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Work at Height Regulations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Health and Safety Executive. Work at Height Regulations. FALLS PROGRAMME . Reduce death and major injuries from falls from height. HSC/ HSE targets 10% reduction in death and major injuries by 2010. Working with sectors were falls are an issue; Caretakers Facilities Management Companies

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Health and Safety


Work at Height Regulations

falls programme
  • Reduce death and major injuries from falls from height.
  • HSC/ HSE targets 10% reduction in death and major injuries by 2010.
  • Working with sectors were falls are an issue;
      • Caretakers
      • Facilities Management Companies
      • Maintenance fitters
  • The Work at Height Regulations
      • Background
      • Scope
      • Managing risks from work at height
      • Selecting the right equipment
      • Other Requirements
background statistics
Background: Statistics
  • Biggest Killer 67 Fatal Accidents 2003/04
  • 3884 Major Accidents 2003/04
  • Until this year always 2nd biggest cause of major accidents
  • 2/3 of all major injuries caused by ‘low falls’ (below 2mtrs)
background objectives
Background : Objectives
  • Temporary Work at Height Directive (2001/45/EC)
  • Bring existing legislation together into risk based regulation
  • Maintain and improve standards
current position
Current position
  • Came into force on 6 April 2005
  • No transitional period proposed – Regulations consolidate good practice
  • Challenge to communicate the WAH message effectively
wah regulations overview
WaH Regulations: Overview
  • Scope
  • Risk assessment/organisation/planning
  • Avoid – Prevent – Minimise
  • Select the right Work Equipment
  • Other Precautions
  • Key messages
scope what is work at height
Scope: What is work at height?
  • Work in any place from which a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury
  • Includes
      • access and egress
      • work at or below ground level;
      • but not stairways or slips or trips on the level
scope what sectors are covered
Scope: What Sectors are covered?
  • Covers all industries: e.g. construction, agriculture, manufacturing, retail, maintenance,warehouse etc; but not those paid to lead or train climbing and caving
  • Duty holders are:
    • employers;
    • self-employed; and
    • those in control of people at work, to the extent of their control
organisation planning competence
Organisation, Planning, Competence

Work at height should be

  • Properly planned
  • Appropriately supervised
  • Not carried out if weather conditions jeopardise health and safety

Those working at height should be

  • competent or if being trained supervised by a competent person
risk assessment
Risk Assessment
  • Regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at work Regulations
  • Do a risk assessment
avoid prevent minimise
Avoid - Prevent - Minimise

Avoid work at height

  • if you don’t have to go up there DON’T!

Prevent falls

  • use an existing place or means of access
  • Use the most suitable way of working
  • Select the most suitable equipment
avoid prevent minimise13
Avoid – Prevent - Minimise

Minimise the distance and consequences

  • Minimise the consequences
  • Take other measures to prevent injury eg instruction, information and training
select the right work equipment15
Select the right work equipment
  • Collective protection before personal protection
      • Select guardrails/working platforms before personal fall prevention (eg work restraint)
      • Select nets/airbags before personal fall arrest
select the right work equipment16
Select the right work equipment
  • Working conditions
  • Access and Egress
  • Distance and consequences of a fall
  • Duration and frequency of use/task
  • Ease of rescue/evacuation
  • Risk of use, installation and removal of equipment
types of work equipment
Types of Work Equipment
  • Guardrails
  • Working platforms (scaffolds/MEWPS etc)
  • Nets/Airbags
  • Personal Fall Protection systems
  • Ladders
ladders use
  • Risk assessment must justify use;
    • Low risk,
    • Short duration,
    • Or Site conditions dictate
  • Follow good practice
examples of work equipment
Examples of Work Equipment


Avoiding work at height

collective prevention
Collective Prevention


Edge protection



personal fall arrest
Personal Fall Arrest

Fall Arrest

Work Positioning

other requirements
Other Requirements
  • Avoid risks from Fragile Surfaces
  • Prevent Falling Objects
  • Warn about Danger Areas
  • Inspect work equipment
  • Persons at work should
      • Follow instructions and training
      • Advise employer of hazards/risks to health and safety
  • What HSE have done
  • What HSE would like you to do
  • How will HSE know if they are getting it right?
key messages
  • If you follow good practice you should be doing enough to comply
  • Do a risk assessment, plan and organise your work properly
  • Follow the hierarchy: avoid – prevent – minimise
  • Choose the right equipment - select collective protection before personal
  • Guide supported by Industry Specific Guidance.