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Anthropology. Mayans. Mr. Deane December 20 th 2012. Olmec Zapotec Mixtec Toltec Aztec Maya. Mesoamerica. The earliest known m ajor civilization in Mexico. Existed from roughly 1500 BCE - 400 BCE. Olmec culture. The Maya Civilization 2000 BCE - 1511 CE.

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anthropology

Anthropology

Mayans

Mr. Deane

December 20th2012

mesoamerica
Olmec
  • Zapotec
  • Mixtec
  • Toltec
  • Aztec
  • Maya
Mesoamerica
olmec culture
The earliest known

major civilization in

Mexico

Existed from roughly

1500 BCE - 400 BCE

Olmec culture
mayan timekeeping
Tzolk’in – A 260 day calendar used to determine religious and spiritual dates.
  • Haab’ – 365 day calendar made up of 18 months of 20 days each, plus five “Nameless Days” at the end of the year.
  • Calendar Round – A date that gives both the Tzolk’in and Haab’ days. Repeats every 52 years.
Mayan timekeeping
the mesoamerican long count
K’in = 1 day
  • 20 K’in = 1 Winal
  • 18 Winals = 1 Tun
  • 20 Tuns = 1 K’atun
  • 20 K’atun = 1 B’ak’tun

As such, one B’ak’tun corresponds to 144 000 days, or 394.26 of our years.

A linear measure of time from a supposed creation date,

corresponding to August 11th, 3114 BCE.

The Mesoamerican Long Count
so why all this end o f t he world stuff
The starting date of 3114 BCE is said to be the start of the fourth world.
  • The PopulVuh, a book of creation myths, tells a story about three different worlds that were created and destroyed before the appearance of humans. The world before ours was destroyed after the 13thB’ak’tun.
  • December 21st, 2012, is the first day of the 14thB’ak’tun since 3114 BCE.
So why all this End Of The World stuff?
however
The Mayans did NOT predict an end of the world after the 13thB’ak’tun.
  • In fact, they make several predictions relating to dates after 2012, including the completion of the first piktun, on October 13th4772 CE.
  • The 2012 doomsday phenomenon is an invention of recent times, as nowhere did the Maya ever suggest that this world would end at the same date as the last one.
  • We also know, without a shadow of a doubt, that the world did not begin in 3114 BCE.
However…
some of the proposed doomsday scenarios
“Galactic synchronization beam”
  • There is no such thing.
  • “Galactic alignment”
  • Such an alignment would involve an alignment with a completely arbitrary line.
  • It would also take several years to pass through such a point, and could not be pinpointed to a single date.
  • “Gravitational Alignment”
  • Misunderstood concept
  • “Planet X”
  • Doesn’t exist.
Some of the proposed “Doomsday” scenarios.
in conclusion
The Maya were avid astronomers, timekeepers, mathematicians, and one of the few cultures to independently develop a system of writing.
  • They made no apocalyptic predictions regarding 2012, and, in fact, often discussed later dates.
  • The conclusion of the 13thB’ak’tun would have been a big party, not the end of the world.
  • Also, they did, ultimately, fail to predict the collapse of their own empire…
In Conclusion…
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