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DPG – Environment and Natural Resources Presentation to Honourable Minister of Natural Resources and Tourism Mr. Anthony Diallo. Challenges and opportunities in the Natural Resources Sector DPG-Environment and Natural Resources Commitment to Government Frameworks
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DPG – Environment and Natural Resources Presentation to Honourable Minister of Natural Resources and TourismMr. Anthony Diallo • Challenges and opportunities in the Natural Resources Sector • DPG-Environment and Natural Resources • Commitment to Government Frameworks • Solutions and immediate steps
Challenges Natural Resources sector complexities: • Various tenure and utilisation arrangements • Stakeholders at different levels competing for resources (e.g. water for irrigation, livestock, hydropower etc.) • Need for ensuring the balance between utilisation and conservation • Use of tools such as licenses, quotas, bans etc. • Service delivery to other sectors and geographical areas (e.g. 95% of energy supplied by forests in various ways), with insufficient compensation arrangements • Global influences e.g. Climate Change with mitigation and adaptation challenges
Current (Pres.) attention: Drought and energy crisis with links to NR Mismanagement and good governance in NRM In general, cases of poor governance, e.g. log-scams, continues to occur… Responses: Tree planting campaign, logging and transportation ban Within existing government frameworks e.g. Forestry Policy, Act and Programme? Appropriate and adequate responses? Challenges continued…
Lost Opportunities for Poverty Reduction Challenges remain: • Provision exist for community-based management in legal frameworks, but not fully implemented, delayed and/or unattractive • Not sufficient number of jobs in NR industry created in Tanzania, and benefits not always shared • Un-compensated environmental services Poor depend on NR: • Own consumption e.g. firewood for cooking, fish and bush meat (about 1/3) for protein intake • Income from sale of processed/un-processed resources (e.g. honey, dried fish, charcoal, etc.) • Employment (and income) in resource utilisation, e.g. jobs in tourism, fish industry etc.
Lost Opportunities for Growth(Top NR based growth sectors are : Mining, Tourism, Hunting and Fisheries) Growth hampered by: • Limited knowledge about abundance and exploitation limited – sustainable growth levels difficult to predict • Current private sector experience disincentives for investments e.g. in forestry However, potential exists: • Managing state owned forest plantation (135-230,000 ha) through Private-Public-Community Concession Arrangements • Wildlife-based tourism expansion and diversification of tourism products e.g. expansion to the southern and western tourism circuit
Lost Opportunities for Revenue Generation However, potential is high: • Fisheries TSh9.7 billion in revenue in 2004 • Forestry TSh 11.4 billion in revenue last year • Tourism annual growth rate in revenue app. 30% - based primarily on wildlife Revenue collection suffering: • Limited info about value and lack of efficiency and transparency in revenue collection (e.g. annual license for foreign fisheries vessel equals earnings from 1 day’s catch!) • Revenue collection not used as a management tool to guide/direct resource exploitation to specific resources/species and geographical areas
DPG-Environment and Natural Resources • Terms of Reference ”to increase the effectiveness of Development Partners’ efforts to support a concerted environment and Natural Resources agenda and provide coordinated contributions” • Participants: Belgium, CIDA, Danida (chair), EU, FAO, Finland, GTZ, ILO, Netherlands, Norway, USAID, UNDP, UN-Habitat, UNIDO, World Bank • Produced briefs on Forestry, Fisheries and Wildlife (specifically hunting) outlining challenges and opportunities in sectors, which links the sectors to poverty reduction and good governance
DP commitment to Government Frameworks • MKUKUTA acknowledges natural resources challenges, and policy and legal frameworks largely in place: (a) Forestry, (b)Fisheries, (c) Wildlife (though revisions necessary). • DPs support implementation of existing legal framework & assist in addressing specific emergency cases (e.g. Independent Forest Monitoring) • DPs committed to harmonisation and alignment, good governance and and broad sector perspective – incl. private sector and civil society (e.g. forestry SWAp initiated) • DPs encourage sector coordination and dialogue: • Within MNRT: Coordination across divisions and improved policy & planning sub-sector engagement e.g. in M&E • Closer cooperation between MNRT and VPO-DoE & NEMC, and use of Environment Working Group
Solutions from DP point of view • Implementation of existing legal framework • Strengthening of enforcement • Increasing capacity and efficiency e.g. change management in establishment of TFS • Promoting ”correct” incentives for sustainable management for the benefit of Tanzania – in line with existing Government frameworks: • ”Healthy” private sector involvement e.g. removing barriers and creating effective market based competition • Securing rights to resources of communities, and strengthen their capacity for NR management
Immediate steps Time is opportune for: • Government review of the sector incl. Ministry of Finance review of NR revenue collection • High level Government retreat to discuss state of the sector – amongst others to facilitate the work of the new Cabinet Committee on Environment • Responses initiated building upon existing Government frameworks DPs committed to assist in any way possible!