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Training Module on Security. Vital Installations: Depots and Terminals. Module Details. Objective: To make participants aware of the things to be done to secure depots and plants Participants: A, B, C Grade Officers working in depots and terminals Method: Lecture Duration: One and half hour

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Training Module on Security

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    1. Training Module on Security Vital Installations: Depots and Terminals

    2. Module Details • Objective: To make participants aware of the things to be done to secure depots and plants • Participants: A, B, C Grade Officers working in depots and terminals • Method: Lecture • Duration: One and half hour • No of Participants: 20

    3. Module Details Cont… • Course Material: • Security Return cum Review • Red Alert Strengthening of Security • Bomb Threat Handling Procedure • 38 Recommendations to improve security • Protection Scheme • Write-up on FIR • Sample Work Instructions to Security Force

    4. Overview of Security • Our Pledge • Definition • Importance of Security • Threat Perception • Vulnerable Areas and Points • What does security consist of?

    5. Overview Cont… • Physical Security • Internal Security • Special Situations • Liaison with police

    6. Our Pledge • Uncompromising Security and Safety of our life and property

    7. Definition • The state of plant being secure from the real or potential dangers to which they are exposed.

    8. What is security? • Security is protection of life and property • It is a natural instinct of all living beings • Since beginning man has been devising ways and means to protect himself and his family and his belongings • Our workplace is a part of our extended family and hence every employee should be concerned about protection of our installation and our colleagues

    9. Importance of Security • Threat: • 1) Miscreants’ Intentions • 2) Their capability • 3) Opportunity • Not to provide opportunity to strike is in our hands • Lax security provides soft target for attack

    10. Importance of Security Cont. • Non-availability of police and public utilities • Lax security: heavy losses and damages • A threat to the existence of plant

    11. Why have security? • Security provides a sense of well being and helps us focus our undivided attention on work • Ours is a vital installation and it provides a vulnerable target for antinational and antisocial elements. • A petty thief due to ignorance or nervousness may inadvertently cause a major fire that may cause widespread damage to life and property

    12. Threat Perception • Security begins with threat perception • Check with local police station, SP, etc., for type of crimes, incidents that occur in the area and district • Check past history of the location • Check local newspapers • Determine level of security basis the threat perception

    13. Vulnerable Areas and Points • Identify vulnerable areas and focus security efforts on them • List of vulnerable areas / points • Gates • Tank truck / tank wagon gantry • Vehicle parking areas • Tank farms • Drinking water reservoir

    14. What does security consist of? • Physical Security • Internal Security

    15. Physical Security • Defense in depth • Perimeter Wall • Gates • Watch Towers • Lighting • Alarm System

    16. Internal Security • Access Control • Security Force • Communication • Material Security • Warehouse Security

    17. Internal Security Cont… • Document Security • Records • Intelligence Cell • Investigation of Thefts

    18. Perimeter Wall/Fencing • Create a psychological deterrent to unauthorized entry • Prevent / delay unlawful entry or trespass • Make effective and economical use of guards • Direct flow of personnel, goods, and vehicles through controlled access (gates)

    19. Perimeter Wall/Fencing • Chain Link Fence • Brick/Stone Wall • 20 ft clearance on either side • Clear track for vehicles / walking • No trees • Periodic inspection

    20. Gates • Number of gates should be limited • Gates should be topped with spikes • Gates should have cabins and should be manned • Redundant gates should be closed down

    21. Watch Towers • 15 Ft height • Fitted out with communication and search lights with 360 degree rotation • Staircase should have gradual incline

    22. Lighting • Good lighting provides safety and security • Review lighting at intervals for improvements • Lighting specifications are given in the security manual

    23. Access control • Need to know, Need to go • Employees • Visitors • Contractors • Vehicles

    24. Employees • ID should be issued to all employees carrying their latest photographs • ID should be issued afresh every 5 years • ID may be color coded according to need to go basis • ID photo should be signed by issuer

    25. Visitors • Entry passes issued after checking with concerned official. • Visitors should not be allowed in the plant area. If authorized, some official should accompany and visitor should not be shown vital areas • Issue visitor’s badge

    26. Contractors • Prior approval of the list of casual / contract labor. Such list be given to security • Check antecedents of contract/casual labor • Issue badges to casual/contract labor • Frisk casual / contract labor • Written instructions about safety, fire, security to all contractors

    27. Vehicles • Check for hidden explosives / stolen goods • Employees’ and visitors’ vehicles should be parked outside plant area • Issue entry permits to employees vehicles • Use mirror trolley for inspection of underside

    28. Security force • Maintain a register of instructions to security force • Define and specify scope and areas of responsibility and accountability • Enforce DGR guidelines • Train security force • Use security guards for security jobs • Use of fire-arms is not recommended

    29. Communication • Security should have access to direct telephone line. • List of important telephone numbers should be prominently displayed.

    30. Material Security • Make gate-pass system fully functional • Limit the approving authorities to a few senior people • Separate file for returnable OGP • Set up a procedure for regular review of ROGP • Give a list of persons authorized to approve gate passes to security

    31. Material Security Cont… • Material leaving the location must be covered under approved gate pass • Use flow meters for filling • Check expiry dates of calibration certificates • Keep details of all tank trucks or trucks attached to a location • Verify accuracy of calibration at intervals

    32. Material Security Cont… • Valuable scrap may be closely protected • Scrap yards containing valuable material may be fenced, locked and sealed • Supervise removal of disposable waste material for hidden articles • Check all empty tank wagons, tank trucks leaving the location • Check vehicles leaving the premises

    33. Warehouse Security • Windows, ventilators, skylights, exhaust ports, etc., should be fitted with iron grills • Entry be restricted to authorized employees • Regular stock taking and tallying with ledger balances • Use multi-levered lock and seal for the door

    34. Warehouse Security Cont. • Bolt and lock all windows and doors at the end of the day • Security guards should cover warehouses in their patrolling rounds

    35. Document Security • Store vital documents in steel cupboards • Restrict access to vital information to trust worthy employees • Assign appropriate classification to documents and mark in bold • Follow up dispatch of confidential documents meticulously to ensure that they reach destination in reasonable time

    36. Document Security Cont. • Obtain acknowledgement of receipt of confidential document • Do not allow others to copy confidential documents

    37. Records • Maintain registers/records at the main gate of incoming outgoing vehicles, visitors, contractors’ men • Maintain a record of surprise visits made or checks carried out for review and reference • Maintain a record of incidents for use in the future

    38. Intelligence Cell • Form a close-knit group of informants • Gather intelligence • Liaise with CBI, IB, Police for information

    39. Investigation of Thefts • Thefts should be promptly reported. • Maintain a written record of all thefts. Location in charge should review this record • Make a complaint or FIR when there is outside intrusion or theft in collusion with outside sources • Aid the police and magistrate

    40. Investigation of Thefts Cont… • Internal investigation • Proper attitude for investigator • Should a case be reported to police • Method of conducting investigation • Visit to the location • Examination of witness • Questioning of suspect/accused

    41. Investigation of Thefts Cont… • Report on the result of internal investigation • Steps in investigation • Visit scene of incident • List physical evidence/clues • Prepare list of documents to be examined • Prepare list of witnesses to be examined • Take charge of relevant materials and documents

    42. Investigation of Thefts Cont… • Examine controls procedures and practices concerning the items lost • Record statement of witnesses

    43. Investigation of Thefts Cont… • Right of private defense • Limitations of right of private defense

    44. Special Situations • 38 Recommendations • Beefing up security during red alerts • Bomb threats • Protection Scheme

    45. Assistance of District Administration • Police Station • SP • DySP • District Collector • DIG • Range DIG • IG

    46. Thank You • End