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ChinA!!!! M3 Period 3 Cindy Quan Alvin Chen Jeff Cho 11/27/03 A r c h i t e c t u r e The Temple of Heaven

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M3 Period 3

Cindy Quan

Alvin Chen

Jeff Cho


A r c h i t e c t u r e


The Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven is situated in the southern part of Beijing, about 6 km away from the center of the city. It is the one of the largest parks in Beijing, built in 1420. The Temple of Heaven was the place where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties worshipped heaven and prayed for good harvests. The emperors visited the temple three times a year. In imperial days, the Chinese people believed that the sky was in circular shape and the earth was square. On the basis of this traditional concept, the circle was widely adopted in the design of the temple's main building. It is in accord with people's imagination of heaven.

This is what they used

to plan The Temple of

Heaven out. (The out-line)

Book Source: Chinese Architecture

by Laurence G. Liu


Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi (10,000 Li = about 5,000 km). After subjugating and uniting China, the emperor started to build the Great Wall to stop the foreign enemies from invading China. The Great Wall extends across the mountains of northern China. It’s constructed of masonry, rocks, and packed-earth. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200-year period. The Great Wall is the largest construction project ever completed in the whole wide world.


Japanese Tea House

The path of a Japanese Tea Garden is flanked by lovely white birch trees. These tea houses are used on special, usually spiritual occasions with hosts and guests. In the front,

there are also sliding shoji doors, but the guests of the tea party enter through the left side entrance called the low nijiriguchi, which makes them kneel when they come through the door, showing humbleness.


Chinese Tea House


This marvelous work of architecture is one of the most colorful and ancient

in the city of Shanghai. Out of all of the old Chinese cities, this is the oldest out of them all. Most Chinese tea houses come in multiple stories and are placed over a body of water.


Chinese Buddhist Temple

Famen Temple

Many Chinese buddhist temples are multistoried.

They are also quadrangle, hexangle, ocatagonal, and twelve sided ichnographies. Later they also added decorations

such as flower pagodas, honeycombed shrines, animals, Buddha, and

disciple sculptures.


Japanese Buddhist Temple

The Five storied Pagoda ofDaigoji Buddhist Temple

Most Japanese Buddhist Temples have at least one pagoda and is usually three or five storied. There is a kondoh, which is the main building where Buddhist images are enshrined, monks and nuns reside, study and train. Through the ground, there is a room

which has an altar with a Buddhist image enshrined together with the Buddhist scriptures. As seen on the picture, a Buddhist temple is also very decorative.