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Overview of GIS projects. Geog 463 March 29, 2006. Outlines. Scope of GIS projects Methodology for GIS implementation plan Project management techniques Guideline for P1: Needs assessment. 1. Scope of GIS project. Single-purpose GIS project Initiated to serve one-time objectives

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overview of gis projects

Overview of GIS projects

Geog 463

March 29, 2006

  • Scope of GIS projects
  • Methodology for GIS implementation plan
  • Project management techniques
  • Guideline for P1: Needs assessment
1 scope of gis project
1. Scope of GIS project
  • Single-purpose GIS project
    • Initiated to serve one-time objectives
  • Departmental GIS project
    • A department is responsible for implementing GIS functionalities
  • Enterprise GIS project
    • Many functions are shared between different department, thus implementing GIS projects across multiple departments make sense (MPLIS chapter 16 describes the Enterprise GIS project)
    • Will benefit from system integration
    • Increasing strategic roles of GIS in an organization
  • Societal GIS project
    • Cost sharing by the society as a whole
2 methodology for gis implementation plan
2. Methodology for GIS implementation plan
  • Needs assessment (~p. 22)
    • Functional needs
    • Data needs
    • Processing needs
  • System requirement (p. 22~)
    • Hardware/software needs
    • Personnel/training needs
    • Procedural needs
    • Institutional needs

From MPLIS Chapter 16

hierarchy of needs in developing gis
Hierarchy of needs in developing GIS
  • See Figure 16-1
  • Functional needs  data/processing needs  hardware/software requirement  personnel needs  training needs  procedurals needs  institutional needs  legal needs
functional needs
Functional needs
  • Identify activities which an organization perform to carry out its mission
  • Identify all of their organizational units
  • List the functions that require maps or other geographic information
  • Figure 16-2: list of functions requiring geographic information (dept & function)
data needs
Data needs
  • Geographic information needs inventory
  • See Figure 16-3
  • Identifies which maps or data are important for successful completion of each function in the unit
  • Describe problems of current data and point out future needs as well
  • Map inventory form will help you clarify on issues involved in map use (Figure 16-5)
processing needs
Processing needs
  • Define how the data are to be used to fulfill the functional needs of the organization
  • Application definition form (Figure 16-9) contains data input requirements, processing requirements, and output products
3 project management techniques
3. Project management techniques
  • WBS (Work Breakdown Structure) chart
  • Gantt chart
  • PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique)

A WBS chart displays the structure of a project showing how a project is organized into summary (phase) and detail levels.

gantt chart
Gantt chart

a tool for displaying the progression of a project in the form of a specialized chart


A PERT chart displays the tasks in a project along with the dependencies between these tasks. Using a PERT chart is a great way to define and display the dependency relationships that exist between tasks.

fifteen project management job functions
Define scope of project

Identify stakeholders, decision-makers, and escalation procedures

Develop detailed task list (work breakdown structures)

Estimate time requirements

Develop initial project management flow chart

Identify required resources and budget

Evaluate project requirements

Identify and evaluate risks Prepare contingency plan

Identify interdependencies

Identify and track critical milestones

Participate in project phase review

Secure needed resources

Manage the change control process

Report project status

Fifteen Project Management Job Functions

"Building a Foundation for Tomorrow: Skills Standards for Information Technology," Northwest Center for Emerging Technologies, Belleview, WA, 1999

4 needs assessment
4. Needs assessment
  • Writing points
  • Arrange the meeting for needs assessment

P1: Needs assessment

  • Goal:
  • What it is to be done
  • Research question
  • Background:
  • Client/Stakeholder
  • Aspects
  • Literature Review
  • Objectives:
  • “need to know” questions
  • Information
  • Products:
  • Contain information categories
  • How to present info?
  • Text, tables, maps, graphs
  • Information
  • Categories:
  • “nouns” of “need to know”
  • questions
needs assessment meeting objectives
Needs Assessment Meeting Objectives
  • learn about the client’s organization
  • determine who are the stakeholders/users
  • help the client to understand the capabilities of GIS
  • determine what the client’s goals or what they “need to know”
  • begin to identify background resources and data sources