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Mesopotamia. Next. Table of Contents. Assyrians Chaldeans Persians Phoenicians Hebrews. Sumerians Akkadians Babylonians Kassites Hittites. Previous. Next. Where is the Fertile Crescent?. The heart land of the middle East

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    1. Mesopotamia Next

    2. Table of Contents • Assyrians • Chaldeans • Persians • Phoenicians • Hebrews • Sumerians • Akkadians • Babylonians • Kassites • Hittites Previous Next

    3. Where is the Fertile Crescent? • The heart land of the middle East • Stretched from the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea as far as Egypt. • Present day Iraq Previous Next Index

    4. Why is it called the Fertile Crescent? • The two rivers ensured successfully farming made the land fertile • The shape of the area  Previous Next Index

    5. What was the region called between the Tigris and Euphrates? • Mesopotamia – Means “Land between the rivers” • 4000 BC people called the Sumerians lived in small city-states called UR • City States – An independent self-governing political unit. Previous Next Index

    6. Political Organization • Refers to that system of making decisions controlling internal conflicts and regulating relations with other groups • Who was the leader of the Sumerians? • King Gilgamesh • Monarchy – One ruler; King or Queen • How did Gilgamesh use propaganda? Previous Next Index

    7. Language • A system of sounds and symbols which, when combined, can generate comprehensive multimodal communication of an infinite number of subjects. • Cuneiform – Wedge – shaped marks on clay – symbols • Scribes – Writers Previous Next Index

    8. Religion • A system of ideas or thought utilized to explain the world and cosmos and people’s relation to it. • Polytheism– beliefs in many Gods • Sumerians explained natural events as the result of actions by gods and goddesses ex. Floods To explain the unexplainable…. Previous Next Index

    9. Architecture • At the center of each Sumerian city was a temple, called a Ziggurat • Ziggurat – “Mt. of God” Previous Next Index

    10. Akkadian Empire • City-state- Akkad • Sargon I the leader of the Akkadian Empire • Empire- a group of countries under one ruler • How did Sargon I use propaganda? Previous Next Index

    11. Babylon Empire • City State – Babylonia • Identify - Henry Rawlinson English Scholar – Who translated the Babylonian writings into Persians • Who was the leader of the Babylonians? • Hammurabi Previous Next Index

    12. Code of Laws • Hammurabi – developed a system of code of laws • It was based on the principal of “An Eye For An Eye” • Punishment = Crime • How did Hammurabi use propaganda? 1. Sun/Justice God Shamash 2. Code of Laws Next Previous Index

    13. Laying Down the Law • Law 1 • State one of Hammurabi’s laws from the selection of laws • Write the law in your own words • Compare the law to one of the laws in the US • Contrast the law to one of the laws in the US Previous Next Index

    14. Kassites • Location: Persia, present day Iran • Leader: Gandash • How did Gandash use propaganda? • Retained the Babylonian culture Previous Next Index

    15. Hittites • Location: Asia-Minor • Leaders: Suppiluliumus and Muwatallis • How did these leaders use propaganda? • First to use iron weapons- smelting • Signed the first written treaty with the Egyptians- Muwatallis and Ramses II Previous Next Index

    16. Assyrians • Where is Assur? • What was the capital of the Assyrian Empire? • Who was the Leader of the Assyrian empire? • How was the Assyrian army different from other armies? • How did the leaders use propaganda? Previous Next Index

    17. Assyrians Continued • Who did the Assyrians borrow the idea of smelting? • Define provinces. • What are the Present day countries that made up the Assyrian empire? Previous Next Index

    18. Chaldeans • Location: Southern part of Mesopotamia Capital: Babylon • Why did Chaldeans call themselves Babylonians? They were descendents of the people who made up Hammurabi’s empire. • Who was their king? • Nebuchadnezzar Next Previous Index

    19. Chaldeans Continued • How did Nebuchadnezzar use propaganda? • 1. He built the hanging gardens of Babylon for his wife. • 2. To please the people he built a street for the god Marduk. Previous Next Index

    20. Persian Empire • I. The Persians • II. Army and Empire • III. Government Officials • IV. Family Life • V. Religion • VI. Trade Previous Next Index

    21. Phoenicians • Carriers of civilizations- 700 BC • Location: eastern Mediterranean coast- Present day- Lebanon • Carriers of civilizations- established trade routes. They visited other civilizations by doing this they introduced their civilization. • Leader: Dido Previous Next Index

    22. Phoenicians Accomplishments • Alphabet • Royal Color • Ship Building Previous Next Index

    23. Hebrews • Location: From UR to Canaan • Identify • Yahweh - God • Abraham – Leader of the Hebrews. He lead the Hebrews to Canaan. • Why did the Hebrews leave Canaan? • There was a drought. Previous Next Index

    24. Hebrews Continued • Moses – He led the Hebrews out of Egypt. However, Moses died before reaching Canaan. • Joshua- He led the Hebrews to Promise Land. • Saul- He was the first king. • David- He reunited the Hebrews. • Solomon-He extended trade and treaties with other civilizations. • Gradually they became weak enough for others to conquer. Previous Next Index

    25. Do You Know Your World Cult? 1. What was the civilization that introduced iron weapons? 2. What were the two civilizations and their leaders who signed the first written treaty in history? 3. What does Mesopotamia mean? 4. Who created the world’s first empire? 5. Where did the Sumerians first settle? 6. Who developed a law code in Babylonia? 7. What were the Assyrians military techniques? 8. Who was the Chaldean king and what did he create? 9. Explain “carriers of civilization”? 10. What is the royal color? 11. Who led the Exodus? 12 Name the ancient and present day countries. Next Previous Index

    26. Bibliography • • • • • • • • • • Previous Next Index

    27. Biography • Bryan Bossler is a world cultures teacher for the Daniel Boone Area School District. He has been teaching for twenty-six years. • He holds a Masters degree in Education from Kutztown University. Also, Bachelors of Arts degree from Alvernia University. He has nine credits towards Principal certification. • He has been the class advisor, team leader, team mentor, middle school emergency operational planning chairperson, principal selection committee, teacher selection committee, and district sick leave chairperson. • He has coached varsity boys basketball for twenty years.

    28. The End Always make connections even back to this lesson Previous Index Remember Mr. Bossler lived during these times.