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Oneida Nation. By: Eun Sil Choi, Betty Miller, Michelle Miller, and Hanni Patterson-Smith.

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oneida nation

Oneida Nation

By: Eun Sil Choi, Betty Miller, Michelle Miller, and Hanni Patterson-Smith


While the peoples of the Oneida Nation are not originally native to the state of Wisconsin, they have fought for their rights to the lands of their new home, and have maintained their culture despite relocation and assimilation.

  • The Origins of the Oneida Tribe
  • A Remarkable Leader, “Shenendoah”
  • Land
  • Treaties
  • Assimilation
  • Culture
  • Religion
the origins of the oneida tribe
The Origins of the Oneida Tribe
  • One member of Iroquois Confederacy - “the League of the Haudenosaunee.”
  • Lived in the upper states of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio
  • The Creation story
a remarkable leader of the oneida tribe
A Remarkable Leader of the Oneida Tribe


  • decided to side with the U.S. in the Revolution War
  • Had Christian beliefs
  • Signed agreements with the U.S. government
  • Was called as “the White Man’s Friend”

Oneida Homeland: Lake Oneida New York State


Great Law of the Haudenosaunee

"The Chiefs of the Confederacy shall eat together from one bowl the feast of cooked beaver's tail. While they are eating they are to use no sharp utensils for if they should they might accidentally cut one another and bloodshed would follow. All measures must be taken to prevent the spilling of blood in any way.”



Treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1784


“The Oneida and Tuscarora nations shall be secured in the possession of the lands on which they are settled.”

Later to come: Treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1788


ARTICLE 1.“First Christian and Orchard parties of Indians cede to the United States all their title and interest in the land set apart for them”-1831

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White Pines

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Dawes Allotment Act of 1887

“That in all cases where any tribe or band of Indians has been, or shall hereafter be, located upon any reservation created for their use…to allot the lands in said reservation in severalty to any Indian located thereon in quantities…”


Present Day

oneida timeline
Oneida Timeline

1834 Wisconsin opens for White settlement

1985 Law Suit with Brown and Outagamie Counties


1st Treaty of Fort Stanwix

?-1620: Time of Great Abundance

1887 Dawes Act

1821 New York to Green Bay


Beaver Wars

European Conversion

1934 Indian Reorganization

1838Official Land

1822Cession to Oneidas


2nd Treaty of Fort Stanwix

Around 1620:

1st Encounter with Small pox

1936New Constitution

1850 White Pines

1988 Casino profits help to buy more land back for Oneida

1766-1781American Revolution

1845 Henry Dodge

1785 Alcohol: Rum

language ukwehuwehnena
Language: Ukwehuwehnena
  • Iroquoian family language related to Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, distantly Cherokee
  • Oral language learned through ceremonial speeches and many stories
  • Within 3 reservations in NY, Wisconsin and Ontario all speak English
food kakhwa
Food: Kakhwa
  • Wild berries, nuts, maple syrup but mostly beans corn and squash
    • Three sisters as sustainers of life that are gifts from the creator
    • Benefits of inter-planting still used in modern agriculture
dress haudenoshaunee
Dress: Haudenoshaunee
  • Special occasions & ceremonies
    • Garments painted and decorated with porcupine quills
    • Moose hair embroidery
  • Woven grass skirts covered in fur
  • garments made of animal pelts
    • Leather breechcloths, deerskin moccasins and ponchos, fur robes during for cold weather
clans otala
Clans: Otala
  • Three clans: the Wolf, Turtle or Bear clans
    • A person's clan is the same as his or her mother's clan
  • Identified according to their spirit name
    • what we now call an Indian name
  • Each gender, clan and family unit within a clan all have particular duties and responsibilities
gender roles
Gender Roles
  • Men
    • Hunting, building homes (longhouses), warfare, agriculture, make tools
  • Women
    • In charge of major decisions, care for children, cooking, food preparation, carry on clan name, harvesting,
  • April—Thunder Ceremony
  • May—Seed Dance
  • Oneida Opening Prayer
  • Supreme creator—Orenda
  • Caring for mother earth important duty
  • Teaching of Handsome Lake