The ILO and the workers of the Global Supply Chains . Luc Cortebeeck Vice-president Governing Body ILO and President Workers’Group ACV-CSC TRANSCOM BELGIUM ITF CONGRESS SOFIA, 14 AUGUST 2014. 1. The ILO, what it is?. 1. ILO: the INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION Promotes RIGHTS AT WORK;
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Vice-president Governing Body ILO and President Workers’Group
ACV-CSC TRANSCOM BELGIUM
ITF CONGRESS SOFIA, 14 AUGUST 2014
1. ILO: the INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION
Promotes RIGHTS AT WORK;
Encourages DECENT WORK, DECENT EMPLOYMENT;
Enhance SOCIAL PROTECTION;
Strengthen SOCIAL DIALOGUE;
The only international UN-organisation supporting
Workers and Workers’ rights
2. ILO: A VERY SPECIAL ORGANISATION:
3. ILO: WHERE IT COMES FROM?
2014: Remembering the First World War;
1919: End of First World War with Treaty of Versailles: “…universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice”;
ILO is founded as tripartite organisation, based in Geneva;
1946: Declaration of Philadelphia: “Work is not a commodity”.
189 Conventions about Workers’ Rights have been adopted by the International Labour Conference by vote;
Conventions are international treaties, if ratified, they are legally binding;
If not ratified, they are a source of inspiration of the national law
202 Recommendations have been adopted
(not legally binding).
International Labour Conference Conférence Internationale du Travail
ILO/OIT GENEVE / GENEVA
ILO SUPERVISORY SYSTEM
Commission of experts comments every year the application of standards in every country;
Every year the Tripartite Committee of Application of Standards of the International Labour Conference discusses 25 difficult cases;
3 times a year the Commission of Freedom of Association discusses cases;
The Governing Body discusses the most difficult
situations and complaints.
TRIPARTITE HIGH LEVEL MISSION Guatemala September 2013
The economic globalisation of the 21e Century is made by the Global Supply Chains and Global Value Chains;
MNE’s and GSC, GVC decide about working conditions of a mass of workers in the industrialised, the emerging and the developing economies;
The governance of Global Value Chains is complex (NIKE: + 800 suppliers in 51 countries with +600000 workers, NIKE has -25000 direct employed workers);
They are operating with suppliers of the formal and the informal economy;
To deal with this complex problem we need to be prepared, we have to know the complexity.
1. The MNE-declaration (2006):
2. ILO engagement with private sector (March 2014)
Enterprise-management and Enterprise-workers delegates contact ILO to ask for guidance. GB worked out a system, controlled by the workers’ and the employers’ group to give rapid, clear and practical responses.
Accord (legally binding) on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh. After Rana Plaza disaster, between Brands and Global Unions in and with support ILO.
3. Reinforced Convention on Forced Labour (C29)(June 2014)
To eradicate human trafficking; abuses and fraudulent practices during recruitment and placement process (21 million victims: mostly migrants, informal sector, supply chains);
4. Transition Informal to Formal Economy
Important for the Global Supply Chains;
June 2014, first discussion,
5. International Maritime Convention (2006)
The only detailed sectorial ILO-convention.
Discussion requested by the Workers’ Group;
Very difficult with employers and some governments to put it on agenda;
General discussion: outcome not sure;
Workers want an instrument (convention or recommendation) but need to study the complexity of the problem;
ITUC wants to prepare this with Global Unions;
We have to work on both: rules for enterprises and member states.
Luc Cortebeeck Third ITUC Congress, Berlin, 19 May 2014
“I do not expect any of you to be naively optimistic. But I think we may expect from any self-respecting trade unionist that they keep believing in the capacity to turn things around in a positive way, internationally as well. Provided that we opt for the right strategy towards employers and governments, and that we are able to mobilize our own base on international issues. The ILO plays a key part in this strategy. …
I call upon each and every one of you to undertake a joint effort to tackle the ILO’s future challenges … How do we get more influence on multinationals? How do we – despite the opposition of employers and governments alike – get an instrument regarding the global supply chains?
The ILO clearly remains the most efficient tool to give workers the rights, the decent work and the decent life they deserve.”