Unit 2: Measures and indicators for behavioural surveillance. After completing this unit you should be able to:. Understand the characteristics of a good indicator Select indicators for behavioural surveillance
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Behavioural surveillance indicators should define aspects of behaviour that are key to the spread of HIV.
These include behaviours that determine the likelihood that an uninfected person will come into contact with an infected person, such as:
Behaviours that determine the likelihood that transmission of HIV will occur if contact with an infected person occurs:
General population and clients of sex workers:
Commercial sex workers:
Defining time reference periods: the risk of HIV?, cont.
For example, it would be difficult for many IDUs to remember how many times they injected in the last year. If we asked about injecting in the last hour, the IDU would remember, but most people would respond “Not at all,” and we would not get a good idea of the risk behaviours. We need a balance.
Group work the risk of HIV?, cont.
Work in groups to improve the following indicators. Your instructor will give you a time limit and further instructions.
Indicator 1: The average number of unsafe injections per drug user per year
Indicator 2: Number of men who had sex with more than one male partner in the last 12 months
Indicator 3: The percentage of sex workers who used a condom at last sex
But… (next slide)
Who wins? Or is there a compromise?
a. How can we define ‘regular’ and ‘non-regular’ sexual partners?
b. Can single people have regular partners? What if they don’t live together?
c. What do we mean by ‘commercial’ sex?
What do the following indicators measure? Which is more useful?
a. Married men who go to a sex worker
b. Men who go to sex workers who are married