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TURKISH NAVY'S MSA ARCHITECTURE. &. INTERACTIONS WITH CURRENT MARITIME SECURITY OPERATIONS. Cihat YAYCI, Ph.D. Captain Strategy Department Head TU Naval Forces Command. Maritime Safety & Security. Outline. Turkey’s Maritime Security Policy Turkish Navy MSA Architecture

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slide1

TURKISH NAVY'S MSA ARCHITECTURE

&

INTERACTIONS WITH CURRENT MARITIME SECURITY OPERATIONS

Cihat YAYCI, Ph.D.

Captain

Strategy Department Head

TU Naval Forces Command

slide3

Outline

  • Turkey’sMaritimeSecurityPolicy
  • TurkishNavy MSA Architecture
    • General Architecture
    • SystemsInvolved
  • InteractionswithcurrentMaritimeOps
    • OperationBlackSeaHarmony
    • MediterraneanShield
    • OperationActiveEndeavour
    • UNIFIL
    • CTF 151
    • TurkishMaritimeTaskGroup
  • Conclusions
slide4

Turkey's Maritime Security Policy

Black Sea

Agean

Sea

Mediterranean Sea

Confidence

Building

Regional

Cooperation

Global

Endeavour

Interoperability

slide5

National

Military Organizations

NATO MCCIS

National

Non-Military

Organizations

NATO MSSIS

RMP

White Picture (Classified)

White Picture (Unclassified)

Turkish Navy's MSA Architecture

Surveillance Data

Tactical Data Links

Military Intelligence

TU Navy Platforms

Intelligence

Data Analyze

  • Flexibility in the face of changing
    • operational requirements

National

AIS

Turkish

Straights

VTS

TU NAVY

AIS

TU NAVY

Platforms

Assemble – Manage - Disseminate

slide6

Systems Involved in the MSA Architecture

  • Integrated Maritime Surveillance System
  • Naval AIS Network
  • Turkish Straits Vessel Trafficking Services
  • Vessel Traffic Services
  • Ministry of Transportation AIS Network
  • Joint Maritime Safety & Security System (Growing)
  • International systems
    • NATO MSSIS
    • NATO MCCIS
    • Black Sea Harmony
    • V-RMTC
slide7

B-SCC

OBSHPCC

K.Ereğli

A-SCC

iZMİR

M-SCC

MERSIN

Integrated Maritime Surveillance System

System

Architecture

slide8

B-SCC

OBSHPCC

K.Ereğli

A-SCC

iZMİR

M-SCC

MERSIN

Integrated Maritime Surveillance System

  • Land Based sensors
    • Radars / ESM systems
  • Air Borne Sensors
    • (MPAs & Helos)
  • Ship Based Systems
  • Alternative Communication Methods
  • Joint capabilities & services (Army & Navy & Air & CG & Civilian)
slide9

Fishing Vessel Traffic Monitoring System

Turkish Straits Vessel Traffic Services

National

Joint

Maritime

Security

Safety

Information

System

Vessel Traffic Services (*)

Coastal Surveillance Radar Network (*)

Turkish navy has assumed a leading and coordinating role to integrate the systems established by relevant national maritime commands and agencies in the context of surveillance of seas and monitoring of sea traffic.

Automatic Identification System

COSPAS-SARSAT SYSTEM

WEB BASED MARITIME INFORMATION SYSTEM

LRIT

TURKISH NAVY RMP SYSTEMS

slide10

BH-OMEGA

Server

BH-OMEGA

Black Sea Harmony - OMEGA

UKRAINE

RUSSIA

ROMANIA

FORESC

BH-OMEGA

FORESC

DIVNOMORSKOYE

OBSH Participating Units

CONSTANTA

Secure Internet,

Telephone, Fax

VARNA

Fixed Wing A/C

FORESC

FORESC

BULGARIA

GEORGIA

Telephone, Fax

OBSHPCC

Law Enforcement Agencies

Port

Authority

Internet, Telephone,

Fax

TURKEY

OBSH PCC

BH-OMEGA was established to exchange MSA data for multinational purposes.

slide11

NATO Systems

MSSIS

LIVE

MCCIS

slide12

Virtual Regional Maritime Traffic Center (V-RMTC)

V-RMTC

Turkish Navy has been supporting the V-RMTC from its very beginning.

slide13

 MSA Architecture

Interactions with Current Maritime Ops

slide14

INTERACTIONS WITH CURRENT MARITIME SECURITY OPERATIONS

Operation Black Sea Harmony

SNMCG-1

BLACKSEAFOR

SNMCG-2

Operation

Medditerranean Shield

Operation

Active Endeavoure

UNIFILL

CTF 151

slide15

The Black Sea

  • In 2009, from 102 states:
  • 61.000 ships sailed in Black Sea
  • 50.000 from/to the straits.
  • Half a billion tons of goods carried
  • 1/4 was petroleum products.

Security

Critical Corridor

Energy

slide16

2002

Confidence and Security Building

Measures in the Naval Field

  • .

2004

Operation Black Sea Harmony (OBSH)

  • .

2006

Black Sea Border/Coast Guard

Cooperation Forum

  • .

Maritime Security Initiatives

UKRAYNA

GÜRCİSTAN

BULGARİSTAN

  • .

2001

BLACKSEAFOR

TÜRKİYE

slide17

TURKISH NAVAL FORCES

Operation Black Sea Harmony

R-1

R-2

R-3

C-1

C-2

C-3

C-4

T-1

T-2

Black Sea

TURKEY

Conduct active presence operations along vital SLOCs...

Maintain maritime situational awareness...

slide18

TURKISH NAVAL FORCES

Operation Black Sea Harmony

Maritime Interdiction

Operation

Maritime Situational

Awareness

slide19

Operation Black Sea Harmony(OBSH)

...open to all Black Sea countries.

UKRAIN

OBSH

TURKEY

OBSH is affiliated with NATO-led OAE

slide22

Operation Black Sea Harmony

UKRANIA

2007

2009

RUSSIA

ROMANIA

2006

BULGARIA

GEORGIA

TURKEY

A multi-national operation

slide23

Information Sharing & Data Exchange

UKRAINE

OBSH CC

SEVASTOPOL

OBSH CC

NOVOROSSIYSK

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

ROMANIA

BLACK SEA

GEORGIA

BULGARIA

OBSH PCC

KDZ. EREGLI

FORESC

TURKEY

BH-OMEGA

SERVER

slide24

Interaction between OBSH & OAE

RELEVANT

NATO HQs

OBSH

RECOGNIZED MARITIME

PICTURE

MCCIS

MSSIS

Message/

MCCIS/ MSSIS

THE SUSPICIOUS

ACTIVITIES

An effective cooperation established between

Operation Black Sea Harmony & Operation Active Endeavour.

slide25

Interaction between OBSH & BLACKSEAFOR

UKRAINE

ROMANIA

RUSSIA

Operation Black Sea Harmony

BULGARIA

GEORGIA

TURKEY

OBSH also supports BLACKSEAFOR.

slide26

OIL PIPELINE

OIL PIPELINE PRJ

NATURAL GAS PIPELINE

NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PRJ

South of Turkey

EUROPE

AUSTRIA

KAZAKHSTAN

HUNGARY

UKRAINE

RUSSIAN

FEDERATION

ROMANIA

BLUE STREAM

NABUCCO

BAKU-TBILISI-CEYHAN

CASPIAN SEA

BLACK SEA

BULGARIA

ITALY

Istanbul Strait

GREECE

TURKEY

ITGI

EGEAN

SEA

Bay of

Iskenderun

IRAN

KIRKUK-YUMURTALIK

MEDITERRANEAN SEA

SYRIA

IRAQ

EGYPT

Bay of Iskenderun has recently become a major energy hub in Eastern Mediterranean.

slide27

Operation Mediterranean Shield

BAKU-TBILISI-CEYHAN

OIL PIPE

EGEAN

SEA

TÜRKİYE

01 April 2006

KIRKUK-YUMURTALIK OIL PIPE

Bay of

Iskenderun

Operation

Mediterranean

Shield

SURİYE

LÜBNAN

MEDITERRANEAN

…to contribute to global energy security through securing vital SLOCs for oil shipping from Ceyhan Terminal.

slide28

Operation Mediterranean Shield

Trafic information obtained through operation has been shared with;

  • NATO Headquarters
  • Operation Active Endeavour
  • UNIFIL Assets
  • Virtual Regional Maritime Traffic Center (V-RMTC)
slide29

Active Endeavour

Operation Mediterranean Shield

Complementary

slide30

Active Endeavour

Operation Mediterranean Shield

Complementary

... provide enhanced maritime situatıonal awareness in the eastern Mediterranean

with mutual coordination and cooperation.

slide31

Operation Active Endeavour

Operation Active Endeavour has been a major driving force for MSA initiatives in NATO.

slide32

Operation Active Endeavour

Turkey is one of the member nations providing highest number of assests from its inception.

  • Platforms, provided to the Operation
  • On-Call Corvette
  • Additional Assets on Request
  • Strong Support for MSA Efforts
  • Continuous contribution from Land based AIS sites as well as from ships via SATCOM.
slide33

M-SCC

MERSIN

UNIFIL Operation

TÜRKİYE

SURİYE

LÜBNAN

…data exchange between participatingunits and coordination center enhances the MSA in the region.

slide34

Counter Piracy Operations

daily 100 ships

33.000 ships

per year

...participating in the counter piracy operations

in the Gulf of Aden and Somali basin.

slide35

252

072

Counter Piracy Operations

SALALAH

YEMEN

CIBUTI

BERBERA

slide36

Counter Piracy Operations

USNAVCENT

CMF

CTF 152

CTF 150

CTF 151

CTF 152

CTF 151

RADM. E. Caner BENER

(03 MAY-15 AGU 09)

CTF 150

RADM. Sinan ERTUĞRUL

(01 SEP - 01 DEC 10)

slide37

TÜRK DENİZ GÖREV GRUBU

TURKISH MARITIME TASK GROUP

Turkish Maritime Task Group

…established to demonstrate the Turkish Navy’s commitment to maritime peace and stability through enhancing friendship, cooperation and interoperability with allies and friendly nations.

slide38

TÜRK DENİZ GÖREV GRUBU

TURKISH MARITIME TASK GROUP

TÜRK DENİZ GÖREV GRUBU 2010 YILI AKTİVASYONU 21 MAYIS-5 TEMMUZ 2010

Turkish Maritime Task Group - 2010 Activation

SPLIT

NEUM

BAR

DURRES

TARANTO

VLORE

CARTAGENA

AKSAZ

CEZAYİR

TUNUS

İSKENDERİYE

…provided support to OAE, contributed to overall MSA efforts.

slide40

Conclusion

  • Trans-regional efforts on the way to a global MSA will definitely help keep lines of coordination and cooperation open with respective countries.
  • Littoral countries’ efforts and active participation in regional initiatives are the key elements for success.
  • Each nation’s contribution to the overall picture has a unique and significant effect on the performance of coordinated operations where and when necessary.
  • Regional efforts to ensure maritime security would contribute at a great scale to the global endeavour.