Planning and Conducting Data Collection – Community and Focus Group Discussions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Planning and Conducting Data Collection – Community and Focus Group Discussions

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  1. Planning and Conducting Data Collection – Community and Focus Group Discussions Session 3.1 Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  2. Session Objectives After this session, participants should be able to: • Describe the fundamentals of using focus group and community discussions in applied qualitative research. • Improve their skills in moderation and note-taking. • Moderate a focus group discussion. Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  3. Discussions VS. Interviews (reminders) Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  4. Why do some FGDs and CDs go wrong? Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  5. FGDs & CDs: Success Fundamentals 1- Plan Place and Facilities Time Team Participants Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  6. FGDs: Success Fundamentals • Know your objective and develop discussion guide • How to kick-off • Build rapport • Establish Ground rules • use participatory tools when possible • Be aware of group dynamics and different personalities and emotional states 2- Be Aware of Effective Moderation Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  7. FGD & CD Moderating Tips • A good moderator…. • Shows flexibility • Shows sensitivity • Has a sense of (acceptable) humor • Links ideas together and probes • Encourages everyone to participate • Tries not to • Dictate course of discussion • Lose control over conversation • Judge comments • Use leading question Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  8. FGDs & CDS: Success Fundamentals 3- Effective Note-Taking (Reminder) • Review discussion guide thoroughly • Develop note-taking form • Make room for observations • Identify areas for improvement/gap filling • Note quotes (but be strategic) • Make sure to expand your notes (same day) • Make room for your own conclusions (but mark as such) • Record participant identifiers • Record both question and response Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  9. Exercise 7 50 min for group work Group Task • One assessment team, 3 members. • A group of 8 focus group participants. • The Rest: Observers. • 10-15 minutes for assessment team to prepare for moderating FGD (during which other group members will prepare roles) • 35-40 minutes for undertaking FGD. Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  10. Debriefing • Were the aims accomplished? • Was the essential information extracted? • What were the conclusions? • What lessons did you learn. Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments

  11. Break 30 min Qualitative Approaches for FS Assessments