

    • ___________________
  • Deduction
    • ___________________
Scientific method
scientific method5

Four steps:

  • ___________________
    • ___________________
  • ___________________
  • ___________________
  • ___________________
    • ___________________
Scientific method