Review of european small boiler regulation and technology
Download
1 / 24

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 380 Views
  • Uploaded on

Review of European Small Boiler Regulation and Technology. Louis Fontaine Department of Environmental Protection Augusta ME 04333 (207) 287-7010 [email protected] Overview. European Test Method Emissions Standard Technology Effect on Competition and Innovation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - ivi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Review of european small boiler regulation and technology l.jpg

Review of European Small Boiler Regulation and Technology

Louis Fontaine

Department of Environmental Protection

Augusta ME 04333

(207) 287-7010

[email protected]


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • European Test Method

  • Emissions Standard

  • Technology

  • Effect on Competition and Innovation


Eu standard en 303 5 l.jpg
EU Standard EN 303-5

  • Adopted 1999

  • Solid Fuel Boilers Up to 300 kW ( 1 MMBtu)

  • Applies to fossil and biogenic fuels

    • Coal, logs, pellet, chips, etc

  • Automatic and hand stoked

  • Construction Standards, Test Method and Emission Standard


  • En 303 5 test method l.jpg
    EN 303-5 Test Method

    • Two Firing Rates

      • Nominal and 30% load

        • 50% load allowed for hand stoked models

    • Logwood Fuel

      • Can be Soft Wood or Hard Wood

      • “Net (lower) calorific value (waterfree)”

        • Hardwood – 18,000 kJ/kg


    En 303 5 test method5 l.jpg
    EN 303-5 Test Method

    • Parameters Measured

      • CO2 or O2

      • CO

      • Organic Carbon (“OGC”)

      • “Dust” (Particulates)

      • NOx when applicable

    • Efficiency

      • Ratio of delivered useful heat output to heat input


    En 303 5 test method6 l.jpg
    EN 303-5 Test Method

    • Measurement Type

      • All parameters are monitored continuously

      • ECXEPT

    • “Dust”

      • Minimum of 4 individual 30-minute samples


    En 303 5 test report example l.jpg

    “OGC”

    “NOx”

    “Dust”

    EN 303-5 Test Report Example


    En 303 5 test method8 l.jpg
    EN 303-5 Test Method

    • Passing Grade Varies by:

      • Boiler “Class”: 1, 2 or 3

        • 1 = dirtiest; 3 = cleanest

      • Boiler Size

      • Fuel: Biogenic v. Fossil

      • Stoking: Manual v. Automatic



    En 303 5 efficiency requirement l.jpg
    EN 303-5 Efficiency Requirement

    • Measured and calculated similar to ASTM

    • Varies by size, stoking and boiler class



    Europe vs north america l.jpg
    Europe vs. North America

    • Intertek Results for “Brian”

    • Intertek Results for “Rick”


    Slide13 l.jpg

    Advanced European Small Boiler

    • Ceramic Lined Firebox

    • Downdraft Air

    • Air Supply Controlled by Electronic O2 Sensor

    • Separate Water Heat Exchange

    • Separate Heat Accumulator


    Hs tarm solo plus l.jpg
    HS Tarm Solo Plus

    Lamda O2 Controller

    Fire Tube Heat Exchange

    Down Draft Air

    Secondary Air

    Ceramic Firebox




    How do we handel difference in test methods l.jpg
    How Do We Handel Difference In Test Methods

    Apples and Oranges

    or

    Macintoshes and Granny Smiths

    Before and After cases from European


    Slide18 l.jpg

    Swedish Boiler StudyParticulate Emissions d

    • “Emission characteristics of modern and old-type residential

    • boilers fired with wood logs and wood pellets”, L.S. Johansson et al. / Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 4183–4195


    Slide19 l.jpg

    European Particulate Emission Estimate e

    • Wood Combustion in Domestic Appliances Prepared in the Framework of EGTEI, Final background document version 2: 12/10/2005, Prepared by CITEPA, Paris


    Result of strict regulations and incentives in austria l.jpg
    Result of Strict Regulations and Incentives in Austria

    • 30% of Households Heat with Wood

    • Logwood Boiler Efficiency Improved

      • 1982 – 61%

      • 2000 – 90%

    • 10,000 Advanced Wood Boiler Installed Each Year


    Result of strict regulations and incentives in austria21 l.jpg
    Result of Strict Regulations and Incentives in Austria

    AFB-net Newsletter, September, 1998, www.etsu.com/Europ/AFB/contents.htm


    Result of strict regulations and incentives in austria22 l.jpg
    Result of Strict Regulations and Incentives in Austria

    AFB-net Newsletter, September, 1998, www.etsu.com/Europ/AFB/contents.htm


    Result of strict regulations and incentives in austria23 l.jpg
    Result of Strict Regulations and Incentives in Austria

    • Average Cost of Logwood Heating System

    $7,500 U.S. Dollars

    energytech.at –Solid Biomass, a Technology Portrait

    Vienna, August 2000


    Future prospects l.jpg
    Future Prospects

    • Existing Technology Can Improve Performance and Increase Efficiency

    • Europe Can Provide A Model For Industry and Government

    • Wood Boiler Sales Can Increase While Emissions Decrease


    ad