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70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional Second Edition, Enhanced Chapter 2: Installing Windows XP Professional. Objectives. Determine if an upgrade is possible Boot multiple operating systems Plan an installation or upgrade Understand the types of installations available

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70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP ProfessionalSecond Edition, Enhanced Chapter 2: Installing Windows XPProfessional

objectives
Objectives
  • Determine if an upgrade is possible
  • Boot multiple operating systems
  • Plan an installation or upgrade
  • Understand the types of installations available
  • Work with important setup and advanced installation options

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

objectives continued
Objectives (continued)
  • Work with WINNT and WINNT32
  • Understand partitioning, volume licensing, and activating Windows XP
  • Set up Windows XP Professional and upgrade to multiple processors
  • Remove Windows XP Professional

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

upgrading versus installing
Upgrading Versus Installing
  • Choose between:
    • Upgrading
    • Clean installation

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

upgrading
Upgrading
  • Version of Windows already installed
  • Can preserve settings
  • Upgrade from:
    • Windows 95 OSR2,Windows 98,Windows 98 SE, and Windows ME
    • Windows NT 4.0 Workstation (with Service Pack 6 or later)
    • Windows 2000 Professional (with any service packs)
    • Windows XP Home Edition
    • Windows 95

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

upgrade option from setup wizard
Upgrade Option From Setup Wizard

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

clean installation
Clean Installation
  • Installs new version
  • No settings maintained
  • Good option for system with problems

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

windows xp upgrade advisor
Windows XP Upgrade Advisor
  • Inspects computer to determine if hardware and software are compatible with Windows XP
  • Can only be used on a system with an existing Windows OS
  • Report can be saved to a file for future reference

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

booting multiple operating systems
Booting Multiple Operating Systems
  • Install more than one OS on the same computer
  • Should be installed in chronological order
  • XP can be dual-booted with any Microsoft OS
  • Boot loader:
    • Software that shows all currently available operating systems

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

planning the installation
Planning The Installation
  • Careful planning is important
  • Determine whether to do upgrade or clean installation

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

types of attended installations
Types Of Attended Installations
  • Choice between:
    • Network installation
    • CD installation
  • Local CD-ROM faster

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

installing over the network
Installing over the Network
  • Launch setup routine from network share
  • \I386 folder on CD contains files
  • Execute WINNT or WINNT32 command

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activity 2 1 network installation setup
Activity 2-1: Network Installation Setup
  • Objective: Prepare a Windows 2000 Server or Windows Server 2003 as a network installation point for Windows XP Professional
  • Follow instructions to share CD-ROM folder and set permissions

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

cd rom installation launched from setup boot floppies
CD-ROM Installation Launched from Setup Boot Floppies
  • Use setup boot disks (or floppies) to install from local CD-ROM
  • Preferred method when:
    • Must install storage drivers manually
    • System will not boot from CD
    • No existing OS
    • No network access

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using a bootable cd
Using a Bootable CD
  • CD is self-booting
  • Most common method

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

text mode setup
Text Mode Setup
  • Used when initializing the setup from any method other than launching Setup from a preexisting Windows OS

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

gui setup method
GUI Setup Method
  • Employs initialization Setup Wizard
  • Advanced Options for:
    • Source path
    • Systemroot
    • Whether to copy all files from the CD before rebooting
    • Whether to allow manual selection of destination partition during Setup

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

gui setup method continued
GUI Setup Method (continued)
  • Decide if you want to upgrade drive with NTFS
  • Dynamic Update:
    • New feature
    • Enables Setup to download updates and patches for Windows XP before installation begins

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

advanced customized installation options
Advanced Customized Installation Options
  • Supports both unattended and customized installation options
  • Requires significant system and setup script preparation and preconfiguration

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

automated installations
Automated Installations
  • Unattended installations:
    • Similar to attended
    • Answer file provides responses

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

uniqueness database file udf
Uniqueness Database File (UDF)
  • Allows override of answer file settings
  • Can be created in notepad

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

unattend txt file
UNATTEND.TXT File
  • Contains default settings
  • Modify with Setup Manager Wizard

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activity 2 2 windows xp support tools
Activity 2-2: Windows XP Support Tools
  • Objective: Install the Windows XP support tools.
  • Follow instructions to install tools

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activity 2 3 unattended installation preparation
Activity 2-3: Unattended Installation Preparation
  • Objective: Create an answer file for an unattended installation of Windows XP using the Setup Manager Wizard
  • Launch Setup Manager Wizard
  • Create and save answer file

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using remote installation service ris
Using Remote Installation Service (RIS)
  • Windows Server-based service
  • Allows operating systems to be automatically installed onto target systems over network
  • Admin only needs to power on client
  • Takes advantage of DHCP

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using remote installation service ris continued
Using Remote Installation Service (RIS) (continued)
  • Common mistake:
    • Install applications so that only the local administrator has access
  • Causes significant network traffic
    • Solution: dedicate network segment to RIS

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using windows installer service wis
Using Windows Installer Service (WIS)
  • Simplifies deployment of multiple applications onto new clients
  • Centralizes application installations

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using systems management server sms
Using Systems Management Server (SMS)
  • Only used for upgrades
  • Offers automated application installation and configuration settings control
  • Complexity outweighs benefits

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using remote installation preparation riprep
Using Remote Installation Preparation (RIPrep)
  • Create RIS distributable images of fully configured prototype computer
  • Target system must have same HAL

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

using sysprep
Using SYSPREP
  • System duplication tool
  • Duplicates entire hard drive
  • Systems must have similar core hardware configurations
  • Cannot be used for upgrades
  • Must be used with a third-party disk-imaging product

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

winnt and winnt32
WINNT AND WINNT32
  • Command-line tools
  • Function has changed since Windows NT and 2000

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

winnt
WINNT
  • 16-bit setup tool
  • Launched from DOS or OS that relies on DOS
  • Standard and automated installations with few additional options

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

winnt syntax
WINNT Syntax

WINNT [/S[:sourcepath]] [/T[:tempdrive]]

[/U[:answer_file]]

[/UDF:id[,UDF_file]] [/R:folder][/RX:folder]

[/E:command] [/A]

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

winnt32
WINNT32
  • 32-bit setup tool
  • Launched from 32-bit operating systems
  • Standard and automated installations

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

winnt32 syntax
WINNT32 Syntax

winnt32 [/checkupgradeonly] [/cmd:command_line]

[/cmdcons] [/copydir:i386\folder_name]

[/copysource:folder_name] [/debug[level]:[filename]]

[/dudisable][/duprepare:pathname] [/dushare:pathname]

[/m:folder_name][/makelocalsource] [/noreboot]

[/s:sourcepath] [/syspart:drive_letter]

[/tempdrive:drive_letter] [/udf:id [,UDB_file]]

[/unattend[num]:[answer_file]]

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

partitioning the hard disk
Partitioning The Hard Disk
  • Active partition
    • Houses Windows XP boot files
  • To partition:
    • Use the DOS FDISKbefore installation
    • Or can partition during setup
  • To remove partitions:
    • Use DELPART command

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activity 2 4 disk partitioning
Activity 2-4: Disk Partitioning
  • Objective: Remove and create partitions using the FDISK command
  • Boot to DOS
  • Locate and use FDISK

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

volume licensing
Volume Licensing
  • Cost effective for multiple machines
  • Special version of Windows XP Professional installation CD
  • Can purchase from 5 to over 100,000 volume licenses

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activating windows xp
Activating Windows XP
  • Product has finite initial functional lifetime
  • After 30 days must be activated to function
  • Product activation:
    • Type of registration where system hardware is identified and matched with product license

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activating windows xp continued
Activating Windows XP (continued)
  • Drawbacks:
    • Hardware changes may invalidate activation
    • Difficult if lacking Internet access
  • Can be completed during or after setup

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

windows xp professional setup step by step from floppies or from a bootable cd
Windows XP Professional Setup: Step By Step From Floppies Or From A Bootable CD
  • Not difficult
  • Installation procedure is fairly self-regulating and self-healing

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activity 2 5 manual install of windows xp
Activity 2-5: Manual Install of Windows XP
  • Objective: Install Windows XP without using any of the automated features (unattend file, RIS, imaging, etc.)
  • Follow instructions to perform installation

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

upgrading to multiple processors
Upgrading To Multiple Processors
  • Update the HAL before installing second CPU into the system
  • Fail to properly update the HAL:
    • STOP error indicating a HAL mismatch occurs upon attempted reboot

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

removing windows xp professional
Removing Windows XP Professional
  • Supported:
    • When upgrade is performed over Windows 95/98/OSR2/SE/ME
  • If installation fails, rollback restores system state
  • Use the Add or Remove Programs applet for uninstall
  • Easiest method for older previous OS:
    • Destroy installation and start fresh with another OS

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

activity 2 6 removing windows xp
Activity 2-6: Removing Windows XP
  • Objective: Remove Windows XP and prepare the computer for another operating system
  • Follow instructions to remove XP
  • Warning: need to install another OS to use computer

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced

summary
Summary
  • Choose hardware for a successful installation
  • Can be installed locally or across network
  • Can use RIS to install from server
  • Must be activated using Product Activation before 30 days
  • Clean install vs. upgrade have different installation options

Guide to MCSE 70-270, Second Edition, Enhanced