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Prayer. Prayer. What is a basic definition of prayer? Raising Requesting To what two types of prayer is each Christian called? Personal , individual prayers Communal worship. Read aloud the words of St John Paul II. Who should get the most credit when we pray?. Our Father.

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  • What is a basic definition of prayer?
    • Raising
    • Requesting
  • To what two types of prayer is each Christian called?
    • Personal, individual prayers
    • Communal worship.
  • Read aloud the words of St John Paul II. Who should get the most credit when we pray?
our father
Our Father
  • Read Matthew 6.5-15. What does this teach us about prayer?
  • Read Luke 11.1-13. What does this teach us about prayer?
  • What are the two most important sentences in the Our Father?
  • The Our Father, line by line.
our father1
Our Father
  • Tertullian and St Thomas Aquinas state that the Our Father is the perfect prayer. Support their claim.
    • Most important matters spiritually (forgiveness)
    • Most important matters materially (daily needs)
    • Essence of Gospel—God is our Father
    • Essence of holiness—doing God’s will
    • Essence of mercy—forgiveness, deliverance from evil
self denial


self denial1
  • Read 1 Corinthians 6.12-20
  • What does St Paul mean when he says “All things are lawful, but not all things are helpful”?
  • What does it mean that our bodies are not our own?
self denial2
  • Holiness comes through self-denial
    • Related words: renunciation, self-sacrifice, mortification
    • Purpose: the more we deny ourselves the pleasures of this life, the easier it is to look ahead
  • Examples
    • Athletic training
      • Read 1 Corinthians 9.24-27
    • Learning any skill
    • Not just about practice; it’s also about sacrifice
  • Self-denial is
    • Renouncing your own pleasures
    • Sacrificing your desires for the good of God or others
    • Putting to death the desires of the flesh (mortification)
  • Meaning
    • Dying to the flesh
    • It is a means of seeking holiness through self-discipline and self-denial.
  • Purpose
    • To avoid sin and to subdue the body so as to strengthen the soul.
  • Christians are in training
    • Spiritual growth requires difficult discipline
    • Spiritual growth requires looking ahead to the prize at the end
  • KEY: Just as an athlete must train him- or herself to compete successfully, mortification, or self-denial, is an essential part of growing in holiness and pursuing the goal of the Christian life
  • How can mortification help us avoid “near occasions” of sin?
    • “Near occasions of sin” are situations which can lead us to sin.
    • Example: hanging out with friends who drink or do drugs may tempt us to do the same
    • Example: dressing provocatively may signal…
      • “If a guy wears booty shorts…” (guess)
    • Example: playing violent video games may lead us to think that life is cheap
  • What is the point of denying ourselves innocent pleasures?
    • It helps us grow in self control
    • It helps us focus not on ourselves but on God and others
offer up
Offer Up
  • What does it mean to “offer up” self-denial or hardships to God?
    • From St Paul: “Offer yourself a living sacrifice”
  • What helps make self-denial more effective?
    • Prayer
    • Charitable giving
the church s work
The church’s work
  • What is the basis of the Church’s missionary work?
  • How is this done today?
    • The Church today is “urgently called upon to save and renew every creature, that all things may be restored in Christ and all men may constitute one family in him and one People of God.”
  • Who is called to this work?
    • If everyone, then why are their priests and religious?
missionary activity
Missionary activity
  • What is the first and foremost method of carrying out missionary activity?
    • Going to Mass
    • Christian witness in everyday life
    • Empathy for others
    • Willingness to share in others’ lives
  • How does St Francis’ words help us understand this activity?
    • St Francis: “Preach the Gospel always; if necessary, use words.”
  • How important is it to know your faith well?
  • What is a vocation?
    • specific, permanent state of life to which God calls a person
  • What is your primary vocation?
    • Holiness
  • What is the most common vocation in the Church?
  • What is the connection between the common priesthood of all the faithful and the lay state?
  • What is the vocation of married couples?
    • “being witnesses of the Faith and the love of Christ to one another and to their children”
  • Who are the primary educators of children?
    • In loco parentis
  • What is the most important educational job parents have?
  • What virtues can children learn in family life?
    • the joy of work
    • fraternal love
    • generous—even repeated—forgiveness
    • Tenderness
    • Respect
    • Fidelity
    • Service for others without concern for self
    • self-denial
    • sound judgment
    • self-mastery
    • Empathy
  • What are some duties of children toward their parents?
    • love and gratitude
    • Respect
    • Obedience
    • Care-taking
  • Why is work able to be made holy?
    • Work is a gift from God
    • Originally to tend or take care. Now includes sweat or labor
  • How can we sanctity our work, ourselves, and others when we work?
    • Performing our duties well
    • Maintaining a cheerful and positive attitude
    • Exercising Christian virtues
  • What are some virtues we can develop through our work?
    • Fairness
    • Ethics
    • Courtesy
    • Kindness
    • Friendship
  • How can our work draw others to Christ?
  • How can work be redemptive?
  • What is an apostolate?
    • An apostolate is the task of building up the Church
  • The apostolate of the laity is to build up the Church
    • In the family
    • In the workplace
    • In the Church’s formal work
    • In society (culture and politics)
  • What is the responsibility of the laity in public life?
    • to promote the common good
consecrated life
Consecrated life
  • What is the consecrated life?
    • Persons called to live the evangelical counsels
      • Chastity
      • Poverty
      • Obedience
    • This is opposed to the worldly worship of
      • Money
      • Sex
      • Power
    • Imitates the life of Jesus
consecrated life1
Consecrated life
  • The primary tasks of consecrated life are ora et labora
      • Prayer and Service
  • Examples of consecrated religious life:
    • Women religious (often referred to as sisters or nuns)
    • Religious brothers
    • Clergy who are members of a religious order or institute
    • Consecrated virgins
  • KEY: The commitment to a radical imitation of Christ
consecrated life2
Consecrated life
  • What are the main forms of consecrated life today?
    • Religious orders and congregations
      • Community life in monastery or convent
      • Public vows of poverty, chastity and obedience
      • Example: Benedictines
    • Societies for apostolic life
      • Life in the world apart from monastery or convent
      • Public vows of poverty, chastity and obedience
      • Example: Jesuits
    • Secular institutes
      • Oblates
  • Read 216-225
  • Workbook to #47
  • Study Questions to #41
  • Vocab