Chapter 2: Prejudice. Hate Crimes. Ethnocentrism – the tendency to assume that one’s culture and way of life are superior to all others.
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Ethnocentrism – the tendency to assume that one’s culture and way of life are superior to all others.
A Hate Crime can be defined as: “a criminal offense commited against a person, property, or society which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against a race, religion, ethnic/national origin group, or sexual-orientation group” (Department of Justice, 2001c:58).
The Social Distance Scale – the tendency to approach or withdraw from a racial group. Often called the Bogardus Scale, after the researcher who developed the scale. How close would you be willing to be to a member of another racial/ethnic group?
Trends in Prejudice – study findings are mixed: people are less likely than they used to be to be openly racist, but many still resist programs and policies that provide disadvantaged minorities with equal opportunity.
Education and Mass Media – studies examining the relationship between media messages promoting racial harmony and level of prejudice found modest, short-term benefits, but many life-long habits and beliefs are difficult to change.
Equal-Status Contact – based on the Contact Hypothesis which suggests that intergroup contact between people of equal status in noncompetitive circumstances will reduce prejudice.
Corporate Response: Diversity Training
Workplace hostility can lead to reduced productivity and a “chilly climate.” Diversity training has had some success.