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Animal Science II- Small Animal

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  1. Animal Science II- Small Animal Unit C- The Small Animal Care Industry

  2. Competency 6.00 Interpret the status of the small animal industry today.

  3. Objective • Explain how the small animal care industry is important to society Animal Care Industry & Society

  4. Assignment • Title your notes today Small Animal Industry • Brainstorm how the Small Animal Industry can benefit society in general. Put a few of your own ideas in you notebook.

  5. Benefits of Small Animals • Economic • $32 billion to national economy • Companions to 60% of American Families • Children learn responsibility • Improves quality of life for elderly • Product testing • Develop drugs and vaccines

  6. Benefits of Small Animals • Pet therapy • Relieve depression • Reduces heart disease • Watch dogs, seeing eye dogs • Rabbit meat • Low in cholesterol, sodium and fat • Fur and wool

  7. Benefits of Small Animals • Exhibition • Rabbits provide multiple benefits • Pets • Food • Clothing • Research

  8. Economics • Retail pet stores • $21 billion in sales • Biomedical research • Supported by $15 million in taxes • 65-100 million small animals • Education • 6 million used for dissection

  9. Economics • 4 million small animals used in the LD50 test • Americans spending on pets • $20.3 billion

  10. Economics • Veterinary expenses • $11 billion annually • Dogs cost twice as much as cats • Pet food sales • $9 billion

  11. Pet Ownership- Dogs • There are approximately 65 million owned dogs in the United States • Most owners (65%) own one dog • 33% of owners own two dogs • 12% of owners own three or more dogs • Slightly more male dogs are owned than female dogs • Eighteen percent of owned dogs were adopted from an animal shelter • On average, dog owners spent $263 on veterinary related expenses in the past 12 months • Seventy-two percent of owned dogs are spayed or neutered Source: American Pet Products Manufacturers Association (APPMA) 2003-2004 National Pet Owners Survey

  12. Pet Ownership- Cats • Approximately 77.6 million owned cats in the United States • 34% of U.S. households own at least one cat • On average, owners have two cats (2.2) • Slightly more female cats are owned than male cats • 16% of owned cats were adopted from an animal shelter • Cat owners spent an average of $113 on veterinary related expenses in the past 12 months • Eighty-four percent of owned cats are spayed or neutered Source: American Pet Products Manufacturers Association (APPMA) 2003-2004 National Pet Owners Survey

  13. Dogs, Cats & The Rest • There are 7 million more cats than dogs • Most cat owners average two cats • Dogs are found in more households than cats • Fish • Birds • Rabbits 3rd 4th 5th

  14. Objective • Discuss the skills needed for employment in the small animal industry

  15. Job Types • Care and management industry • Pets • Lab animals • Zoo animals • Health • Training • Food and equipment supply

  16. Job Types • Pharmaceutical and biotechnology research • Hospitals • Universities • Labs • Private firms

  17. Job Types • Exhibitors • Operates animals acts • Carnivals • Circus • Fairs (Cleveland County Fair) • Zoo • Marine mammal displays

  18. Care and Management Jobs • Pet care worker • Boarding kennels • Animal hospitals • Shelters • Pet stores • Training schools • Pet grooming parlors

  19. Care and Management Jobs • Kennel attendants • Feeds and cares for animals • Cleans • Animal groomers • Bathes, brushes & trims hair and nails • Dog trainers • Teaches the dog to obey signals or commands

  20. Care and Management Jobs • Small Animal Breeders • Raises & markets fur-bearing animals • Usually specialized for one breed • Pet shop owners and managers • Dealers • Sell lab animals • Research • education

  21. Care and Management Jobs • Veterinarians (DVM) • Control animal injuries and disease • Disease prevention • Inspection • Meat and animals products • Surgery • Establish diets • Prescribe medications 1/3 small animals only

  22. Care and Management Jobs • Vet. Technicians • Assist veterinarians and other staff • Skills needed: • Previous experience as a keeper • Part-time volunteer work • Shelters • Pet shops • clinics

  23. Objective • Discuss medical terminology used by those working in the veterinarian phase of the small animal care industry Medical Terminology

  24. Medical Terminology • Components of medical terminology • Prefix • Beginning of the word indicating: • Number • Location • Time • Status • Root words • Word part that gives the fundamental meaning of a word

  25. Medical Terminology • Suffixes • Word part at the end of a word indicating: • Procedure • Condition • Disease • Disorder

  26. Medical Prefixes • a-, an- without, lack of • Anemia- without blood • anti- against, opposing • Antiseptic- against infection • bi- two, double, twice • Bilateral- two sides • dys- painful, difficult, abnormal • Dysentery- abnormal infection of the colon • pre- before • Preoperative- before surgery

  27. Medical Root Words • carp • wrist • carpel- pertaining to the wrist • cardi • heart • cardiology- study of the heart • dors • back • dorsal- relating to the back

  28. Medical Root Words • dent, odont • teeth • dentist- person who works with teeth • Gastr • stomach • gastronomy- surgical opening of the stomach • Gingiv • gums • gingivitis- inflammation of the gums • phleb, ven • vein • phlebotomist- person who obtains blood from veins

  29. Medical Suffixes • algia • Pain • arthralgia- painful joints • centesis • Procedure to remove fluid • Cytocentesis- removing fluid from the bladder • itis • inflammation • bronchitis • rrhea • Flow or discharge • diarrhea

  30. Positional Terminology • Ventral • Cranial • Anterior • Posterior • Dorsal • Caudal • Dorsal (frontal) plane • Transversal plane

  31. Positional Terminology

  32. Positional Terminology Dorsal Cranial Posterior Anterior Caudal Ventral

  33. Positional Terminology Transversal plane Dorsal (frontal) plane

  34. Positional Terminology

  35. Positional Terminology • Visit the following website to view a Virtual Cat Dissection • External Anatomy Link http://bio.bd.psu.edu/cat/index.htm

  36. General Terminology • Antisepsis • Biopsy • Catheterization • Clutch

  37. General Terminology • Colostrum • Contact transmission • Endogenous • Exogenous • Incubation

  38. General Terminology • Infectious disease • Pocket pets • Preventative health care programs • Quarantine • Spaying • Neutering

  39. Objective • Summarize animal rights and animal welfare Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare

  40. Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare

  41. Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare

  42. Animal Welfare Legislation • 1641 The Bodies of Liberty • 1st law to protect farm animals • 1st anticruelty act passed • 1828 • New York Legislature • 1866- American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) formed

  43. Animal Welfare Legislation • 1906- Animal Transportation Act • 1958- Humane Slaughter Act • 1966- Laboratory Animal Welfare Act • 1976- Horse Protection Act

  44. YES NO The Vote? • Do animals have rights? • Should animals be used for food? • Should animals be used for experimentation? • Should hunting and trapping of animals be allowed?

  45. Assignment Option #1 • On a clean sheet of paper • Prepare an editorial for the local news paper outlining your position on one of the previous questions • You should use appropriate grammar and spelling for a public response • Once you finish your rough draft, type your final response in a 12 point font • Your editorial should be one page in length

  46. Assignment Option #2 • On a clean sheet of paper • Prepare a short speech that may be given at a public forum or town hall meeting. • Your speech should use the format taught in class and should outline your position on one of the previous questions • Your speech must be given in class and it must last at least 2 minutes

  47. Objective • Discuss techniques and risk involved when working with small animals Risky Business!

  48. Zoonoses • A disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans Example: Rabies

  49. Rabies • A viral disease • Affects the nervous system • Contracted by: • Bites • Scratches • Saliva