Renewable feedstocks. Thursday 29th October 2009. PLATFORM CHEMICALS. Adapted from Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, ed. Clark, J.; Deswarte, F. Wiley, 2008. Chemicals from Crude oil. Brassica. Animal feed. Food. Biofuels. Artemisia. Oil. Wheat (straw). Artemisinin. Animal feed.
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Thursday 29th October 2009
Adapted from Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, ed. Clark, J.; Deswarte, F. Wiley, 2008
Monomers for methacrylate formation
Time dependence (0-2 hr)
Fluorescent Assay for Lignin Degradation
Tim Bugg, Paper Submitted to Molecular Biosystems
Non-degrader Bacillus subtilis
shows no change
Degrader Pseudomonas putida
GC-MS total ion chromatogram with EI ionisation for Rhodococcus RHA1incubated with wheat straw lignocellulose for 7 days at 30 oC.
Mass spectrum of peak at RT 7.02 min, assigned to monosilylated derivative of ketone (1), m/z 268 (M-SiMe3)+, 253 (M-SiMe3-CH3)+.
379 papers in 2008-9 on biological activity alone
£1 per 1g
Active breast cancer, liver cancer
Active ingredient in anti-ageing creams / plumping creams
Carboxy vanillic acid.
0 papers in 2008-9
Potential use as fine chemical building block.
Vanillic acid precursor.
Diacid for use in polyesters and polyamides
Other potential major degradation products-yet to be fully identified from wheat straw
No current market.
Potential in poly-ethers,
-ester or -urethanes
Vanillic acid precursor?
Diacid for use in polyesters
Derivative of Gallic acid.
Gallic acid is used in dyes
It would appear that a higher content is made available by degradation, but it is unknown to the origin of the material.
Tungstan mediated fatty acid functionalisation: J. Appl. Poly. Science, In Prep
Expand to renewable ’Waste Products’ further down manufacturing line.
e.g. food industry, Confectionary
Use outputs to make demonstrator pieces for
media and industrial dissemination