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Swine Unit. Eight Major Traditional Breeds. Berkshire Chester White Duroc Hampshire Landrace Poland China Spotted Yorkshire. Berkshire. Breed developed in Berkshire, England Imported to U.S. in 1820’s Characteristics – Black body with 6 white points (4 feet, nose, and tail)

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eight major traditional breeds
Eight Major Traditional Breeds
  • Berkshire
  • Chester White
  • Duroc
  • Hampshire
  • Landrace
  • Poland China
  • Spotted
  • Yorkshire
berkshire
Berkshire
  • Breed developed in Berkshire, England
  • Imported to U.S. in 1820’s
  • Characteristics –

Black body with 6 white points

(4 feet, nose, and tail)

  • Maternal and Paternal Breed
chester white
Chester White
  • Developed in Chester County, Pennsylvania

in the early 1800’s

  • White bodies with small droopy ears
  • Maternal
duroc
Duroc
  • Developed in New York, New York in 1860’s
  • Red to dark-red in color
  • Paternal breed
hampshire
Hampshire
  • Developed in Boone County, Kentucky in 1890’s
  • Black with a white belt circling the shoulders and front legs
  • Maternal breed
landrace
Landrace
  • Imported to U.S. from Denmark in 1930’s
  • Whitish pink with extremely long-bodied and large drooping ears
  • Maternal breed
poland chinas polands
Poland Chinas (Polands)
  • Developed in Southwest Ohio in 1800’s
  • Black bodies with white points with droopy ears
  • Paternal breed
spotted swine spots
Spotted Swine (Spots)
  • Developed in the state of Indiana in early 1900’s
  • Spotted black and white with drooping ears
  • Paternal breed
yorkshire yorks
Yorkshire (Yorks)
  • Developed in Yorkshire, England in early 1800’s
  • White with upright ears
  • Maternal breed
other known breeds
Other Known Breeds
  • Tamworth- red with upright ears
  • Herefords- red with white face, legs, and underline
  • Pietrain- black with white spots
baby pig processing
Baby Pig Processing

Baby Pig Processing = Newly-born piglets require some

special management procedures the first few days of life.

  • Cut umbilical cord, iodine remaining cord
  • Cut needle teeth
  • Dock tails
  • Notch ears
  • Vaccine shot of antibiotic
  • Castrate males
swine facts
Swine Facts
  • Gestation- length of pregnancy
  • Swine gestate for 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days

or 114 days

  • Ideal Litter Size = 9 piglets per litter
  • Ideal Birth weight = 3 lbs.
  • Piglets should be weaned at 6 weeks
  • Ideal Market Weight = 250 lbs. at 20 weeks
  • Top Swine States = Iowa, North Carolina, Illinois, Indiana
  • Swine generate over 10 billion dollars in gross receipts each year to the United States
  • Weight of adult brood boar – 500 to 700
  • Weight of adult brood sows – 300 to 500
maternal paternal breeds
Maternal/Paternal Breeds

Maternal: Good mothers/fathers

Large litters

Produce lots of milk for young

Paternal: Excel in growth

Muscling

Leanness

swine names
Swine Names
  • Adult Male - Boar
  • Adult Female - Sow
  • Young - Piglet
  • Castrated - Barrow 
  • Young Male – Boar Piglet
  • Young Female - Gilt
scientific names
Scientific Names
  • Scientific name= Used in scientific writings to reduce confusion of multiple common names, the scientific name (or Latin name) of an animal is two words long; consisting of the genus and species names. The entire name is written in italics (or underlined if italics are not available), with the genus capitalized.
  • Example: Humans = Homo sapiens
scientific classification
Scientific Classification
  • Kingdom – Aminalia (animal)
  • Phylum – Chorodata (vertebrate)
  • Class – Mammalia (mammal)
  • Order –Artiodyctal (non-ruminant)
  • Family –Suidae
  • Genus – Sus
  • Species – scofa
  • Genus species name for swine is “Sus scofa”