Plant Cell Structures and Functions
Cells • Robert Hooke was the first to observe cells through a microscope. He called them cells because they looked like “little rooms” • All living things contain cells • Cells are alive • A cell is the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions
cell wall Nickname: “The Supporter” Function: Provides support and protection to the cell membrane.
cell membrane Nickname: “The Barrier” Function: Outer covering of the cell. Controls what goes in and out of the cell.
nucleus Nickname: “The Control Center” Function: Holds the DNA; the brain of the cell.
nucleolus Nickname: “The Mini Control Center” Function: Produces ribosomes.
vacuole Nickname: “The Water Sac” Function: Stores water, nutrients and waste.
endoplasmic reticulum Nickname: “The Highway System” Function: The transport system of the cell.
ribosome Nickname: “The Building Blocks of Cells” Function: Makes protein.
golgi complex Nickname: “The shippers” Function: Packages and sends materials to different location inside/outside of the cell.
mitochondria Nickname: “The Powerhouse” Function: The part of the cell that gets energy from food to make ATP.
lysosome Nickname: “Clean-up Crews” Function: To digest and to break down food.
chloroplast Nickname: “Green Bean” Function: Traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell in a process called photosynthesis.
cytoplasm Nickname: “Jelly Belly” Function: Gooey substance that holds all of the organelles in the cell.
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