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Amine Reactions. Brandon Nguyen and Elliot Tadic. Substitution Reaction. Reaction between alkyl halide and amine Hydrogen bonds with alkyl halide to form halogen acid Substituted amine group takes the R 3 group Amine + Alkyl Halide Sub. Amine + Halogen acid. Amine.

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amine reactions

Amine Reactions

Brandon Nguyen and Elliot Tadic

substitution reaction
Substitution Reaction
  • Reaction between alkyl halide and amine
  • Hydrogen bonds with alkyl halide to form halogen acid
  • Substituted amine group takes the R3 group

Amine + Alkyl Halide Sub. Amine + Halogen acid

Amine

Alkyl Halide

Halogen acid

Sub. Amine

condensation reaction
Condensation Reaction
  • A reaction between two molecules to form a larger and a smaller molecule
  • A carboxyl group bonds with an amino group to form an amide
  • Produces H2O as a by product

Carboxylic Acid + Amine Amide + H2O

condensation reaction contd
Condensation Reaction contd.

Carboxylic Acid

Amine

+

Water

Amide

combustion reaction
Combustion Reaction
  • When reacting with an excess of oxygen all hydrocarbons produce CO2, H2O and energy

Energy

Water

Oxygen

Amine

Carbon Dioxide

Hydrocarbon + O2(g)

CO2(g) + H2O (g) + energy

practical and industrial uses
Practical and Industrial Uses
  • Amines are used for various drugs and medicine
  • Useful in the creation of allergy medication, decongestants and anti-histamines
  • Also used to make stimulants such as meth and opioids such as morphine
  • In nature amines provide the means for creating protein, a critical part of BEING ALIVE
environmental impact
Environmental Impact
  • Aqueous solutions of amines are used by industries to capture CO2 emissions
  • Amino acids biodegrade easily, whereas tertiary amines do not
  • 48% of amine compounds have a healthy biodegradability rate
  • 66% of amine compounds have a healthy eco toxicity rate
summary
Summary

Carboxylic Acid + Amine Amide + H2O

+

Hydrocarbon + O2 (g)

CO2 (g) + H2O (g) + energy

+

+

Amine + Alkyl Halide Sub. Amine + Halogen acid

assessment time
Assessment Time!

What reaction occurs between a carboxylic acid and an amine?

Question 1:

Condensation Reaction

Question 2:

What are 3 uses for amines?

stimulants, opiates, anti-histamines, allergy medication

gas treatment, dyes, psychedelic drugs

assessment time1
Assessment Time!

Question 3:

Question 4:

Question 5:

CO2 + H2O + energy

assessment time2
Assessment Time!

Question 6: