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  1. How to Work the presentation • Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. • To start this Presentation Press ‘F5’ • To Quit Press ESC May 2010

  2. JUDGE OF STROKE, INSPECTOR OF TURNS & HEAD LANE TIMEKEEPER • The National Officials Committee wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Swim Alberta officials and the Ontario Swimming Officials Association in the development of this presentation

  3. This clinic includes the following: • Function of Judge of Stroke • Function of Inspector of Turns • Filling out the Card or Infraction Form • Head Lane Timer • Overview of all Strokes • Individual Medley • Relay • Questionnaire May 2010

  4. Infraction vs Disqualification • Infraction Report: made by an official who is qualified to judge strokes and turns, assigned to that duty, and in the proper position to observe the swimmer in his assigned area. • Disqualification: made by the Referee, if an infraction report is accepted. If a PARA swimmer the Technical Official must agree. May 2010

  5. Swimmers with a Disability (PARA) • Swimmers’ classification and exceptions allow exceptions to some rule requirements. • When a Technical Official (TO), (educated in correctly judging PARA swimming), is available, he/she must approve all disqualifications of PARA swimmers. 5 May 2010

  6. The Judge of Stroke May 2010

  7. Function of Judge of Stroke • Inspect the technique of the competitor • Observe the turns and the finishes to assist the inspector of turns. • Note all infractions, and report the infractions according to the process defined for that meet: • Inform Referee and if a PARA swimmer the Technical Official (TO). • If so instructed by the Referee inform the competitor and/or coach within 15 minutes of the completion of the heat. May 2010

  8. Judge of Stroke Judge of Stroke Inspector of Turns May 2010

  9. Function of Inspector of Turns • Observe the swimmer, • Commencing from the beginning of the last armstroke before touching and ending with the completion of the first armstroke after turning • Note all infractions, report the infractions according to the process defined for that meet: • Inform Referee and if a PARA swimmer the Technical Official (TO). • If so instructed by the Referee inform the competitor and/or coach within 15 minutes of the completion of the heat. • May be assigned extra duty of judging relay take-over. May 2010

  10. Judge of Stroke Inspector of Turns Judge of Stroke However …you may be required to judge both the stroke & turns May 2010

  11. When serving as both you should be positioned to move between the side and the end ofthe pool. Judge of Strokes and Inspector of Turns May 2010

  12. More typical is to find Inspector of Turns observing the turn end of the pool. Inspector of Turns Should watch a complete turn one lane at a time. Insure that you saw the infraction. May 2010

  13. DQ Filling out the Card Write DQ clearly across the front of the card. May 2010

  14. 1:25 pm Non-simultaneous touch at the turn at 50 m Bob Marley Hand-out the Quick Reference Infraction Card On the back of the card; Write the time of the occurrence Write the distance at which the infraction occurred Use correct wording to describe the infraction Sign the card; Print Your Name May 2010

  15. Disqualification Form • At Cardless Meets, • Typically a form with specific locations to be completed including: • The event number • The heat number • The lane number • Swimmer’s name, not used at Nationals or Trials) • The time of the occurrence • The distance at which the potential DQ occurred • Use correct wording to describe the potentialDQ • Sign the card • Present to Referee and TO if a PARA swimmer • Ensure swimmer or coach has been told May 2010

  16. { Timers Marshalling Area Head Lane Timekeeper Judge of Stroke { Timers { Inspector of Turns Timers { Timers { Timers { Timers Judge of Stroke May 2010

  17. Head Lane Timekeeper (HLT) • Official acting as a Timekeeper, who is also Strokes and Turns qualified. • Responsibilities: • Checking swimmer’s name for each heat. • Checking the swimmers are competing in relays in the order stated on the card or lane sheet. • Taking splits – ensuring that at least 2 times (splits) are taken on the first leg of a relay. • Ringing the bell on distance events. • Observe turns. • Judge relay take-over. These are duties which the HLT may assign prior to the start of the meet. These duties remain the responsibility of the HLT May 2010

  18. Head Lane Timer • Additional Responsibilities • Ensuring no one touches the timing pads • Ensure at least 2 manual times are collected for swimmers in senior events and for swimmers with disabilities (Records can be set within age groups or classifications) • Long Distance Events (800m and 1500m events) • Verify completed lengths with Chief Timer • Ensure split time for each lap is recorded • Bell is rung • With 2 lengths + 5 meters remaining • Over the right hand lane marker • Continuously from wall approach to the backstroke flags May 2010

  19. Did you know? • A swimmer may, • Stop and stand on the bottom of the pool only in freestyle • Hang on to the lane rope (to catch their breath) only in freestyle • A swimmer must remain and finish the race in the same lane in which he/she started May 2010

  20. However, If you have an internet connection you can bring up a youtube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeVRTapaZi0&feature=related • A swimmer may not, • Walk on the bottom of the pool • Push off from the bottom of the pool • Pull on the lane markers • Tape on the body is not permitted unless approved by the FINA Sports Medicine Committee or in the case of a PARA swimmer, by the Technical Official May 2010

  21. Overview of all Strokes The Start The Stroke The Turn May 2010

  22. Free, Breast, Fly and IM Starts • With a dive from the starting platform. • From the side of the pool if not deep enough. • PARA and Master swimmers from on the platforms, beside the platforms, or in the water with one hand in contact with the end of the pool. May 2010

  23. Breaststroke SW 7 The Start • After the start & each turn ONE arm stroke is allowed past the hips. • The head must break the surface of the water by the time the arms have reached the widest part of the second arm pull. • After the start a swimmer MAY, during the first arm pull, take a single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick, during which the swimmer MAY be completely submerged. May 2010

  24. Breaststroke The Stroke Each stroke cycle must contain one pull and one kick in that order. During each cycle some part of the swimmer’s head must break the surface of the water. May 2010

  25. Breaststroke The Stroke May 2010

  26. Breaststroke The Stroke May 2010

  27. Breaststroke The Stroke The elbows shall be under the water except for…. … the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish. May 2010

  28. Breaststroke The Stroke During each cycle some part of the head shall break the surface of the water May 2010

  29. Breaststroke The Stroke The feet must be turned outward in the propulsive part of the kick May 2010

  30. Breaststroke The Stroke May 2010

  31. Breaststroke The Stroke May 2010

  32. Breaststroke The Stroke May 2010

  33. Breaststroke The Stroke All movements of the arms are simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane. One more time … May 2010

  34. Breaststroke The Turn The touch shall be a simultaneous two hand touch. Head may be submerged. May 2010

  35. Breaststroke The Turn After the turn a swimmer may, during the first arm pull, take a single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick, the swimmer may be completely submerged. NO alternating movement. May 2010

  36. Breaststroke If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button http://www.youtube.com/user/AKswimming#p/u/4/Xj8YzwB7B18 Questions? May 2010

  37. Backstroke SW 6 The Start The swimmer is in the water facing the start end Some part of the head must break the surface by the 15m mark after the start or turn. May 2010

  38. Legal Legal Legal Not Legal Backstroke The Stroke NO movement beyond 90 degree vertical. May 2010

  39. Backstroke The Turn At the turn, the swimmer may touch on the back and MUST leave on the back. … OR the swimmer may roll onto the breast, use a CONTINUOUS single or double arm pull to initiate the turn Kicking into the turn is allowed May 2010

  40. Backstroke The Turn May 2010

  41. Backstroke The Turn When executing the turn, there must be a touch of the wall with some part of the body. The swimmer must leave on their back. On the back is less then 90 degrees. May 2010

  42. Backstroke The Finish At the finish of the race the swimmer MUST touch the wall while on the back. The body may be submerged at the touch. May 2010

  43. Backstroke If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hwj7zPQ4D00&feature=related Questions? May 2010

  44. Butterfly SW 8 The Start The swimmer is allowed to take no more than one arm pull while totally submerged. This must bring the swimmer to the surface. There is no limit to the number of leg kicks allowed off the start and at each turn May 2010

  45. Butterfly The Stroke Some part of the head must break the surface of the water by 15 m after the start & each turn Both arms must be brought forward together over the water and brought backward simultaneously throughout the race. May 2010

  46. Butterfly The Stroke All up and down movements of the legs must be simultaneous. The position of the legs or feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other. May 2010

  47. Butterfly The Stroke - Arms Arm recovery is over the general water level. May 2010

  48. Butterfly The Stroke - Arms Arm Recovery is not over the water. May 2010

  49. One leg is allowed to be carried higher than the other. Butterfly The Stroke - Legs The butterfly kick is the only legal kick PARA & Master Swimmers: Breaststroke kick is allowed May 2010

  50. Butterfly The Stroke – Legs Alternating kick (flutter) is not allowed. May 2010