Plant Cell Structures and Functions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Plant Cell Structures and Functions

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  1. Plant Cell Structures and Functions

  2. Cells • Robert Hooke was the first to observe cells through a microscope. He called them cells because they looked like “little rooms” • All living things contain cells • Cells are alive • A cell is the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions

  3. cell wall Nickname: “The Supporter” Function: Provides support and protection to the cell membrane.

  4. cell wall

  5. cell membrane Nickname: “The Barrier” Function: Outer covering of the cell. Controls what goes in and out of the cell.

  6. cell membrane

  7. nucleus Nickname: “The Control Center” Function: Holds the DNA; the brain of the cell.

  8. nucleus

  9. nucleolus Nickname: “The Mini Control Center” Function: Produces ribosomes.

  10. nucleolus

  11. vacuole Nickname: “The Water Sac” Function: Stores water, nutrients and waste.

  12. vacuole

  13. endoplasmic reticulum Nickname: “The Highway System” Function: The transport system of the cell.

  14. endoplasmic reticulum

  15. ribosome Nickname: “The Building Blocks of Cells” Function: Makes protein.

  16. ribosomes

  17. golgi complex Nickname: “The shippers” Function: Packages and sends materials to different location inside/outside of the cell.

  18. golgi complex

  19. mitochondria Nickname: “The Powerhouse” Function: The part of the cell that gets energy from food to make ATP.

  20. mitochondria

  21. lysosome Nickname: “Clean-up Crews” Function: To digest and to break down food.

  22. lysosome

  23. chloroplast Nickname: “Green Bean” Function: Traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell in a process called photosynthesis.

  24. chloroplast

  25. cytoplasm Nickname: “Jelly Belly” Function: Gooey substance that holds all of the organelles in the cell.

  26. cytoplasm

  27. A Factory Analogy Want to learn more? Visit our stations around the room!

  28. The End