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Fixed Mobile Convergence

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  1. Fixed Mobile Convergence

  2. Topics • Introduction • Technologies in FMC • FMC with IP • FMC with IMS • FMC with SIP • FMC with UMA

  3. Introduction

  4. Focus: Messaging Trends Global Messaging Market Growing by 1 Billion Users from 2006 to 2010 Wireless Subscriber Growth Next Generation Messaging

  5. ? Mobile Applications Have Come Long Way But This Is Just The Beginning….

  6. Pieces of the Puzzle…. • Originally Voice and SMS • New handset paradigm • Larger Screens • Keyboards • Powerful Graphics • Cameras • Wall Garden – Is it all about control • MVNO’s making changes? • Manageability • Affordable data plans • Slow Rollouts before.. • WiFi is everywhere! • 3G is finally here! • WiMax is coming…

  7. Pieces of the Puzzle….Continuity In Real Time Transfer … Home PC to Mobile Device Mobile Device to PC 3G to Enterprise Home to 3G

  8. So the Puzzle is coming together… Its no longer just a Phone! Lifestyle-enabled communicator and information device. 3G Networks Carrier Rollout Smartphone Adoption Pre-IMS/IMS Cores Content Providers Video Instant Messaging Social Networking E-Mail LBS Traffic Advertising PPT

  9. Consumer and EnterpriseLinking Communities with Unified Messaging Presence-enabled Applications Send an IM Traditional Send/Share Files Send an SMS Carrier Send an E-Mail Presence Make a Call Conference Call Social Start a Video Call Where are you? Enterprise User Controlled Community Groups Unified User Interface and Feature Set

  10. Now that technology is arriving..It’s all about user experience! Challenges • Multiple Devices and Different Users • Multiple Applications • (Voice, VCC, IM, SMS ++) – How to unify • Multiple Access Technologies • (Wi-Fi, Wi-Max, CDMA, GSM, UMTS, DORA) Executive Mother Student E-Mail Document Sharing Traffic Reports Flight Information . Chat Games Music Video . . Traffic Restaurants E-mail . .

  11. Mobile Applications • Mobile Messaging • Voice (VoIP) and VCC • Mobile Video Applications • Streaming Content • Location Services • Interactive Gaming • Web Browsing ABI Research, 2006 Mobilize traditional PC-based applications – FMC.

  12. Cellular Network’s • Wide coverage • Large number of users • Low speeds (in kbps) • High deployment costs

  13. Wired Networks • High speeds • High Bandwidth • Low coverage • Inexpensive to set up

  14. PRE-IMS • UMA ETSI Fixed Mobile Convergence 3GPP2 • ITU-T • Q 1761 • Q FMC-REQ • Q FMC-PAU • Q FMC-IMS WIRELESS/ MOBILE IMS WIRELINE/ FIXED Other organizations involved: OMA, CableLabs, UMAC, FMCA, …

  15. NETWORK CONVERGENCE EDGE / UMTS / HSDPA Service “Umbrella” IP based convergence backbone WiMAX 802.16e WiMAX 802.16d WiFi MacroCell MicroCell PicoCell In-building, Hotspots Urban, Suburban Suburban, Rural

  16. FMC Today Focus on Voice (VCC) and SMS - now Messaging Symbian S60 and UIQ CDMA / BREW (Kyocera Wi-Fi) Windows Mobile (InROM ISV) • Bandwidth and network are limiting factors • Handsets have been an issue • Wi-Fi used in place of 3G • Applications are bandwidth and handset limited Mobility and Bandwidth are driving forces for FMC

  17. Fixed Mobile Convergence • Way of connecting wireless to wireline infrastructure • The ultimate goal of convergence is to deliver seamless experience across multiple locations, multiple devices and multiple types of use (The Yankee group, Nov 2004)

  18. Multi N/w Deployment (Reference:http://www.baypackets.com/fixed_mobile_convergence.html) Features of FMC

  19. Features of FMC • Unified Service of fixed and mobile n/w’s with one phone, one number and one bill • Seamless roaming between cellular, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and what ever wireless technology comes next. • More reliable mobile service with wider coverage at lower cost. Closer integration between public and enterprise phone networks. • Friendly user interfaces that makes it easy to make and manage calls (the user has a choice to select the type of network depending upon cost and convenience).

  20. Features of FMC • Friendly user interface that makes it easy to make and manage calls (the user has a choice of N/w depending upon chose and convenience).

  21. Motivator FMC • Fixed Operator (with no Mobile assets) Perspective • Reverse the loss of voice-service minutes and revenue to mobile providers (MNVOs) • Reduce CAPEX and OPEX (harmonized network) • Offer new value-added Services • Reduce Churn, attract new customers, market “Brand” • Fixed Operator (with Mobile assets) Perspective • Reduce CAPEX and OPEX (harmonized network) • Offer new value-added Services -increase revenue • Mobile Operator Perspective • Reduce CAPEX and OPEX (harmonized network) • Offer new value-added Services` • Improve coverage (indoor /outdoor –Wi-Fi) • Cable Operator Perspective • Can offer a quadruple bundling of VoIP, video, mobility and broadband access services • Source: • Adrian Scrase (ETSI), Mobile Fixed Convergence Progress with the Joint 3GPP and ETSI TISPAN Initiative, 3G World Congress, November 2005 • Girish, Muckai (ARRIS), “Fixed Mobile Convergence for Cable Operators”, June 2006

  22. Objective FMC • Seamless services from the user perspective across the heterogeneousfixed (i.e., PSTN, ISDN, PSDN, WAN/LAN/CATV, etc) and mobile networks should be guaranteed in FMC. • Seamless service provisioning from the operator perspective across the heterogeneous fixed (i.e., PSTN, ISDN, PSDN, WAN/LAN/CATV, etc) and mobile networks should be guaranteed in FMC. • Generalized Mobility supporting should be supported in FMC (i.e., terminal mobility, user mobility and session mobility). For a given scenario, different level mobility may be needed. • Ubiquity of service availability. The end-users can enjoy virtually any application, from any location, on any device. All the services/application can be used by an end-user through any kind of access technology if that service has been subscribed and is supported by his/her terminal device. The service/application availability is only dependent on the user's subscription and capability of the terminals. • Supporting multiple user identities and authentication/authorization mechanisms. Source: Draft of ITU-T FMC-REQ “FMC General Requirements“

  23. So why don’t I give all my employees a mobile phone and be done with it? • Cost - mobile minutes are more expensive than landline minutes • Stranded Assets – I’ve invested in IP PBXs and IP desk phones and do not want those investments to go to waste • Lack of Integration - My deskbound employees don’t need a mobile phone, but I don’t want two islands of users (desk and mobile) Fixed Mobile Convergence – the seamless integration of mobility into business’s fixed infrastructure - addresses each of these concerns

  24. FMC addresses “going mobile” • Cost - mobile minutes are more expensive than landline minutes • Stranded Assets – I’ve invested in IP PBXs and IP desk phones and do not want those investments to go to waste • Lack of Integration - My deskbound employees don’t need a mobile phone, but I don’t want two islands of users A key component of FMC is cost efficiency – many implementations can keep calls “on-net”, saving mobile minutes FMC is designed to work in tandem with existing infrastructure, in many cases making it more useful The beauty of FMC is that deskbound, semi-mobile, and mobile employees share the same feature capability and environment

  25. Technology in FMC

  26. Levels of FMC • Network Convergence: Fixed/mobile networks physically share transportation infrastructure. (access N/w & core N/w) • Commercial Convergence: Resources of Fixed/mobile networks are pooled. • Service Convergence: Seamless delivery of Fixed/mobile telephony and supporting services is achieved. (voice, IM, SMS) • Terminal Convergence:

  27. FMC + Access Technologies: • Digital subscriber line (DSL): 24 Mbps downstream 3 Mbps upstream. converged multimedia applications • Wireless local area network (WLAN): low-cost, high-bandwidth A user with WLAN access could be connected through appropriate multi-access (WLAN and cellular) terminals to the Internet, to the PSTN, or to mobile network(s).

  28. FMC + Access Technologies • Wireless Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) : Broadband wireless access (BWA). 2 - 11 GHz frequency band range (as per IEEE specification in 2004). • Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA):roaming between a cellular network and fixed IP-based wireless networks.

  29. FMC in Some Places Include • Multi Media Messaging Service (MMS) • WLAN with CDMA service • Integrated Portal Service

  30. Multi Media Messaging Service (MMS) • MMS allows mobile phone users send and receive messages with formatted text graphics, photographs and audio –video clips. • With the integration of digital camera and mobile phone, MMS usage increases.

  31. WLAN with CDMA • In a zone where an access point is established, subscribes use WLAN service. When the subscribers are out of zone, they use CDMA. • High speed, low price from WLAN • Wide coverage from CDMA

  32. Integrated Portal Service • Integration of mobile and Web-based portals. • It provides aggregated content and services through a mobile Internet network.

  33. FMC With IP

  34. Current Typical Solutions for FMC • IP-PBX or soft-switch with mobile n/w interface • IMS based coverage solution • UMA Dual Mode solution

  35. What is IP-PBX??? • The Internet Protocol Private Branch eXchange (IP PBX) is telephone switching equipment that resides in a private business instead of the telephone company. • An IP PBX delivers employees dial-tone, the ability to conference, transfer, and dial other employees by extension number as well as many other features. (Virtual Private Network Services..) • Voice transmissions are sent via data packets over a data network instead of the traditional phone network • Least Routing of cellular. • 3G ???(not applicable to 3G)…

  36. Converged Fixed-Mobile solution Fixed N/W IPPBX IP Phone WLAN AP Mobile N/W Dual Mode Device (IP-PBX client)

  37. Reference: http://www.nmscommunications.com/file/WebinarNov05 FixedMobileConvergence.pdf

  38. IP Enabled PBX functions on one device while on campus utilizing the WLA|N (802.11 b/g) infrastructure. Reduces on-campus and inter-campus calls. Only with in campus 3G????(not applicable because IP-PBX does not support) (companies like Nokia, Avaya, Motorola use this technology).

  39. FMC With SIP

  40. FMC using SIP • FMC solutions aimed at wireline operators take an opposite approach from those aimed at wireless providers • Wireline-oriented FMC solutions are based on SIP standards • SIP approach has benefits since SIP has already entered the emerging wireless network (via 3GPP) and is inherently compatible with IMS architecture

  41. INTRODUCTION to SIP • H.323 protocol • Session initiation protocol • SIP considered to be a simpler, more flexible alternative to H.323 with the ability to support advanced services.

  42. What is SIP • SIP or Session Initiation Protocol is an application-level control protocol for setting up, changing and terminating multimedia sessions between participants on IP data networks. • SIP is a text-based protocol, similar to HTTP and SMTP, for initiating interactive communication sessions between users. Such sessions include voice, video, chat, interactive games, and virtual reality.

  43. SIP Architecture

  44. SIP Entities • User Agent User Agent Client User Agent Server • Proxy Server • Redirect Server • Registrar Server

  45. How SIP works • Long distance calls through the traditional telephony • Telephony system works via a cog and wheel setup • SIP refers to a protocol that allows computers to talk to each other without going through a central station. • SIP is typically offered in two formats, computer based and hardware based

  46. SIP based telephony

  47. SIP Session Establishment and Termination

  48. Services that SIP can provide • Call Hold • Consultation Hold • Unattended Transfer • Call forward on Busy/NoAnswer/Unconditiona • 3-Way Conference • Find-Me • Incoming/Outgoing Call Screening • Call Waiting

  49. SIP structure

  50. SIP based FMC solution