Adjectives. Adjectives. Describes a noun or pronoun. Special kinds of words used to make other words more definite. Modifiers provide additional information. Adjectives describes or limits the word it modifies. Look at these sentences …. The boat sank. (without modifier)
Adjectives • Describes a noun or pronoun. • Special kinds of words used to make other words more definite. • Modifiers provide additional information. • Adjectives describes or limits the word it modifies.
Look at these sentences … • The boat sank. (without modifier) • The red boat sank. (with modifier)
Placement of adjectives • Adjectives usually come before the nouns they modify. (towering cliffs) • Sometimes they come after the words they modify. (Rainfall is plentiful here)
Adjectives … • Answer questions such as: • What kind? How many? How much? • Which one? Which ones?
Articles • a • an • the
Proper adjective • Formed from a proper noun and is always capitalized. • Example: A Chicago museum
Common adjective • Any adjective that is not proper • Examples: • mammoth • tiny • his
Three types of adjectives • Compound • Demonstrative • Indefinite • Predicate
Compound adjective • More than one word • Example: • scar-faced • well-fed
Demonstrative adjective • Points out a particular noun • Examples: • this • these
Indefinite adjective • An approximate number or quantity • Examples: • some • many
Predicate adjective • Follows linking verb and describes the subject • Example: • The frustrated kitten is unpleasant.
Forms of adjectives • Positive • Comparative • Superlative • Two-syllable • Three or more syllables
Positive adjective • Describes noun/pronoun without comparing it • Example: • Superman is tough. • Superman is wonderful.
Comparative adjective • Compares two persons, places, things, ideas • Examples: • Tarzan is tougher than Superman.
Superlative adjectives • Compares three or more persons, places, things, or ideas • Examples: • But I, Big Bird, am the toughest of all!
Two-syllable adjectives • Show comparisons either by their “er / est” suffixes or by modifiers, like more and most • Examples: • clumsy, clumsier, clumsiest • clumsy, more clumsy, most clumsy
Three or more syllable adjectives • Three or more syllables and usually require the words more/most, less/least to express comparison • Example: • ridiculous, less ridiculous, least ridiculous