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M/V BARKALD and S/V ESSENCE Collision Long Island Sound September 20, 2006 M/V BARKALD Self-discharging bulk freight vessel Steel hull; 623 ft in length; 28,912 gross tons Crew of 30 plus NY Pilot

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m v barkald and s v essence collision

M/V BARKALD and S/V ESSENCE Collision

Long Island Sound

September 20, 2006

m v barkald
M/V BARKALD
  • Self-discharging bulk freight vessel
  • Steel hull; 623 ft in length; 28,912 gross tons
  • Crew of 30 plus NY Pilot
  • Equipped with 4 deck cranes mounted on starboard side; conveyor belt apparatus mounted on port side
  • Transiting from Bridgeport anchorage enroute Nova Scotia
s v essence
S/V ESSENCE
  • Pleasure yacht / auxiliary sailing vessel
  • FRP hull; 92 ft in length; 95 gross tons
  • Crew of 3 / no pax – licensed Master, unlicensed Mate, U.S. licensed Cook
  • Transiting from Newport to Greenwich
weather conditions
Weather Conditions
  • Clear skies
  • Visibility +10 miles
  • North-northwest winds at 10 kts
  • 2 - 4 foot chop
  • Air temp 70 degrees F
m v barkald bridge team
M/V BARKALD Bridge Team
  • Pilot: Captain James Mahlmann, NY Pilot for NY Harbor and LIS – licensed for LIS in August ’06 – this was his 3rd solo trip through LIS – had sailed BARKALD in past
  • OOW – 2nd Mate – licensed Officer – 3 months on board
  • AB and OS on helm & throttle controls
  • Master and Cadet on bridge, not on watch
s v essence10
S/V ESSENCE
  • Unlicensed Mate on watch / had been ill day before – 2 yrs on board – 1st trip through LIS
  • Cook sleeping in pilot house
  • Master asleep below in main salon on port side
  • VHF, GPS, radar & chart plotter energized
  • Nav lights energized – running lights, masthead light & stern light
  • Motor sailing – both engines and mainsail set
lookouts
Lookouts
  • On ESSENCE – Mate on watch
  • On BARKALD – Pilot, OOW, AB & OS
  • No dedicated lookout on BARKALD
  • Pilot stated he requested a bow lookout for LIS transit during Pilot/Master exchange
  • Master stated Pilot never asked and he never offered
collision
Collision
  • Vessels on nearly reciprocal courses
  • BARKALD making 14 kts
  • ESSENCE making 8 kts
  • All nav lights energized and working properly on both vessels
  • All nav systems and ship systems operating properly on both vessels
  • Visual contact made by ESSENCE at 10+ miles
  • Visual contact made by BARKALD at .2 miles
collision13
Collision
  • Radio comms initiated by ESSENCE
  • No specific meeting arrangement was made
  • ESSENCE reported to BARKALD that BARKALD’s port light was out, and made slight turn to starboard
  • Pilot did not respond to port light comment
  • ESSENCE affirmed he would stay clear & made hard turn to starboard, crossing BARKALD’s bow
communication details
Communication Details
  • Comms initiated by ESSENCE 1 minute and 17 seconds prior to collision
    • “Motor vessel off my port, motor vessel off my port, sailing yacht ESSENCE, come in please, over.”
  • BARKALD responds after second call
    • “Yes, this is the motor vessel off your port side.”
  • ESSENCE responds
    • “Hi, I’m sailing yacht ESSENCE. Um, I just wanted to let you know, I don’t know if you know this, but, um, your – your port light is not working only the starboard is shining, over.”
  • BARKALD responds
    • “Okay, so are you going to stay clear of my vessel?”
  • ESSENCE responds
    • “Ya, I’m staying clear of your vessel.”
  • BARKALD responds
    • “You’re talking to a large cargo ship, correct?”
  • ESSENCE responds
    • “That’s you ahead.”
collision15
Collision
  • BARKALD maintained course and speed at all times
  • Pilot was on the starboard bridge wing at the time of the collision; 2nd Mate was in pilot house
  • ESSENCE crew survived collision
  • BARKALD deployed life boat after collision
  • CG Station New Haven launched 25’ rescue boat
  • CG rescued ESSENCE Mate and Cook
  • BARKALD lifeboat rescued ESSENCE Master
conclusions of cg investigation primary cause
Conclusions of CG InvestigationPrimary Cause
  • The failure of the Mate on the ESSENCE to properly identify the aspect of the lights of the BARKALD and his position in relation to the BARKALD.
  • He failed to take proper action to avoid collision – Rule 8.
  • He effected a 70 to 90 degree turn to starboard, crossing the BARKALD bow, resulting in the collision.
conclusions of cg investigation contributing causes
Conclusions of CG Investigation Contributing Causes
  • The failure of the Mate on the ESSENCE to determine that risk of collision existed with BARKALD – Rule 7
  • The failure of the bridge team on the BARKALD to make visual contact and/or radar contact with ESSENCE in sufficient time to determine whether risk of collision existed – Rule 7
  • The failure of the Pilot and 2nd Mate of BARKALD to determine a head-on situation existed with ESSENCE – Rule 14
conclusions of cg investigation contributing causes18
Conclusions of CG Investigation Contributing Causes
  • The failure of the Pilot and 2nd Mate on the BARKALD to maintain a proper lookout – Rule 5
  • The bridge team on the BARKALD failed to comply with company policy to post a lookout on the bridge as required during the hours of darkness
  • Improper communications
questions dawn kallen marine investigator dawn m kallen@uscg mil 203 468 4506
QUESTIONS?Dawn Kallen, Marine InvestigatorDawn.M.Kallen@uscg.mil(203) 468-4506