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Protection?. Intruders. The previous lesson we looked at what the Yanomami tribe do on daily lives. Today and over the next few lessons we are going to be look at these introducers and what the government in Brazil and Venezuela are doing to help this primitive tribe. . Intruders.

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intruders
Intruders
  • The previous lesson we looked at what the Yanomami tribe do on daily lives.
  • Today and over the next few lessons we are going to be look at these introducers and what the government in Brazil and Venezuela are doing to help this primitive tribe.
intruders1
Intruders
  • Over 1000 illegal gold miners are working on Yanomami land
  • Cattle ranchers are invading and deforesting the eastern fringe.
  • These illegal workers are destroying Yanomami lives and yanomamicultre
history
History
  • The Yanomami Indians first came into contact with the outside world in the 1940’s.
  • This was because government officials in Brazil were wishing to seek better relationships with its boarder country Venezuela.
  • In the early 1970s, the Brazilian government wanted to build a road through the Amazon rainforest to the north.
  • This lead to two entire villages being wiped out due to diseases they had never encountered
history1
History
  • Today this road is still effecting the Yanomami tribe.
  • These illegal workers brought disease and alcohol which have effected the Yanomami tribe greatly
  • The road is now used as an access point by cattle ranchers and tree loggers to come and destroy Yanomami land.
history2
History
  • During the 1980s, there was a massive gold rush in the amazon rainforest.
  • 40,000 miners invaded the Yanomami land.
  • This again brought new diseases the Yanomami tribe had no immunity to.
  • Twenty percent of the Yanomami population died in just the first seven years
history3
History
  • In 1992 the miners were expelled.
  • This was because a campaign lead by DaviKopenawaYanomami, survival and Pro Yanomami Commission.
  • Tensions grew because of this, and in 1993 a group of miners entered a village at Haxium and murdered 16 Yanomami including a baby
history4
History
  • There was a domestic and international outcry after this incident
  • A Brazilian court found 5 gold miners guilty of genocide.
  • The gold mining invasion continues to happen today
  • In Venezuela the problem is very serious with the Yanomami being poisoned and exposed to violent attacks.
  • The government here are doing little to help them.
what is the condition like today
What is the condition like today?
  • The Yanomami Indians still do not have prope ownership of their land.
  • Brazil has signed a international law that recognises indigenous land rights however the Yanomami’s land rights have not been approved.
  • Government officals would like to see the size of Yanomami land reduced and opened up to mining and ranching.
  • Brazilian army barracks have been built on Yanomami lands.
hutukara
HUTUKARA
  • The Yanomami people believe strongly in equality.
  • In 2004 there was a foundation created by 11 Yanomami Indians called Hutukara.
  • This translates to the “The part of the sky that the earth was born.”
  • In 2011 Yanomami from Venezuela formed their own organisation called Horonamito defend their own rights.