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FARMING SYSTEMS APPROACH (FSA). DEFINITION. Farming system is a complex inter-related matrix of soils, plants, animals, implements, labour and capital, inter-dependent farming enterprises. The farm is viewed in a holistic manner (multi-disciplinary approach). CONCEPT.

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FARMING SYSTEMS APPROACH (FSA)


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Presentation Transcript
definition
DEFINITION
  • Farming system is a complex inter-related matrix of soils, plants, animals, implements, labour and capital, inter-dependent farming enterprises.
  • The farm is viewed in a holistic manner (multi-disciplinary approach)
concept
CONCEPT

Simmonds (1984) clarified the FSA as follows:

  • It is an academic activity comprising of theory, concepts, principles and approaches
  • It creates an opportunity for developing diversified models for different types and categories of farmers
  • New farming system models can be developed by means of on-farm research and extension
slide4
Biggs (1985) explained the concept of FSA as follows:
  • FSA requires commonly homogenous type of farmers
  • It is an inter-disciplinary approach
  • It is a participatory and bottom-up planning
  • It is an approach to developing farm household systems
  • It is built on the principles of productivity, profitability, stability and sustainability
  • Complements component oriented approach to development
objectives of fsa
OBJECTIVES OF FSA
  • To develop farm - household systems of rural communities on a sustainable basis
  • To improve efficiency in farm production
  • To raise farm and family income
  • To increase welfare of farm families and satisfy basic needs
different farming systems
DIFFERENT FARMING SYSTEMS

The following farm enterprises could be promoted

  • Agri+ Livestock
  • Agri + Livestock + Poultry
  • Agri + Horticulture
  • Agri + Horticulture + Sericulture
  • Agri + Fisheries + Duckery + Poultry etc.,
methodology
METHODOLOGY
  • Analysis of existing farming system
  • Identification of major socio-economic situations
  • Understanding dominant enterprises and most common farming systems
  • Analysis of economic viability of existing farming systems
  • Understanding relationship between different enterprises within the system
  • Analysis of linkages between different farming systems
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II. Understanding the modifications made in existing farming system by innovative farmers
  • Understanding the changing scenario in rural areas and its impact on existing farming system
  • Identification of new market opportunities and its impact and relevance to socio-economic situation
  • Suitable modification made by innovative farm families in existing farming system
  • Type of modification made ( diversification or intensification of the enterprises)
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New options recommended by the researchers
  • Identification of new suggested options by researchers around each dominant enterprise
  • Understanding the technological details about new options
slide10
Economic analysis of recommended options :
  • Analysis of relative profitability of recommended options as compared to existing farming system
  • Understanding of implications of each options with regard to reallocation of resource
slide11
Testing of recommended options
  • Selecting representative village / farm families
  • Training about technical skills
  • Testing the effectiveness of recommended options