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What do you know about China?. In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China. Some facts about China. Geography. China is comparable in size to the United States. Topography of China.

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what do you know about china

What do you know about China?

In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China.

topography of china
Topography of China
  • Mountains in the West and the Pacific Ocean in the East serve as natural boundaries
  • 2 Seasons:
    • Summer=Wet season
    • Winter= Dry Season
the 19 th century qing dynasty
The 19th Century Qing Dynasty
  • Britain, France, and Germany sought to expand trade in China
  • First Opium War (1840-1842)
    • Treaty of Nanking, 1842 - China loses Hong Kong to Britain
  • Second Opium War (1856-1860)
    • Britain, Japan, France, and Russia all obtained land from China
effects of the opium wars
Effects of the Opium Wars
  • Internal rebellions throughout China
  • Anti-Qing sentiment grew
  • China was in danger of being “carved up” by European powers
the tongzhi restoration
The Tongzhi Restoration
  • The Tongzhi Emperor and the Empress Dowager Cixi
sino japanese war 1894 1895
Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895
  • Shameful to China
  • Led to The Reform Movement 1894-1895
  • Emperor Guangxu willing to work with reformers
  • Empress regained control, executed the reformers and banished Emperor Guangxu
  • Attempt at modernization failed
boxer rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
  • Led by the “Society of the Righteous Fist”
  • Directed anger at Europeans and Christian Missionaries
  • Goal was to expel “foreign devils” from China
  • Foreign response - 8 nations including the U.S. take control of Nanking
  • Exemplified how ineffective the Manchu Dynasty had become
1911 revolution
1911- Revolution
  • Dr. Sun Yat-sen - Revolutionary Leader
    • Ideas of nationalism and democracy made up his vision of China
  • 1912 - Founding of the Republic of China
  • Sun is elected President
Sun is challenged by Yuan Shikai who was a military governor general
  • 1915 - Yuan sets himself up as emperor but dies in 1916
  • China goes into a state of chaos
  • Difficult to establish the Republic
the nationalist party kmt
The Nationalist Party KMT
  • 1920s - Under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen
  • 1921 - Communist Party formed in Shanghai
  • 1923 - KMT and Communist Party of China united
  • 1925 - Sun Yat-sen died
  • Chiang Kai-shek took over KMT
    • Broke away from the Communists
    • Communists fled to the countryside
chiang kai shek
Chiang Kai-Shek
  • Campaign to unify China
  • Hatred of Communists and warlords
  • Purged communists - Mao Zedong and Zhu De
  • Extermination campaigns
  • Backed by foreign investors
  • Declared head of national government in 1928
the long march 1934
The Long March1934
  • Led by Mao Zedong
  • Approx. 100,000 men and women
  • Marched for 6,000 miles into Shaanxi Province
  • Intended to launch “people’s war”
  • Only 10,000 made it to Shaanxi (about 10%)
Party Conference of Zunyi in Guizhou Province, 1935
  • Mao took leadership of the Communist Party
china during world war ii
China During World War II
  • 1931 - Japan invaded Manchuria
  • 1937 - Japan invaded China proper (Beijing)
  • Fall of Shanghai
  • Forced KMT to unite with the Communists again
world war ii
World War II
  • War broke out in Europe, 1939
  • Germany stopped supplying weaponry to the Nationalist-Communist coalition
  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor, 1941
  • United States became allied with China
chongqing capital of china during world war ii
Chongqing - Capital of China during World War II
  • Americans and British supplied China’s United Front with supplies flown over the Himalayas
  • Chiang Kai-shek did not distribute these to the Red Army
  • United Front collapsed
world war ii ends
Power struggle in China between the Nationalist Party led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong

U.S. sided with Chiang Kai-shek

Peace negotiations took place in Chongqing (mediated by the U.S.)

Talks ended in a stalemate

World War II ends
civil war in china
Civil War in China
  • 1948 - Communists formed the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)
  • Attacked Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists
communist china
Communist China
  • October 1, 1949 - Mao declared the People’s Republic of China
  • Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan - took China’s gold reserves with him
communist china1
Communist China
  • With the exception of Taiwan, CCP manages to reunify all of China
  • United States refuses to recognize Mao and the CCP
china under communism
China under Communism
  • 1957 - The Hundred Flowers Campaign
  • 1958 - The Great Leap Forward
  • 1960s - Break in US-USSR relations
    • Soviet Union stopped all aid to China
the cultural revolution
The Cultural Revolution
  • 1964 - Mao Zedong utilized the youth of China against his critics
  • 1966 - the Red Guard is created
  • Attacked the “Four Olds”: ideas, culture, customs, and habits
  • Guards attacked anything perceived to be related to capitalism or anything deemed as Western
cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution
  • August, 1966: Deng Xiaoping and his followers were removed from power and imprisoned
  • Late 1960s - 1970s: Cultural Revolution became increasingly violent - attacked intellectuals, shopkeepers, religion, etc.
what was the position of the u s towards china through the cultural revolution
What was the position of the U.S. towards China through the Cultural Revolution?
  • U.S. industries and businesses would benefit from the fall of the CCP
  • Continued to support Chiang Kai-shek
  • Created fear of a Sino-Soviet pact at home
  • In 1964 - China exploded its first atomic bomb- forced the U.S. to reconsider its policy towards China
  • 1970s - Sino-U.S. relations transformed
  • 1971 - Secretary of State Henry Kissinger secretly visits China