How to Work the presentation. Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. At the bottom of the display are control buttons for the ‘full screen’ etc. The clinics should be taken in the following order: Level 1 Stroke and Turn Chief Timekeeper Clerk of Course
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Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide.
At the bottom of the display are control buttons for the ‘full screen’ etc.
May be taken in any order
Role of the Starter
Before the Meet Starts
After the Meet
Situations & Discussion
Practice, Practice, Practice.
When starting an event, the starter shall stand on the side of the pool within approximately five meters of the starting edge of the pool where the timekeepers can see and/or hear the starting signal and the swimmers can hear the signal.
The starter shall have power to decide whether the start is fair, subject only to the decision of the Referee.
Arrive early – at least one hour before the start.
At the commencement of each event;
Establish Procedure for False Starts.
Preparing for the start of the race.
The Starter shall have full control of the swimmers from the time the Referee turns the swimmers over to him until the race has commenced. The start shall be given in accordance with SW 4 THE START.
IPC SM 4.2.4 Aswimmer with a lower limb disability may be permitted to take up a sitting position on the starting platform.
IPC SM 4.2.5 A swimmer may be permitted to start in the water but is required to have one hand in contact with the poolside until the starting signal is given. Standing in or on the gutter or on the bottom is prohibited.
IPC SM 4.2.7 Where a swimmer is unable to grip the poolside, in a water start, the swimmer may be assisted by a support staff or supporting device. The device shall be cleared and deemed safe by the technical delegate/assistant technical delegate and the technical advisers prior to the commencement of the competition. Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start. The swimmer shall have part of the body in contact with the wall until the starting signal is given.
IPC SM 4.2.9 To prevent abrasion, one layer of towel, or the like, may be place on the starting platform. The article shall not dramatically increase the height of the starting platform.
IPC SM 4.2.10 In the case of a swimmer who is blind and deaf, the person tapping shall be permitted to convey the starting signal to the competitor by the use of a non verbal instruction.
IPC SM 4.3 No swimmer shall be permitted to use a starting device that will enhance the swimmers true ability above their classification level.
SW 4.2The start in Backstroke and Medley Relay races shall be from the water. At the referee’s first long whistle (SW 2.1.5), the swimmers shall immediately enter the water. At the Referee’s second long whistle the swimmers shall return without undue delay to the starting position (SW 6.1) When all swimmers have assumed their starting positions, the starter shall give the command “take your marks”. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal.
When all swimmers have surfaced, a second whistle indicates they should return to the wall. Even if all surface at the wall, a second whistle is required for consistency.
SW 6.1. Prior to the starting signal, the swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands holding the starting grips. Standing in or on a gutter or bending the toes over the lip of a gutter is prohibited.
Any swimmer starting before the starting signal has been given, shall be disqualified. If the starting signal sounds before the disqualification is declared the race shall continue and the swimmer or swimmers shall be disqualified upon the completion of the race.
If the disqualification is declared before the starting signal, the signal shall not be given, but the remaining swimmers shall be called back and start again.
False Start Exceptions (SW 2.3.3):
If the starter errors and starts the race before all swimmers are stationary:
Record start time for each heat and missing swimmers on heat sheet for each race
If you are working an age group meet with novice swimmers, be patient they are just learning the start position
Acknowledgement: Swim Ontario for their contributions
The starter shall report a swimmer to the Referee for delaying the start, for wilfully disobeying an order or for any other misconduct taking place at the start, but only the Referee may disqualify a swimmer for such delay, wilful disobedience or misconduct.
1.The FINA Start includes:
a) One start
b) Two starts
c) A choice of one or two starts
a) All Canadian meets.
b) All International meets.
c) All Regional competitions including club, dual, invitational and championship meets.
a) pistol shot.
b) A loud abrupt sound of an electronically activated horn.
c) A short whistle blast.
a) Ensure that each race is started fairly.
b) Discuss signals between Referee and Starter.
c) Disqualify swimmers who use illegal stroke techniques.
d) Announce swimmers before each race.
e) Call the swimmers to attention before the race using a whistle.
f) Ensure the Timekeepers are ready before starting the race.
g) Start the race as soon as all the swimmers have taken their mark and are motionless.
h) Disqualify swimmers for delaying the progress of the meet.
i) Ensure the false start recall rope is dropped when necessary.
j) Perform other duties as assigned by the Referee.
k) Report to the Referee any swimmer for delaying the start, willfully disobeying an order, or any other misconduct taking place at the start.
a) The Referee turns the race over to him/her.
b) The Referee checks that the Judges are ready.
c) The swimmers take their positions of readiness at the front of the starting platforms.
d) The Referee blows the long, loud whistle.
e) The Referee gestures to the starter with a stretched out arm in the direction of the course.
a) Hold the pistol at chest height.
b) Hold the pistol motionless at arm’s length, in clear view of the Timekeepers.
c) Ensure that the strobe light is in clear view of the Timekeepers.
d) Ensure that all Timekeepers can see the flash of the pistol.
e) Disqualify a swimmer for delay of meet
b) “Get set”
c) “A vousmarques”
d) “To your marks”
e) “Take your marks”
f) “On your marks”
a) Leave the swimmers poised and attempt to repair the malfunction
b) Direct the swimmers to “step down” or “relax” and announce that it is not a false start.
c) Call a false start and proceed immediately with another attempt.
d) Leave the swimmers poised and reload the pistol.
e) In the best interest of the swimmers, ask them to step down until the malfunction is corrected.
a) A swimmer starts before the starting signal has been given.
b) The starting signal misfires.
c) There is an official’s error
d) A swimmer has jumped the gun and the starting signal has been given.
a) The Referee
b) The Chief Timekeeper
c) The Stroke Judge and Turn Inspector
d) The Starter
a) 200m Individual Medley
b) 400m Freestyle
c) 400m Medley Relay
d) 200m Backstroke
www.swimalberta.ca – Officials information, Power Point Clinics, and IPC forms.
www.swimming.ca – Officials information, PARA Information
www.fina.org – Rule book
We would like to acknowledge the initial work on the power point presentation done by Swim Ontario and Swim Alberta