9. Overseas Exploration. AP Euro. Causes. Some historians speculate that the Renaissance led Europeans across the seas. Man became incredibly more self-confident and aware of his potential to succeed. (The Renaissance will be covered in the next unit.)
From Asia came silk and spices (pepper and clove). This trade was controlled by Italian city states such as Genoa and Venice and by the Ottoman Turks, who overthrew the Byzantine Empire in 1453.
He sent annual expeditions down the west coast of Africa.
His main goal was the gold trade, which had for centuries been monopolized by the Arabs. Gold was found along the west coast of Africa.