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Unit Two

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  1. Unit Two News media

  2. Do you know how a newspaper is made?

  3. Interview (journalist) Meeting (chief editor and journalists) Taking pictures (photographer)

  4. Writing reports Deciding the contents and the headlines Developing films

  5. Delivering newspapers Publishing newspapers Buying newspapers

  6. Reading text Behind the Headlines

  7. The text below is about reporters and newspapers. Look at the title and the pictures. Try to guess which of the following questions the text will answer. ____How does a reporter decide what to write? ____How much does a newspaper cost? ____Why do people read newspapers? ____How do newspapers report what happens? ____Where do people read newspapers? ____How do newspapers help us understand the world?

  8. What’s their job? Are they interviewing people or being interviewed? talented journalists interviewer switch Chen Ying Zhu Lin interviewee

  9. Listening Try to decide the following sentences are True or alse

  10. Newspapers and other media only tell people what happens. • A journalist has to do exactly as his editor tells him when he decides what he’s going to write. • The first thing a journalist does in writing a report is (to) make appointments for interviews. • Chen Ying’s favourite story is about an ordinary young woman. • The media can often help solve problems and draw attention to situations where help is needed. F F T F T

  11. F 6. Newspapers and other media simply record what happens. • In this passage, Chen Ying and Zhu Lin are playing a role of interviewers in order to get some information from others. • A reporter begins his/her work by preparing questions and then contacts the people to be interviewed. • An editor’s job is to keep the newspaper balanced and interesting to readers. F F T

  12. F 10 As a reporter, his/her basic task is to discuss his/her articles with the editor, listen to his comments and suggestions. 11. Carefully written articles and TV programmes can cause misunderstandings between people in different countries. 12. If a reporter writes about the efforts made to bring stolen cultural relics back, he/she has to contact famous museums around the world and interview the experts in the field. F T

  13. 1.What’s the task of an editor/ a reporter? 2.Which article do they like best? 3.What would they like to write about 4.Uses of news media 5.How do media influence our life? Reading

  14. Skimming • What is the topic paragraph and topic sentence for the passage? Newspapers and other media do more than simply record what happens. • What is the interview with ZhuLin and Chen Ying about? The interview with Zhu Lin and Chen Ying is mainly about ___________________ and _________________________. the journalists’ work how the news is made editor / reporter

  15. to keep ..balanced ,interesting suggest, listen, (long& important ) tell…develop editor (decide) discuss (before interview) contact, prepare get…to talk (interview) how to ask, reporter present (organized) (after interview) make sure…reflect (truthfully)

  16. Zhu Lin Chen Ying which of the articles do you like best ? about the efforts to bring ..back contact …museums interview… experts ( news& story) about an ordinary young woman adapt to…life ( with real passion, realize … different)

  17. You would like to write about... Zhu Lin Chen Ying explore mysteries in life music, art, nature spiritual fulfillment The basic task is to report an event truthfully. people we seldom read about ( solve…social problems, help … suffer from.., not ignore )

  18. Uses of news media 1. help solve problems and draw attention to situations where help is needed. 2. help people become interested in important questions around the world. 3. help people all over the world know about each other. How important news media are!

  19. How do the media influence our life? solve problems and draw attention to situations where help is needed better understanding … on all sides future world where…people are respected views, opinions are tolerated

  20. What is the main idea or the topic sentence of each paragraph? Newspaper and other media do more than simply record what happens. Para 1: Para 2: Para 3: Para 4: Para 5: How the journalists decide what they are going to write. The favourite articles that Chen Ying and Zhu Lin have each written. What kind of articles Chen Ying and Zhu Lin would like to write in the future. The news media can help people understand each other and this world better.

  21. Debate Famous people are often asked for their opinions on current affairs. Why do people want to hear their opinions? Should we listen to them? For example, if a film or sports star is asked to comment on a “hot topic”, do their opinions matter?

  22. Pros Cons They don’t know much about what they are talking about. They are often young and lack experience. They don’t know much about ordinary people and the life we live. They are normal people like us. They are famous. They are”neutral”; they don’t belong to either side of the the argument.

  23. more than experienced editors make informed decisions relate to sb./sth. for once rather than give sb. suggestions a feature story develop the story keep…balanced present…in an organised way not only 经验丰富的编辑 make decisions based on information and knowledge understand sb. /sth. 就这一次 而不是, 代替 给某人建议 专题报道 展开故事 使...平衡 表述...条理清晰 Useful expressions

  24. 12. reflect… truthfully 13. adapt to sth. 14. spiritual fulfilment 15. be addicted to… 16. suffer from 17. even if… 18. draw (one’s) attention to 19. carefully written articles 20. printed articles 21. a better understanding of… 22. on all sides 真实地反映... 适应... 精神满足 沉溺于... 遭受... 即使 吸引对...的注意 精心采写的文章 书面文章 对...更好的了解 各个方面

  25. 23. a critical reader 24. check news sources 25. change one’s mind 26. current affairs 27. comment on… 28. hot topic 29. burn down 30. go up 31. would rather do sth. 32. caring citizens 33. make one’s voices heard 能评判的读者 核对消息来源 改变主意 时事 对...评价 热点话题 烧成平地 上升 宁愿做某事 热心的市民 表达某人的意见/心声

  26. Difficult sentences • Newspapers and other media domore than simplyrecord what happen. Listening is more than listen with ears. 2. They also make sure that readers can relate to the stories. relate to sb./sth. 理解/同情某人(某物) It’s difficult to relate to the life of a scientist. vt.relate… to/with…把…与…联系起来 If you relate the results to /with the cause, you will find things are not that simple.

  27. (2)常用于被动语态:be related to “与…有关系” • Wealth is seldom related to happiness (3)vi. 有关;涉及;常与介词 to连用 That does not relate to him.

  28. 3. The two reporters agreed to switch roles for once and be the interviewees rather than the interviewers in order to let us know about their work and how the news we read is made. for once=just for once /for this once就这/那一次 For once you are right. rather than=and not (1)而不,非(连接两个平行结构) He decided to write rather than to phone. I’d like to go there in autumn rather than in summer.

  29. He was engaged in writing a letter rather than reading a newspaper. • (2) 与其说…….不如说…… • He is a writer rather than a teacher.=He is more a writer than a teacher.与其说他是教师不如说他是作家. • (3)would…rather than… • Would rather…than..  宁愿…… 也不 …… • (would)prefer…rather than… • I would die rather than give in to him. • =I would rather die than give in to him. • =I (would)prefer to die rather than give in to him.

  30. 4. A reporter begins by contacting the people to be interviewed and then prepares questions. 5…. It was the first time that I had written with real passion… 6. The result is a better understanding of the world on all sides, leading to a future world where people from all countries are respected and different views and opinions are tolerated.

  31. A reporter begins by contactingthe people to be interviewedand then prepares questions.

  32. interview n. / vt. (As a noun, it refers to an activity.) interviewee n. (It refers to a person who are interviewed.) interviewer n. (It refers to a person who interviews somebody else.)

  33. Language points

  34. 2.Which of the news media above is the most reliable? media意为”媒体;大众传媒”, medium的复数形式,谓语须由复数配合. e.g. The media have been filled with tales of horror and loss resulting from Monday’s earthquake.

  35. reliable 可信赖的,可依靠的,确定的 1.They are reliable friends . 2.We can’t rely on her for help . rely on / upon sb. for help 指望某人的帮助 rely on/upon =depend on 依靠 I rely on her to pay back the money. You may rely on it that he will come to meet you. rely on it that 句式,“放心好了”

  36. 3. fire fire的动词用法 (1) 解雇,开除=dismiss (hire 雇佣) The man was fired for not being fit for the position. (2) 开火,开枪 vt./vi. He fired (his gun)at the big snake. We must find out who fired the first shot.

  37. (3) 激发(人、感情等),使充满热情 The story fired his imagination. fire的名词用法 火,火灾catch fire / (be) on fire / put out the fire / set …on fire / set fire to …

  38. 4.face vt. (1) (人)面临/正视(困难等) (危险、困难等)迫近 He faced the difficulty with courage. We must face these difficulties and overcome them.

  39. (2)face sb. with 使…面临;把…摆在某人 面前 Sb be faced with面对,面临 face…with (用…)覆盖在…正面 Sth be faced with 被…所覆盖 e.g. 我面对着一个新问题. I am faced with a new problem.

  40. (3)面对;面向(可与介词to/ towards/ on连用) • 那房子面朝南. • The house faces south/ the south/ to the south.

  41. (4)face the music (对自己的行为结果)负起责任 小男孩被抓住在考试中做弊,他不得不对 此负起责任. The boy was caught cheating in the exam and had to face the music.

  42. go up 上升,增长,提高,延伸,叫喊 1.The goods have gone up in quality ,but have not gone up in price 2. The life went up to the fourth floor . 3. There is a path going up to the mountaintop . 4. A cheer went up in the hall. burn down The wood-shed burnt down in half an hour. rob sb./ a place of sth / steal sth from sb. 1.Mrs Smith was robed of her 83,000 designer watch at her westLondon home . 2. She was caught stealing food from the shop .

  43. 5. The editor’s job is tokeep the newspaper balanced and interestingto the readers. 编辑的任务是保持报纸的均衡和趣味性。

  44. keep the newspaper balanced and interesting 为keep + 宾语+宾补结构式, 使人或物保持…状态, 宾补可以由介词短语、形容词、副词和分词短语充当。 I alwayskeepthe key in my pocket. 我总是把钥匙放在口袋里。

  45. I’m sorry tokeepyou waiting for so long. 真抱歉让你等了这么长时间。 Pleasekeepthe room clean. 请保持室内清洁。 Keep him out.别让他进来。

  46. He or she must present the material in an organized way and make sure that the article reflects events and opinions truthfully.

  47. reflect vt. make a visible image of … 反射;映出 Mirrors reflect light. trees reflected in the water to show反映;表现 Her sad looks reflected the nature of her thoughts.

  48. 6. Even though I have interviewed famous people, the story I like best is about an ordinary young woman who tries to adapt to her new life after having studied abroad. 尽管我采访过名人,但是我最喜欢的还是关于一个从国外学习归来的普通女孩努力适应新生活的故事。

  49. Even if I have to walk all the way, I will get there. 即使我一路走着去,我也要走到那里。 I like her even though she can be annoying. 尽管她有时很恼人,我还是喜欢她。

  50. b. adapt to适合 When he moved to Canada, the children adapted to the change very well. 他移居加拿大后孩子们很快适应了变化。